Under the name dagger, in this case we will call the ceremonial short-bladed edged weapon that appeared in Europe at the end of the 18th century. Initially, the dagger was called a short saber – cleaver. Dirks were popular as a hunting and civilian weapon, and also among sailors as an effective weapon for boarding..
Dagger, the history of the appearance, development and distribution, daggers as an element of the ceremonial military uniform.
The tactics of naval battles changed significantly in the second half of the 18th century. Boarding was used less and less and marine artillery duel between ships came to the fore. The dagger gradually turned from a military weapon into a formal cold weapon, while it significantly decreased in size, making it easier to wear.
Over time, in their design, the daggers came closer to the daggers. Daggers as an official ceremonial weapon first appeared in England as an indispensable element in the form of naval officers. As a rule, sea daggers were decorated with various marine symbols – anchors, tridents of Neptune and so on. As finishing materials, silver and gilding were very often used..
Subsequently, the fashion for wearing daggers spread throughout Europe. Dirks began to be worn not only by sailors, but also by representatives of other civilian professions in the public service – engineers, firefighters, diplomats, officials of various departments and others.
In the 20th century, ceremonial cold weapons, including short-bladed weapons, were still widespread. A particularly rich variety of different types of daggers was observed in Nazi Germany.
A large number of military, political and civilian organizations, which at that time included almost the entire population of Germany, led to the widespread proliferation of formal cold steel. Each of these organizations had its own, original type of short-bladed weapon, including various daggers.
Today, a dagger as a ceremonial weapon and an indispensable element of a ceremonial military uniform is found in many countries. It is used mainly by naval officers, but there are samples of daggers, which are intended for other military branches and services. In addition, as a parade attribute, the dagger is used by representatives of some civilian professions..
Based on the book Small Encyclopedia of Cold Steel.