After pressing the capsules into the cartridges of the hunting cartridges and filling them with gunpowder, the following chewing operation is performed. Cardboard wads-gaskets with a total thickness of 2.5-3 mm or plastic shutters are sent directly to the powder.
Chewing shells with self-equipment of hunting cartridges, cardboard, felt, wood-fiber wads, plastic wads-containers and seals.
If a polyethylene seal with no hole or a combined plastic wad with a container is used, cardboard pads are not used. If the plastic shutter has a hole in the center, then an additional cardboard lining must be installed on top of it. Chewing by chewing.
apply caliber wads, in brass – two more calibers.
Gaskets should not be pressed very hard against the gunpowder, as this can lead to a significant increase in pressure in the barrel during the shot. A uniform uniform force during the installation of wads – 5-6 kg – is achieved if the elbow is not torn off the table when sending the wad. Such work leads to a more or less uniform loading density, which affects the constancy of battle.
The use of a plastic wad container makes it possible to significantly simplify the operation, since in this case no additional wads are required. The sending of the combined polyethylene wad is carried out by a navigator with a diameter of 2-4 caliber less than the caliber of the sleeve. In other cases, wads are installed on top of a cardboard pad or polyethylene obturator.
Most often, in addition to the aforementioned polyethylene ones, felt or wood-fiber wads are used. All wads should be in the form of an even cylinder. The height of the main wad should be about 2/3 of the diameter of the borehole. If the wad goes too easily into the sleeve, you can hit it several times with a hammer to increase the diameter.
Felt wad is often squeezed with fingers so that when they enter the sleeve, it does not jam the dulce. The main felt wad on the outer surface is salted to a depth of 3 mm. All powder wads should enter the sleeve tightly, without distortions. There should be no bulge visible on the outside of the paper and plastic sleeves..
On top of the main wad set one or more additional. With their help, the desired filling of the sleeve volume is achieved, which allows it to be subsequently qualitatively rolled up.
Refinement of the navigator during the chewing of cartridges of hunting cartridges.
When chewing on a navigator, it is advisable to make two marks with a pencil – the first marking the level of sending the gasket to gunpowder, so as not to accidentally miss a cartridge with a double gunpowder. The second, marking the desired position of the additional wad, which ensures that after falling asleep a high-quality rolling or press fitting.
Self-made wad for hunting cartridges.
Various wads are often found on sale, but you can make them yourself. Suitable material is used for this. Cardboard – for laying, felt, felt – for wadding, and a special device – die cutting made of steel. Its cutting edge must be hardened..
The material from which the wad is cut down must be clean, the felt should be washed and dried. In addition, it is recommended to paste felt, koshma or felt on paper on one or both sides. The diameter of the die cut must correspond to the diameter of the wad of the desired caliber for a particular sleeve.
Cutting down wads is carried out on a flat wooden surface by hammer blows to die cutting. Felling should be done with one blow, and die cutting should be set strictly vertically. Gaskets need to be cut down only in one layer of cardboard. In order to improve the obturation, cardboard obturators can be used instead of conventional cardboard gaskets..
Self-felled wads should be salted with a mixture of 80% paraffin and 20% technical oil. The mixture is heated, almost bringing to a boil, then impregnated with it a little cloth, put in a small pan or pan. After this, the wad is pricked on a needle with a pen or an awl and rolled along the cloth. After the powder wads have been installed, you can proceed to the next operation – measuring (weighing) the shot shell and filling it into the sleeve.
Features of various types of wads for hunting cartridges.
In summer conditions, hunting cartridges with plastic obturators show very good results. In addition, their use saves gunpowder. Traditional cardboard pads are also quite acceptable. As the main wad, it is best to use felt, stably working in any conditions.
Polyethylene wads with containers, despite the convenience of equipment, do not always provide a stable battle, which is associated with the low quality of their manufacture. Therefore, often hunters cut them and use them in parts – as an obturator and as a container for shots.
As additional, it is good to use unsalted felt and wood-fiber wads. In winter, no doubt, you should give preference to felt wads and cardboard pads. Polyethylene wadding is best not to use.
Based on materials from the book Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Manufacture and repair.