During at least a long stay in the wild, a person always needs some kind of shelter or shelter to protect from adverse weather conditions. Just as the ancient people used the cave as a shelter and weather protection, so now we use different types of tents.
Choosing the most suitable tent for temporary housing in the wild, domed and pyramidal tents, tents, strengths and weaknesses.
Common types of camping tents.
Nowadays, tents can have a wide variety of sizes and shapes, from large camping sites, to portable and lightweight for climbing. They differ in the materials from which they are made and, accordingly, in weight. Some of them are easy to install and remove, requiring the efforts of only one person and several minutes of time. Others are more complex, their installation can take several tens of minutes by two adult men. Consider the two most common types of tents and tent.
Very common and resemble the shape of a needle. Of different capacities, they can be single or double-layer, with or without flooring, with or without vestibules. Large tents of this type are very popular for families because of the ability to get several separate rooms in one volume. A good option for temporary housing in nature.
this material, thereby maximally adapting it to your current needs. The disadvantage of tents is that in order to get the most complete protection from strong winds, rain or snow, it is necessary to take more complex actions than is necessary when installing any tent. In addition to the fact that it is not so simple, you need to know and understand exactly how to do it correctly, and have at least a little preliminary practice in the construction of such shelters.
Choosing a type of tent for housing in the wild.
The choice of the tent you need will depend on a combination of many factors, any of which is different for each person or a specific situation. At the same time, it should be understood that nothing universal happens, you cannot find one design and size that will meet all the requirements in all cases. Try to answer the following questions for yourself, and if you have specific answers to each of them, then you can choose the style and size of the tent that will meet your requirements to the fullest.
When, at what time of the year do you plan to use the tent?
Seasonality for which this or that tent is intended will perhaps be crucial in its choice. Conventionally, all tents can be divided into the following categories.
For two seasons can be used in the warm season, both in summer and in late spring or early fall. Such a tent is likely to have good ventilation, due to the increase in the area equipped with a net, it will be comfortable in the heat, but at the same time it can hardly cope even with a little rain or wind.
For three seasons quite comfortable in almost any weather in spring, summer and autumn. It holds well moderate rain and wind, has sufficient ventilation to keep it cool inside at relatively low ambient temperatures.
For four seasons such a tent, in addition to all the qualities inherent in a three-season, due to its more robust construction and material properties can withstand strong winds, heavy rain, hail and accumulation (sticking) of snow. In most cases there will be a two-layer inner tent + external tent, which prevents condensation from accumulating inside the tent.
How many people should she place, how much space will you need inside the tent?
Use the formula: a three-person tent for two people, a four-person tent for three, etc. In addition, there are tents for sale indicated in the characteristics as 2 + 1, 3 + 1, etc. This means that two (three) in it will be comfortable, and three (four) is quite acceptable. Thinking about capacity issues, one should not lose sight of the fact that, in addition to sleeping bags (sleeping places) for each, inside the tent, it is necessary to foresee the possibility of placing at least another bag, bags, etc. Otherwise, all this will have to be left outside. This question is somewhat simpler solved in tents equipped with one or two entrance vestibules, but if it does not have a solid floor, then your things there will be less protected from rainfall or small living creatures living in this area.
What weight of the tent do you think is acceptable for you and how much are you willing to sacrifice weight for the sake of convenience and comfort?
The degree to which your temporary home is equipped with additional amenities depends on the answer to this question, for example: vestibules, where you can leave dirty clothes and shoes, windows so that you can enjoy sunsets and sunrises, and finally, do you need a built-in floor in the tent or are you in able to do without him. The materials used in tents play a key role in their construction, weight and effectiveness..
For example, modern high-tech fabrics have less weight and greater water resistance, but at the same time are more prone to damage than for example the same heavier cordura, which provides better protection against piercing, abrasion or sparks of a fire. Weight issues in favor of efficiency can be neglected if the tent is transported exclusively in the car, if it is planned to be carried on itself, it makes sense to prefer a simpler tent without additional amenities, but from more high-tech materials, which ultimately will not reduce only weight, but also its volume when folded.
In addition, you may have to think and answer the following additional questions..
What scenario of tent application and in what situation do you expect?
In what area will it be installed?
How simple or complex should its installation be in terms of the amount of work or time spent?
The tent will be installed once for a long time or several times in one day?
For convenience, the strengths and weaknesses of each type of tent and tent are summarized in a common summary table..
|Type of shelter||Strengths||disadvantages||More suitable in cases|
|Dome tents|| If necessary, easily move or move to the side after installation.
Usually have a built-in floor.
There is no central rack, which adds to the overall comfort inside this type of tent..
Almost vertical walls make them more comfortable.
| May be difficult to install and require two or more people.
Low maintainability of broken frame racks in the field.
Ventilation is worse than in pyramidal tents.
Heavier and bulkier than similar pyramidal tents.
| When the large weight and volume of the folded tent is not a problem.
If you need maximum living space inside the tent.
|Pyramidal Tents|| Lighter weight compared to similar dome type.
Only one rack is needed for installation.
Best suited for any weather..
Provide good ventilation.
Large headroom adds comfort.
| The central stand can be inconvenient and reduce the comfort level inside the tent..
For installation, you need a more or less flat surface without slopes.
Requires a large installation area.
| When you expect to encounter very inclement or unpredictable weather.
When the height reserve inside the tent and its area are important for your comfort.
|Awning|| Many installation options.
Does not require a flat and even surface.
Light in weight and easy to install..
| More weather-proof use cases are difficult to install..
May leave you unprotected when the weather changes.
Requires a lot of pre-installation practice.
| If you need a one-stop solution for most situations or different locations.
If it is assumed that there is no flat surface, or in confined spaces.
Used materials from the American Survival Guide Magazine.