Crossbow trap refers to one of the types of traps shock-piercing type. The effectiveness of its application is very doubtful, and the trap itself is quite difficult to install and requires very fine tuning.
Crossbow trap, crossbow, shock-piercing traps for catching animals, manufacturing, installation and tuning of crossbow-type traps.
A crossbow trap is installed near the places of the alleged location (burrows) or the movement of small animals (badger, gilt, beaver, etc.), sometimes on large animals, which are rarely killed immediately, and for the most part injure and the animal leaves. Effective range of a crossbow trap up to 8-10 meters.
Crossbow Type Trap Bow.
The basis of the crossbow trap is a simple bow made from a suitable tree. Well-aged wood is more suitable for him. But in an emergency or extreme situation, most likely it will not come from where, so you will have to get by freshly cut. However, if you anticipate that in the event of an emergency you will have to spend several months, it will make sense to set aside suitable material for aging (atmospheric drying), then to use it later.
The disadvantage of freshly cut wood is that its initial elasticity is relatively short, so it will be logical to make several identical bows and when the one used in the crossbow trap starts to lose elasticity, replace it with another one. Determine the length of the onion in accordance with available material and common sense. A branch with a length of one meter and a thickness of 4-5 centimeters is quite suitable. It is possible to remove bark from it, but it is not advisable, first of all, in order to mask.
Bowbow Bow Crossbow Trap.
A bowstring is made of available material with sufficient tensile strength. This can be a strong thin rope, a nylon cord (paracord), thick fishing line twisted in 3-4 layers, a strip of leather, woven stems of old nettles, etc. Make notches for attaching the bowstring to the bow about 3-5 cm from its ends. Choose the length of the bowstring and fasten it on one end of the bow firmly, and on the other with a loop, so it will be easier to take it off when the crossbow trap is not used. Check if the bow is pulled too easily, then make the bowstring a little shorter.
Making an arrow for a crossbow trap.
For the manufacture of booms, any straight rod of suitable length and a thickness of 10-15 mm is suitable. Try to keep the arrow as straight as possible, checking straightness with a taut cord, and as smooth as possible. At one end of the boom, cut a depth of 5-6 mm. and width suitable for bowstring. To increase the stability of flight and the accuracy of hitting the boom, plumage can be made for it. However, this is not necessary, since the effective range of the crossbow trap does not exceed 8-10 meters.
Crossbow Trap Boom Tip.
A separate boom tip for this trap is optional. It will be quite simple to sharpen the arrow and give some hardness to its head by burning on fire.
Installation and configuration of a crossbow type trap.
The bow is fixed on a support or separately made racks so that the boom’s flight height is within the height (width) of the intended production and is aimed at a specific place. In general, it is advisable to make an impromptu target, the size of an animal on which a trap is placed, and direct the bow into it, and then check the correctness of the aiming with several shots. At the same time, carefully removing possible interference in the shelling sector. To the place where the crossbow trap is aimed, through the support system, a stretch is brought. The first stretch support is located not far from the trigger mechanism, as close as possible to the arrow-target line, in order to avoid false triggering of the trap if the animal touches the stretch, coming up to it from the other side.
Further, the stretch is established according to such a scheme, usually with the letter G or truncated P, which ensures the defeat of the animal coming to the trap from different directions. Directly on the boom or perpendicular to the boom on both sides. Then the trap is cocked using a system of levers. There are basically two methods for cocking a trap. The locking lever holds either a taut bow or a charged arrow. But there are many options for their execution, it all depends on the available knowledge, skills and experience.
For example, here are two options for holding a stretched bowstring, the first locking lever is tied to the stand, one end starts under the stretched bowstring, and the second is fixed by the trigger lever, tied to a stretch. The second option is attached to the string a piece of cord forming a loop, the locking lever is tied to the rack, one end is wound under this loop, and the second is fixed by the trigger lever, tied to a stretch.
If, in the cocked trap, it was decided to fix the charged arrow, and not the bowstring, then on the arrow it will be necessary to additionally make a triangular notch under the locking lever. And at the end of the lever itself there is a bevel under this recess. Carefully mask the trap during installation. Paint freshly cut wooden surfaces with dirt or dirt. Cover the streamer and its supports as naturally as possible with surrounding debris, etc. Shock-piercing traps require special care and caution in handling them. Since they can injure a person, inflict severe injuries on him or kill him. For safety reasons, after installation, mark them with signs that are visible and understandable to humans..