European or common mole (Talpa europaea) is common in Europe, the North Caucasus, the Urals and Western Siberia. The mole lives mainly on the edges of forests, meadows, fields, in gardens, kitchen gardens and in floodplains of rivers. Avoids places with a high level of groundwater and does not like sandy soils.
Catching moles, methods of preparing and eating moles as food, moles as food when surviving in extreme or emergency situations.
The mole feeds mainly on earthworms. Sometimes it eats slugs, wood lice, insects and their larvae, millipedes, spiders. The mole feeds several times a day, and sleeps in between feedings. Moles are very voracious and can do without food for a very short time, therefore they do not fall into hibernation and are active all year round. Moles love greasy, rich in earthworms and insect larvae. Moles in the forest are usually found along roads and trails, as well as along the banks of streams..
But it is necessary to be able to distinguish the feeding courses of moles from the more deeply lying permanent moves leading to their burrows. Feed passages lie in the surface soil layer at a depth of 1-5 centimeters. They can often be seen in the forest in the form of furrows of slightly elevated land. Permanent passages run at a depth of 14-20 centimeters and are distinguished by smooth rammed walls, as animals often visit them, these passages are easily detected by moles thrown out by heaps of land.
When the mole breaks its new passage below the surface of the soil, it raises the ground and, as a rule, such moves are easily noticeable. Having trampled such a move, it is necessary to wait until the mole returns to it. You will again see the elevated earth and you will already know where it came from and where it is moving. Having determined the possible location of the mole by moving the soil, it is necessary to raise the earth in this area and try to catch it. If a fresh molehill is found (the earth on it dries quickly and you can clearly see how long the mole was there), then carefully remove it to ground level and as a rule in the center you will find a passage hole.
Having determined the direction of travel, it is necessary to clog it well by pushing a little soil inward and level the surface. Then be patient and wait for the mole to begin to recover and dig its move further. The return of the mole will be noticeable by raising the ground from the closed hole or by the appearance of a new mole nearby, which will form right before your eyes. Knowing the direction of the course from where the mole came, digging the ground near the first molehill and blocking the mole course in any of the available ways, you can begin to catch it. It should be borne in mind that the mole is capable of quite quickly digging the ground and moving in its moves.
Since the mole is extremely voracious, in search of food or when changing the place of hunting, it often leaves its underground passages and comes to the surface. This happens mainly at night. Moles also come to the surface for mating, usually between March and April. At this time, you can try to catch him on a fishing line with a fishing or homemade hook on which an earthworm is strung.
Cutting of the caught and killed mole, skinning of the mole.
The skin of a mole caught and killed, especially in hot weather, should be removed as soon as possible. To do this, first of all, the legs and tail are cut off, then a small longitudinal incision is made on the throat. In the hole made, the tip of the knife is introduced with the tip up and pushing it to the base of the tail, cutting the skin in the middle of the chest and abdomen. When making an incision, care must be taken not to damage the entrails and stain the meat..
Features of cooking mole meat for food.
Mole meat is quite edible, but requires good heat treatment, because it can be infected with parasites. You can cook mole meat in any available way, fry over an open fire or pan, stew or use in soup.