Common pine or forest pine, Pinus silvestris, one of the most common coniferous trees in the northern hemisphere. This is an evergreen tree up to 40 meters high, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter. It is covered with reddish-brown, furrowed, exfoliating bark and grows mainly on sandy and loamy soils. Pine blossoms in May-June.
Common pine, forest pine, Pinus silvestris, general description, features of use in the treatment of diseases.
Pine is considered one of the most ancient medicinal plants. Mention of the use of various components of pine as medicines was found on clay tablets from the era of the ancient Sumerian state, whose age is more than five thousand years old. In folk medicine, pine needles, buds, cones and resin are used. Turpentine, pine tar, resin and rosin are obtained from pine and gum wood.
Pine buds are harvested in early spring, during the period of their swelling, needles year-round, however in winter it has the highest concentration of vitamin C, gum in spring, making cuts on the trunks. Leaking yellow resin is a mixture of resin and essential oil. At first it is liquid, but within a few days, due to the volatilization of the essential oil, it thickens into a white granular or yellowish crystalline mass.
infusions and tinctures as a cough suppressant, for inhalation in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, as an expectorant and anti-inflammatory agent for chronic bronchitis. In addition, in the decoction of pine kidneys are substances that have a disinfectant, antiviral and antimicrobial effect in pulmonary diseases. Due to the presence of essential oils in its composition, pine buds have diuretic and choleretic properties and can be used in the treatment of urolithiasis.
|Decoction||1 tablespoon (10 g) of kidneys per 0.25 liters. water.||Pour in hot water, keep on low heat for 30 minutes, cool and strain.||Take 1-2 tablespoon daily after meals as an expectorant and disinfectant for coughing.|
|Infusion||1 tablespoon (10 g) of kidneys per 0.25 liters. water.||Pour boiling water and insist in heat for 1 hour, strain.||Take 50-100 ml 2-3 times a day after meals with flu, acute respiratory infections, cough.|
|For inhalation||3 tablespoons (30 g) of kidneys per 0.5 l. water.||Pour boiling water in the kettle, heat for 3-4 minutes and remove from heat.||On a teapot spout put on a paper funnel and breathe hot steam, with inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.|
|Tincture||15 tablespoons (150 g) of kidneys per 0.5 l. 70% alcohol.||Insist for 14 days, strain.||Take a tablespoon 3 times a day for bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis.|
|Syrup||5 tablespoons (50 g) of kidneys per 0.5 l. water.||Pour boiling water, leave for 2 hours in a warm place, strain. Add 0.5 kg of sugar and boil until syrup. In strained syrup, you can add 50 g of honey for taste..||Take 5-6 tablespoons daily with cough.|
|Pine honey||1 part pine buds to 2 parts cold water.||Boil for 15-20 minutes, bring boiled water to its original volume, cool and strain. Add two parts of sugar and bring to a boil without stirring frequently. It is advisable to store in glass jars with a closed lid.||Take 1 tablespoon with milk or tea as a cough suppressant or to supplement the body’s need for vitamin C.|
Recipes for infusions and decoctions of pine needles.
Pine needles contain ascorbic and pantothenic acids, vitamins D, K, E, B2, P, carotene, essential oil, resins, tannins, anthocyanins (which accumulate more in winter and early spring), traces of alkaloids, phytoncides, mineral salts. Needles have anti-scaling, biostimulating and antimicrobial effects. The needles infusion is a valuable source of vitamin C and is used for the prevention and treatment of hypo and vitamin C diseases. The pine needles infusion has long been used for the prevention and treatment of scurvy, used to prepare medicinal baths that have a regulating effect on the function of the skin and central nervous system.
|Infusion cold way||4 cups (250 ml each) of fresh chopped needles per 1 liter of cold boiled water.||Pour with water and put in a dark place for 2-3 days, strain.||Drink 1-2 glasses a day after meals as a vitamin drink.|
|Infusion hot way||5 tablespoons of needles (50 g) per 0.5 l of boiling water (daily dose).||Pour with water, keep in a sealed container over low heat for 10 minutes, cool, let it brew for 2-3 hours, strain.||Drink as a vitamin drink during the day after meals.|
|Decoction||1 kg of fresh needles per 10 liters of water.||Pour in water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.||For foot baths for colds.|
Recipes of jam, tincture and tincture of pine cones.
|Pine cone jam||So that the water covers the cones by 1-1.5 cm.||Sort young pine cones, remove debris, wash. Pour into dishes and pour cold water. Cook by adding sugar (1 kg per liter), like ordinary jam, for at least one and a half hours, removing the resulting foam. Ready jam can be poured into hot jars.||It is used for bronchitis, asthma, tonsillitis and other diseases of the respiratory tract and throat. A good prophylactic for cleansing the airways and strengthening gums. It is especially recommended for exhaustion, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and with low hemoglobin.|
|Infusion||1 tablespoon (10 g) of dry crushed cones per 0.25 liters. warm boiled water.||Pour with water, insist 2 hours, strain.||Take 100 ml 3 times a day for heart pain.|
|Tincture||10 tablespoons (100 g) of dry crushed cones per 0.5 l. 70% alcohol.||Insist for at least 14 hours, strain.||Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day with water for hyperacid gastritis, peptic ulcer and respiratory diseases.|
Recipes for infusions and balls of pine resin (resin).
Zhivitsa pine contains essential oil and resin acids: dextropimaric, levopimaric, paleustrovy and abietic. It is used externally for sciatica, neuralgia, arthritis, rheumatism, polyarthritis. Traditional medicine recommends lubricating the pine gum with cracks on the lips and spreading it on the tissue to apply to the sore spots with furunculosis.
|Infusion||1 teaspoon (5 g) of resin in 0.25 liters water.||Insist at least 9 days in the sun.||Take 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day for diseases of the respiratory system, catarrh and ulcer.|
|Gum balls||In equal parts by weight, gum and sugar||Mix and roll pea-sized balls, dry.||Suck 1 ball 3 times a day after meals with a strong lingering cough.|
Contraindications for the use of pine parts.
Infusions, decoctions and tinctures of needles, kidneys, cones and pine resin should not be taken orally in the presence of inflammatory processes in the renal parenchyma (nephritis, etc.), during pregnancy, glomerulonephritis, hepatitis. In large doses, pine and its derivatives can cause inflammation of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, as well as headache, general malaise. For diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pine kidneys are best used as part of fees.