Crossing water through rivers and other water barriers on boats, kayaks and rafts, swimming across water barriers.

For crossing rivers or other water barriers, it is recommended to use boats and kayaks, if they are not there, then you will have to cross on makeshift rafts. 

Crossing water through rivers and other water barriers on boats, kayaks and rafts, crossing a river through water barriers.

Loading a boat or kayak should be uniform. Backpacks are stacked low in the middle. The members of the group should be placed so that the feed is below the bow. When crossing, observe safety rules. Crossing on makeshift rafts is possible if their sizes and carrying capacities correspond to the type and quality of different types of wood.

Wood species
Lifting power of 1 m2 of wood, in kg
Freshly chopped Dry
Poplar, cedar, fir, spruce 250 500
Pine, Aspen, Willow, Alder
200 450
Birch, larch, elm, chestnut 150 400
Oak, ash, maple, beech, hornbeam 300-200

Crossing on wooden boats is possible subject to the capacity requirements for such boats, shown in the table below.

Characteristics and capacity of wooden boats.

Length in m
Width in m Height in m
Capacity in m3
Weight in kg
Capacity (people)
7.3 1.8 0.8 6.3 600 22
6.7 1.7 0.75 5.1 525 eighteen
6.1 1.65 0.75 4.6 450 sixteen
5.5 1.65 0.68 3,7 400 12
4.9 1.65 0.68 3.3 340 eleven
4.3 1,5 0.6 2,3 275 8

For crossing, you can use air mattresses. Of the two interconnected mattresses and several sticks, a raft is bound for stiffness. The carrying capacity of such a raft is up to 150 kg. One end of the auxiliary rope is attached to the raft, the other is on the shore near the group that provides them with insurance.

or swim next to a horse, holding a stirrup with their hands. Before crossing the backpacks, the contents inside them must be transferred to a plastic liner. Crossing with a backpack is unacceptable.

Crossing rivers and other water barriers.

This type of crossing in mountain taiga hiking is rarely used due to low water temperature, strong currents, cluttered river bed – when it is impossible to use other types of crossings, for example, rafting. Water barriers can be overcome by swimming, those who know how to swim well and with the use of swimming equipment at a flow speed of up to 3 m / s. The current is considered weak – up to 0.5, medium – from 0.5 to 1, fast – from 1 to 2 and very fast – over 2 m / s. It’s possible to cross the river without difficulty for a person at a speed of up to 1 m / s and a river width of 60 meters. Riding horses – up to 2 m / s and river width up to 300 meters.

For cross-country swimming use this method.

One of the participants in the campaign, having tied up with an auxiliary rope, crosses by swimming, pulls the main rope with the help of an auxiliary and fixes it on the opposite bank. The remaining tourists pull and fasten the rope (cable) on their shore. Then you should transport people and backpacks in one of the acceptable ways for this site..

The main requirements of this type of crossing are as follows.

The first ferry must swim well, be physically strong, as he will have to spend a lot of effort in overcoming the flow and resistance of the safety rope.
Need to organize a post downstream interception.
Tourists who are not involved in insurance should be prepared to help if someone blows.

You can overcome the water barrier by swimming with a backpack. To do this, the contents of the backpack are placed in a plastic bag, firmly tied and tightened by the straps of the backpack. A tourist, holding a backpack with one hand, and raking with the other, crosses to the opposite shore.

When crossing the water, the following basic safety rules must be observed.

Crossing in stormy weather is prohibited.
It is necessary not to overload the vessel with people and cargo.
When crossing rafts, mattresses, a catamaran, a salik, first check the connection and load-bearing capacity, set up interception posts downstream.
Cross the horse only one at a time.
Only good swimmers can use the way to overcome the river with the horses..

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