Once paired, the skin should be degreased immediately. To do this, pieces of muscle are removed from the mezra, as well as films and fat, which always remain after shooting the skin. If you do not degrease, then the removed skin will quickly deteriorate. Especially when stored in a warm place.
Degreasing skins, dressing and drying skins, procedure and sequence of work.
It is better to start degreasing with cleaning with a blunt scraper (knife, staple, etc.). You can work with a sharpened tool – cutting strips of fat and the remains of subcutaneous muscles from the mezra. However, in this case, the risk of spoiling the skin with cuts increases. Therefore, degreasing skins must be done carefully and very carefully..
A knife with a straight, stiff blade, which in operation should be kept at an angle of 45 degrees to the surface of the mezra, is most suitable for such work. Large skins are degreased with a large scraper or even a scythe, after which they wipe the mezra with a clean rag.
On the skins of animals of different species, degreasing is carried out using various devices. So, for example, for skins removed with a stocking, wooden cone-shaped blanks are used, and for skins removed with a carpet, board, deck or frame.
They put on the skin on these devices and use a knife to clear off everything unnecessary. The skin should be pulled so that it fits tightly around the tree without forming folds, but it is not stretched. And so that it does not slip, hold the edge of the rump with your left hand.
Cleansing the Mezra by Degreasing Skinned.
It is impossible to clear fat from fat in the direction from the head to the rump. In this case, the knife slides against the direction of the hair roots, bullying and cutting, resulting in a draft – a draft. That is, hair begins to fall out. After the fat is degreased, holes must be sewn on it. Then the skin is to be dried.
Dressing and drying the skins after degreasing.
Dressing and drying of the skin are carried out in order to give it a shape that meets the requirements of the standard, as well as to prevent rotting. For this, the skin is pulled by a guide and dried at a temperature of no higher than 35 degrees. At higher temperatures, the mezra becomes brittle. It is also impossible to dry the skins in the cold, because from the cold the skins loosen and become less durable.
The skins of squirrel, hare, column, ermine, white ermine are dried out with mazra. With the hair outside, it is necessary to dry the skins of the fox, wolf, arctic fox, bear, badger, marten, black polecat, mink, sable, wolverine, lynx, otter.
The rules for drying skins are fork, board, wire, sliding, frame, etc. The simplest rule is a wedge-shaped board. Choose the rule for drying the skins of one or another animal according to its size and type.
The skin worn on the rule should first be straightened so that it is placed symmetrically. That is, so that the ridge, ears, eyes and tail are on one side of the rule, and the mouth and paws are on the other. There should be no wrinkles on the skin. To do this, they gently pull it on the rule and fasten it with nails.
After the skin dries, it is removed from the rule and again wiped with a clean rag. If the hair at the cut line is greasy, it is wiped with sawdust dipped in gasoline. This completes the process of primary processing of the skin.
Based on the materials of the book “Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Production and repair “.