Since ancient times, mankind has tried to combine the functions of weapons and tools in one thing. As a rule, it was an object with which it was possible to carry out chores and, if necessary, fight. Like an ax of universal type, ubiquitous in the Middle Ages.
Combination of weapons and tools in one subject, types and examples, some ancient and modern examples.
Separately, it is worth telling the cold weapons, which, according to the creators, was supposed to perform additional functions, usually not related to damage to the enemy. As an example, we can mention the stylet-type dagger, combined with a key for a wheeled rifle factory.
Another example of combining weapons and tools is the stiletto of Italian artillerymen of the 17th century – fusetto, with the scale for determining the caliber of the guns printed on it. True, in this case, the scale often served only as an excuse to circumvent the law on the prohibition of carrying weapons, referring to its “working” purpose.
Elements of the instrument, in particular a saw on the butt, were supplied with 19th-century European sapper hatchets. Subsequently, some bayonet type, and then army knives, were supplied with a saw first.
Often, a practical useful item was simply supplied with military elements, so that if necessary it could be used as a weapon. Sometimes the bipod of European muskets of the 17th century was subjected to such a modification, turning them into a blade or a pole weapon.
Speaking of weapons equipped with additional elements, we can recall the Indian Tomahawks. Most of the tomahawks purchased by the Indians had a special design and could be used as a pipe. In this case, the mouthpiece of the tube was at the end of the handle.
Another example of a weapon used for peaceful purposes is the Indian ceremonial saber, equipped with a bar for the hand at the top of the pommel. Noble Indian nobles relied on this elegant saber during long official receptions.
Other examples of combining weapons and tools in one subject.
Some types of working tools, if necessary, are easily converted into weapons. The universal knife of the igorot tribe, from the Philippines, has a hollow, round in cross-section handle, into which you can insert a shaft, thereby turning it into a spear. At the same time, an itopor-hoe of the same tribe was intended for combat and agricultural work..
The Polynesian shortweight possessed the original design, allowing them to fight like a club. The Indian ankh could also be used as a kind of slander – the elephant elephant.
Modern examples of combining weapons and tools in one subject.
The search for universal multifunctional weapons continued into the 20th century. As a rule, inventors tried to combine various items of army equipment into one. More often, such attempts led to a significant decrease in both the combat effectiveness of the subject and its working component.
Sometimes functional details appeared even on ceremonial weapons. So, the ceremonial dagger of the rank and file of the German Red Cross of 1938 had a saw on the butt and a flattened point of the blade, allowing it to be used as a screwdriver.
A characteristic representative of the family of multifunctional weapons can be considered a modern survival knife. As a rule, this is a large knife, with a traditional saw on the butt, equipped with a number of additional devices for survival in harsh environmental conditions. Knives with additional tools in the sheath appeared in the Middle Ages. In our time, the idea of a knife, which includes an emergency kit for survival, was first used by US Air Force pilots.
According to the plan, the pilot, hastily evacuating from a burning plane on the ground, does not have time to look for necessary things. The saw on the knife butt was intended for emergency opening of the aircraft skin.
The adaptations of the extremities of survival are usually found in the hollow twisting handle and in additional compartments of the scabbard. The standard set includes a compass, matches, fishing tackle, etc. As a rule, the survival knife is additionally equipped with a small skeletal type knife – a skinner. Specialists usually disagree on the practical benefits of such knives..
Based on the book Small Encyclopedia of Cold Steel.