With a long stay in the extreme conditions of the autonomous existence of two or more people, sometimes complex relationships and conflict situations arise between them, associated with changes in psychological and adaptive transformations.
Conflict situations, ways and possibilities of their resolution in extreme conditions of autonomous existence.
In extreme conditions, some members of the group appear alienated from the general problems of the group. There is aversion and misunderstanding of actions aimed at salvation, a tendency to constant wrangling, disagreement with common tasks and common actions increases. Often because of this, the most acute conflict situations arise. Individual members of the group have an idea of the greater effectiveness of their individual ways out of the current extreme situation..
, rarely inflicts serious injuries on himself. Even falling to the ground, he or she will first choose a cleaner place and only then lie down. The danger is different. The sympathy of the audience inflames the excitement and brings it to such an extent that it becomes difficult for a person falling into hysteria to stop. During a hysterical seizure, unlike an epileptic one, the pupils necessarily respond to light, there is practically no arbitrary urination and tongue bites.
To stop the seizure, or rather, to stop the performance, is the easiest way, removing the audience or suddenly striking a person who has fallen into hysteria on the cheek, dousing with cold water or suddenly dropping something to the ground with a roar. Almost instantly, an instant reaction will occur: the person will startle, look around, and are unlikely to continue his presentation. Any conflict is dynamic in its development..
The following stages of development are observed in it: the emergence, awareness of the conflict situation, the manifestation of the conflict, the search for means to eliminate it and its attenuation (resolution). There are short-term, long-term and protracted conflicts or deadlocks. The duration of the conflict is associated with the inability or unwillingness of the conflicting parties to find a way out of this situation..
In this case, feelings of hostility and even clearly expressed hostility are born and strengthened, the parties turn into opponents. In an autonomous existence with an extreme situation, people who find themselves in such conditions do not always find ways and possibilities of conflict-free communication. It depends on a person’s life experience and level of culture..
It comes down, first of all, to the prevention of any conflict situation. The leader of the group or the one to whom this group has assigned this responsibility at a critical moment should foresee the possibility of conflict situations. It is necessary to try not to allow them, and in case of the slightest manifestation of hints of their occurrence, immediately take measures to eliminate such a situation.
If a conflict situation has arisen, the leader should take over the management of the conflict, if he has arisen in interpersonal relations and make an optimal decision to resolve it without prejudice to the pride of the conflicting parties. To overcome the interpersonal conflict, it is necessary, first of all, to realistically evaluate its essence and establish not only the immediate cause, but also its cause.
It should be borne in mind that the true cause of a conflict situation is often masked by its participants. It should be borne in mind that the contradictions that appear in the conflict can be both real and imaginary, and often its essence is not so significant. The resolution of the conflict is almost always complicated and even flares up with renewed vigor if one of the opposing parties is trying to resolve it..
If the parties to the conflict try in this way to decide how to act in a given situation and their views are directly opposite, then this fact already contains the assertion that the conflicting parties do not distinguish between goals (that is, the very fact of survival and salvation), but an interpretation of how this can be achieved. To resolve this conflict, it is necessary to show differences in understanding the approach to the same goal..
Often the emotions of the conflicting parties indicate the absence of serious arguments. Emotional tone in clarifying relationships almost always reduces the effect of influence on each other. To the essence of the main issue, around which the conflict flared up, personal antipathies, harshness, offensive words, threatening facial expressions and gestures, arrogant tone, contemptuous look are mixed in. The conflict leads to disruption of established relations, creates an intolerant atmosphere in the group and causes stressful conditions not only among the conflicting, but also among others.
Conflict Resolution Techniques.
There are several tactics for resolving conflicts. Escape from the conflict can be made by the leader by creating a conditionally critical situation in which urgent mobilization of the entire group is necessary. For example, a quick transfer of a camp site to a safer place, a forced march due to imminent danger, etc..
Other tactics may include smoothing out disputes, finding a compromise, creating a negotiation situation, identifying a zone of agreement, defining the boundaries of a conflict, and, finally, using coercion to end it. The tactics of conflict management are selected depending on its content and depth, as well as on the mental state of the conflicting parties.
The resolution of the conflict is possible only if the leader has an objective approach to his essence and each of the warring parties. E
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.