In conditions of survival and short-term autonomous existence, fishing is the most affordable way to provide yourself with food. On the one hand, fish is a higher-calorie product than most plant-based products. On the other hand, even catching fish by hand is much easier than catching land-based game.
Catching fish, fishing places, the most convenient time for fishing with your hands, preparing and conducting fishing.
If there is no way to make a fishing rod, then you can try to fish with your bare hands. To protect the body from cuts, scratches, and also to heat it, especially when diving, it is best to fish in clothes. To prevent cuts to the feet when moving along the bottom, as well as when stirring up water, be sure to put on shoes.
, being in the water, so you may not notice it. The only thing to keep in mind with regard to large fish is not to look for it in shallow places where the depth is less than one and a half meters.
If during the survey of the river you are prevented from observing the places of accumulation of fish by sun glare or shadows on the water from the trees, try moving to the opposite bank along the masonry or fording and continue your observations. You will definitely meet alder and willow growing along the shore, you will see driftwood lying on the bottom of the river, thick grass, large blocks of stone, logs. Among the trees you met, preference should be given to willow. Its dense, branched rhizomes form a continuous wall along the coast, in the water, under which there is always a large washout. Such places are favorite for roach and perch..
The accumulation of all kinds of trash in the river, consisting of twigs, driftwood, grass, stuck when moving along the river, is also a suitable place for fish. True, when fishing in such rubble there is a fear of scratching the hands with the spruce sticks or wild rose, which are in the pile of branches. Therefore, you must be very careful and move your hands smoothly in the muddy water, without sudden movements. In the thick of the branches you can catch perch, roach, ide or burbot. The favorite place for fish are the washings under the shore, which are most often found on river bends.
In rhizomes of alder mainly. hiding roach and perch. Fishing in rhizomes does not present significant difficulties. Alder rhizomes, as a rule, are quite voluminous, so when fishing, you should often immerse your hands quite deeply in water. Particular attention should be paid to trees lying completely in the river or lake, in particular pines and firs. In such places you can catch roach, perch, burbot, tench, if you are not afraid to scratch your palms.
The most convenient time for fishing with your hands.
The time for fishing with hands is selected from the following considerations. Starting from the earliest morning, determined by sunrise, almost any fish feeds and intensively moves along the river in search of food, so there is no particular sense in catching with hands in the morning. Moreover, the water in the river is still very cool, and the sun does not bake enough to warm up after fishing. In the afternoon, in the afternoon, the water in the river or lake warms up quite strongly and the fish searches for shaded cool places where you can hide from predators and digest the accepted.
Here you shouldn’t yawn already, especially since in the morning you managed to inspect a section of the river, identify the most fun places, notice the backwaters where the perch chased the fry, and also observed the movement of roach flocks near snags and under the shore. Indeed, the most suitable time for fishing is from two to five hours in the afternoon. This period will be quite enough not to be left without a catch.
Preparatory stage for fishing with hands.
A prerequisite for fishing with hands is mutual invisibility. Any self-respecting fish, even the smallest, will try to quickly disappear if it sees your hands that are approaching it. To artificially ensure mutual invisibility, it is necessary to stir up water. Remember that the fish will be caught until you see your own hands immersed in water. Then we can assume that fishing in this place is finished, and you can go downstream.
For successful fishing it is necessary, firstly, to choose the right distance from the zone of stirring to the place of fishing. It should be such that the fish in the shelter (under the cramp, the shore) does not get scared and leaves it. If you catch in a small river, with a weak current, then choose the distance from the place of stirring to the place of fishing about 15-20 meters. At the same time, you must evaluate how much fish is protected in your shelter. The stronger the fish is protected (i.e., it is in branchy cramps, under large logs, in thick grass), the distance from the stirring zone should be chosen smaller, for example, equal to ten meters.
In the event that a school of fish huddles in the grass or under the shore, the stirring should be carried out at a greater distance, and this should be done as silently as possible so as not to frighten the assembled fish. In the event that you are fishing alone, it is necessary to stir up the water in the same place until the muddy water reaches the place of fishing with the flow. Only then can you move downstream to your intended location. The thickness of the layer of silt near the coast ranges from 3 to 20 centimeters.
When stirring up water from the bottom, insect larvae rise, which they carry downstream, attracting the attention of fish. You can stir up water using various means. If the water is not cold and the river is shallow, then the best way to stir up is to raise your legs with shod legs from the bottom of the silt. The movement of the legs when stirring up with respect to the direction of the river can be longitudinal, transverse or combined, in both directions. It should be remembered that it is necessary to start the agitation of water practically from the separation zone: dry water. In the event that there is an overhanging shore near the water itself, barely holding its own weight, then you can shower it, having previously checked for strength.
As a device for stirring water, you can use a wooden pole. It is used if there is a large depth at the place of accumulation of sludge or your partner does not have rubber boots. A wooden pole is best chosen with a length of 2-3 meters and a diameter of 5 to 8 centimeters. When stirring with poles, the latter should be used as a lever, resting its middle on the shore, dropping one of the ends into the water and picking up a layer of silt up. With the help of poles it is also possible to shower banks hanging over the water or to expel fish from small shelters to those places where it gathers in schools.
Go to the place of fishing without rushing, continuing to stir up the water along the movement. Intensively agitate water directly in the fishing area. If you have cramps in front of you, then go around it from all sides and drive the muddy water into the geometric center of the cramp. The fish not only does not leave its shelter, but also hides deeply in the snag. Turbid water, falling into the gills of the fish, partially deprives the latter of mobility. If you intend to catch large fish, then try to make less noise both when moving along the river and when stirring the water.
Based on the book Hand-fishing.