Inexperienced climbers usually make the same mistake. They rely too much on hand strength. Because of which, almost everyone, except the most physically strong, get tired very quickly. Regardless of whether you climb to the top of the mountain or climb the wall of the building, it will be easier for you if you become more active in using the powerful muscles of the legs and torso. Distribute all efforts so that the whole body is involved, and not one muscle group.
Climbing techniques are useful in critical and extreme conditions, climbing a narrow crevice and a ledge, a heel hook and holding on toes.
The key to a successful ascent is the natural, immediately with the whole body, movements characteristic of babies. To which they resort instinctively to get out of their beds and playpens. This property of them gradually disappears, and, as a result, the human body is unlearned to overcome obstacles in a natural way..
Climbing a narrow crevice, chimney, wedging.
The principle of climbing with the whole body is quite understandable. If it is about climbing through a chimney or narrow gutter. To overcome the chimney, you need to rest your back against one wall. And feet – to the other, the opposite. And so rise upward, moving for this purpose the emphasis from hand to foot and back. You can act a little differently. Give the body the position of the letter X. Then, moving the limbs one by one, like a crab, move up to rise.
Climbing on a ledge in one fell swoop.
To climb a ledge, first with the help of arms and legs you need to rise to the height of the chest relative to the level of the ledge. And then, with one leg lifted up, catch on the ledge with a heel, lean on and use your hands to move the body.
Heel Grip, Finger Retention and Grip Clamps.
With a steep climb, not necessarily the highest point of support for your body should be your hands. If within reach you can find a third point of contact, press your body as close to the wall as possible. Then, with a swoop, raise your leg to catch above the heel. Once you are in a stable position, free your hands and move them to the next point of contact.
When using your hand to grip, also apply the principle of involving the whole body. Instead of holding all the weight on your fingers, rest on your palms. This will allow you to distribute the weight over a greater number of points of contact. And do not forget that you can hold not only on horizontal ledges. In a critical and extreme situation, a vertical protrusion can be equally useful..
Based on the book Survival in the Wild and Extreme Situations. 100 key skills in the special services methodology.