So, you are sitting relaxed in an armchair in a movie theater or at a concert, and suddenly an emergency occurs. That same external factor. Fire, explosion, armed aggression of a group of terrorists or just screams of fire, explosion or aggression. People in the auditorium were dumbfounded at first, then moved, swayed towards the exits, creating the prerequisites for a crush and crush.
Crowd in an enclosed space, recommendations for behavior in a crush and crush in crowded places.
The rear ones, fearing to be farthest from the saving door and closest to danger (which they often don’t even see), pressed the front ones. The front ones ran into the walls, a crush and crush formed. The word is what an exact crush. Neither add nor decrease. You are, of course, confused and afraid too sudden was the transition from relaxation to threat. I really want to jump in and run along with everyone, no matter where, if only from here. And here you are wrong. It’s very important where, and more importantly, when.
and remember the norms of universal morality, they did not use elbows and fists. Then this morality will be crushed, crushed and trampled by thousands of feet. Your main task is not to be in the rising tidal wave. If you do not have time to get into the front ranks of running people and if there is no obvious danger, try to wait until the main stream of those fleeing subsides. I understand that it’s hard not to succumb to the general panic. How is it that everyone is running, and you are waiting for something. It’s a shame! Still try to subdue your fear.
In a huge number of cases, a crush of a mass of people in narrow aisles is much more dangerous than the threat itself, which caused panic. Only in one case does it make sense to endanger your life by rushing into a panicking crowd in a rapidly spreading fire. Before throwing, get rid of all those who can hurt you and those around you with piercing, cutting, glass and just bulky objects that protrude from your pockets. As many cases as possible when the victims were cut up with their own keys or scissors sticking out of a cosmetic bag.
Imagine for a second what will happen to your ribs if you push your puffy notebook or wallet into them with tremendous force. The uniform pressure of the bone can withstand at least, but the point is not always. And if between the same ribs a ballpoint pen that has risen across, like a dagger, enters the body? In short, do not be greedy, you throw things away, in extreme cases, remember where you left them, then when everything is complete, you will return and find it. Take off your glasses if you do not want them to be pressed into your eyes. Remove the earrings, they will still be torn out in the general hustle, but already with the ears.
Get rid of bulky, long, too loose, replete with protruding, clinging to anything hooks, buttons, ties, etc. clothes. Be sure to remove ties, scarves, decorative scarves, chains, beads, crosses, worn on a strong chain, from the neck. Such items of your wardrobe in the crowd and flea market become deadly. It is enough to cling to them for some fixed object or a loved one, so that they play the role of an instantly tightened throat stranglehold.
You can hardly pull your hands out of the pressed mass of people to weaken the pressure of the loop. And even more so, you will not be able to slow down the movement of this crowd in a flea market in order to remove a scarf from a random nail on the wall. Tie shoe laces dead. This, rushing to the door attack, usually everyone forgets. Don’t knit dead knots on a bow! If someone in the mass of people steps on your lace, you can fall, and this is guaranteed death. And, of course, throw off your shoulder bags.
You must also enter the crowd wisely. It is well known that the most dangerous place in the crowd and flea market, leaving the building through narrow doors with an edge. People who are in a flea market are sometimes just literally smeared on the walls and doorposts. Any protrusion, socket, switch, random screw or nail can cut a person being dragged along the wall, no worse than a gangster knife. Therefore, the main task of a person pouring into a crowd in a flea market is to get as far away from its edge as possible.
This can be done either by returning a little back, where it is more sparse to get into one of the central jets, or “go over the heads”. Alas, no matter how immoral this advice is, from the point of view of physical survival it is completely true. The most free space in the compressed crowd, crush and crush, naturally above. And people in the crowd are so squeezed, so rubbed against each other, that it’s possible to walk along them, on their shoulders and heads, like, excuse me, along a cobblestone pavement at full height. And there are supporting examples.
Of course, I do not call to stomp other people’s heads with heels, but I advise you to “lie down” to the crowd. To do this, you need to jump to the extreme ranks and crawl in a slap-like way or crawl to the place you have chosen, and there you will already be screwed into the mass of people. And if it doesn’t work out, then sail on other people’s heads further. The only thing I do not promise you is that you will not be disturbed from below by blows, jerks or tweaks. But it can be endured, it is not as deadly as rubbing against walls. Especially this technique can be recommended in cases when you have a young child in your arms.
Dragging him into the crowd means putting his life in mortal danger. Children’s ribs are not able to withstand such a load as adults, and with strong shocks they can break, which, under conditions of general compression, leads to crushing of the skeleton of the lungs not protected by the bones and the inability to take the next breath. It is just as dangerous for the child, because of his small stature, to be downstairs, on the floor, where maybe a little more free, but it is very easy to get under the heels of thousands of feet walking past. The safest place over your heads. There are cases when mothers simply threw their children over the crowd and thereby saved them from death.
Sometimes parents sit the child on their shoulders and in this position pour into the human stream. In a gradually hardening, stony crowd, when the path to the top is closed, parents should try to turn their faces against each other and bent at each other with elbows and hands pressed to the body, to place the child among themselves. The mother’s classic and beloved by painters, photographers and filmmakers pose, her mother clutching and covering her child from danger, is useless and even dangerous in the crowd and flea market. The mother does not have the strength to restrain her hands with the pressure of people pushing from all sides, no matter how hard she tries.
Hands, and the whole body, should be sought to be used in such a way that, taking the pressure of people on themselves, to form a relatively safe niche for your child. It is not necessary to grasp the child, thereby effectively losing the opportunity to use the hands pressed to his body, and to put the hands forward, wedging them between people standing behind and in front. The bones in the longitudinal axis are much stronger than in the transverse. This should be used. Have time to complete all the preparatory actions: protect children, take the most secure position, get rid of dangerous things, etc. in advance.
Do not let the initial sparseness of the human stream mislead you. As you approach the exit door, the pressure (due to the funnel effect) will increase. And when you catch it, it will be late, your hands will be tightly pressed to the body. Everything that you can do to save the crowd, you must do before it is “pressed”. If you find yourself in the front ranks of people running away, try, until the crowd has arrived, to open the second, if it is locked, the door shutter. Then it will make it harder.
And still the best way to avoid possible death in the crowd running out of the room and the crush and crush created is not to get into it. To do this, do not be lazy, while in a cinema, a sports palace or in a stadium, to outline in advance the ways of a possible departure. I do not urge you to study emergency evacuation schemes that are usually hung out in prominent places on the walls (although it would be very good, for this they hang so that they look at them), but at least pay attention to the doors that you meet on the way, over which they hang “Emergency exit” sign or red lamp illuminated.
It is noticed that in case of danger most people try to get out in the same way that they came. As a result, a crush is formed at the entrance doors, while the approaches to the spare are quite free. If you know in advance where they are located, you do not have to push your elbows, protecting your right to life with inhuman methods. This is one of the most important rules of survival, which says: going somewhere, think about how you will get out of there. It directly concerns both climbers storming a high-altitude peak and ordinary mortal people who have gone to the cinema for a couple of hours to watch a new film. The rules of survival do not depend on the place of action.
In milder cases of unorganized shocks that can occur in crowded places at concerts, circus performances, sports and the like, for safety reasons, especially if you are with children, you should avoid spaces near the stage where art fans can arrange spontaneous crush, approaches to wardrobes, where the races, one after another, rush after the presentation of a crowd of spectators, front doors, close stops of public transport. It’s better to go outside and get on the bus a little later, but to the whole, than in the front rows, but with a spoiled mood and appearance.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.