Despite the variety of hunting munitions offered in specialized stores, many hunters with experience use devices for self-equipment of hunting cartridges. This is primarily due to the fact that it is not always possible to obtain the necessary results from the cartridges of factory equipment.
Say, we need a cartridge with a spreading battle for short-range shooting or, conversely, for a particularly heap long-range shot. It is worth equipping cartridges for the most responsible hunts. It is from competently and reliably equipped cartridges that the success of hunting ultimately depends.
For independent equipment of hunting cartridges it is necessary to have everything – cartridges, capsules “centrifugal” or “chewed”, gunpowder, shot, buckshot or bullets, powder, shot and laying wads and special equipment.
First of all, this is a cup scale with a set of weights from 0.01 to 20 grams, measurements, any device for capsule shells (UPS, Barclay, Diana, KGP), a dispenser for measuring gunpowder and shot (makes it easier to work with large equipment batches of cartridges), calibration rings for crimping paper and metal sleeves.
Even if you use a universal device for ammunition of cartridges (UPS) for rolling the barrel of paper and plastic sleeves, it is worth having hand and table spins on hand as well. Moreover, it is desirable to have devices of two types, providing both rolling of the barrel dule in the usual way, and pressing with an asterisk.
Devices, devices and tools for independent equipment of hunting cartridges, sets for equipment of cartridges of UPS, Barclay, Diana, KGP.
The Diana instrument kit includes a metal cylinder, a metal plate, a metal funnel, two steel rods, a wooden bail, a wooden stand for a sleeve and a small wooden hammer. Steel rods serve to knock out used capsules.
A rod with a thin pointed end – for a “centrifugal” of metal sleeves, a rod with a blunt end – for capsules of both types of paper sleeves. A metal funnel is put on the sleeve of the cartridge case when sending a wad caliber in excess of the caliber of the cartridge. The KGP device with some design differences is generally similar to the Diana device.
The set of the device Diana for independent equipment of hunting cartridges.
Barclay device for independent equipment of hunting cartridges.
The Barclay device is used to perform the same operations that are performed by the Diana device, but it is noticeably different in design. Its basis is a metal body of a cylindrical shape with an inner diameter corresponding to the caliber of an weapon.
On the one hand, the cylinder is expanded in the form of a funnel; on the other hand, a handle-lever is attached to it for pressing capsules. In the internal channel of the housing, leaf springs are fixed, forming a cone-shaped guide channel for wad.
In addition to the case, the device comes with a wooden stand for a sleeve and a headpiece having a wooden handle and a metal working part with a screw-off tip. The tip covers the needle to knock out the central battle capsules. In the original version, the Barclay device was adapted only for working with metal sleeves, but was further modified.
Various devices allow to equip cartridges of any caliber and in any shells with this device. Using the working principle of Barclay, the designers created a number of other devices, for example, Zaporozhye, which make it possible to work even more efficiently. All these devices are used to this day, but are used less and less, since with the advent of the universal device A.M. Sidorenko (UPS), hunters began to use it mainly.
The UPS-5 device for independent equipment of hunting cartridges.
The UPS-5 device makes it possible to insert (press-in) capsules of any kind both in paper (plastic) and metal sleeves, remove capsules of all types from spent sleeves, insert wads using a pestle and funnel, and press-fit the paper (plastic) sleeve “star”.
The basis of the UPS device for independent equipment of hunting cartridges is a hand press, consisting of a base, a stand, a T-shaped pressure spring-loaded from the bottom and sliding on the rack, and a lever handle with a roller. In addition, a funnel and a bushing, as well as a sleeve and a die for mounting sleeves with an asterisk, are included in the kit.
Pressing and removing the capsules is carried out with the support cone installed. Different operations involve the use of different nozzles, as well as one or another side of the T-shaped oppressor. Pressing in the sleeves with an asterisk is carried out with the support cone removed in two steps. First, the sleeve of the sleeve is crimped onto the cone using a sleeve worn on the sleeve, and then the die is installed in the sleeve and the sleeve is finally sealed.
Navigator (pestle), a device used to send cardboard laying to gunpowder and wad to laying.
Navigator is a very important tool for equipping ammunition, as chewing has a great influence on the quality of the shot. The quality of the equipped cartridge depends on the correct size and shape of the part that sends wads, and the convenience, performance and productivity of the handle depend on the shape, size and configuration of the handle..
The navigator is included in the UPS, Barclay, and Diana instrumentation set, but it is better to have two navigators per caliber. In addition, hunters often prefer home-made navigators. The application to the navigator of the risks corresponding to the normal level of powder in the sleeve allows you to notice an error when loading cartridges.
Scales with weights for independent equipment of hunting cartridges.
Scales with weights are a necessary tool for independent equipment of hunting cartridges. They are needed for weighing charges of gunpowder, shells of shot and buckshot, checking the mass of bullets and wads. Commercially available scales have one significant drawback. The shape of the cups does not allow confidently pouring powder or shot out of them into the sleeve. Therefore, you have to use improvised means, for example a piece of paper placed in a cup when weighing gunpowder, funnel, etc..
It is best to replace one of the cups with an equal mass, but having a spout through which it is convenient to pour out both gunpowder and shot. Before operation, the balance must be checked. Empty cups should be in balance. It is inconvenient to use the scales to weigh the powder and shotgun when equipping large batches of cartridges, therefore, in such cases, use measures for gunpowder and shots, as well as dispensers that are mounted on the edge of the table.
Spins and press for self-equipment of hunting cartridges.
When equipping cartridges in folder and plastic sleeves, twists are used. They serve to fix the shotgun or bullet by rolling the free edge of the barrel of the barrel. Spins are manual or desktop. Table twists are more convenient and productive. Rolling the free edge of the dule with their use is usually cleaner. In addition to spins, a special press is used to secure the projectile in a paper or plastic sleeve, which press-fit the sleeve with an asterisk.
This operation, as mentioned above, can also be performed using the UPS device. The productivity of the press is lower than that of the table spin, in addition, after pressing the liner, it is often necessary to additionally pass it through the spin. The cartridges pressed by an asterisk, however, have advantages. Spin quality is important for shot performance.
Calibration rings for self-equipment of hunting cartridges.
For calibration of sleeves, special calibration rings are used for working with metal and paper sleeves. Calibration of metal sleeves is carried out before the equipment of cartridges, folder and plastic – after twisting or pressing.
Based on materials from the book Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Manufacture and repair.