Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

In addition to fishing rods, there are other tools for fishing. Donka-zakidushka is probably the easiest fishing tackle. At the end of a 20 40 meter fishing line, a 20 60 gram weight sinker is tied, and above 2-3 short leashes (preferably made of thin metal wire) with hooks. 

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zherlitsa, kerchief and a lap-dog for fishing in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing tackle.

A donut (worms, crawls, fry, etc.) is planted on the hooks of the donka, after which the donka is thrown away from the shore, into pits, whirlpools and attached to a peg driven into the shore or bottom. To notice the bite, you can attach a gatehouse (stick, etc.) to the fishing line, the fluctuations of which signal a fish caught. Sometimes donka is left overnight and checked in the morning (Fig. 1).

, on which various bait is planted. Samodur is used for fishing with a boat, a raft, stationary or at a low speed..

A similar tyranny used without bait, fishermen call a bite. The fish catch fish from boats, bridges, trees hanging over the water or on the rifts during spawning or mass passage of fish. Instead of single hooks, doubles and tees are used. The tackle is thrown into the water and jerked periodically so that the hooks catch on the fish passing by. The little frogs are purely poaching equipment that cripples ten per fish caught. And therefore it can be used only in emergency conditions.

Emergency Survival Fishing Circle.

A fishing line with a diameter of 0.4-0.5 mm is wound around the melt, in the groove, which is fixed on the rod, and partly lowered with a sinker and hook (usually used a tee). in water. A live bait or a fry is mounted on the hook. A biting fish flips a circle, tears off and unwinds a fishing line, gradually becoming exhausted. Mugs are usually placed in bodies of water with stagnant water or slow flow (Fig. 2).

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

A more primitive circle can be made from a tin can better from under condensed milk or juice. Two small holes are punched in the can through which the contents are removed. After that, the holes are closed with wooden corks and covered with resin or molten polyethylene over a fire. On top of the can, a line is wound round to round and secured with an elastic band or in another way. A sinker and a bait hook are attached to the fishing line. A biting fish unwinds a fishing line from a can until it is exhausted (Fig. 3). You can also make a circle from a narrow plastic reel, on which fishing line is usually sold in stores, by passing a slightly ordinary balloon (condom) into its central hole and inflating it. The coil will appear to be sandwiched between two inflatable floats. It is wound on a reel and fixed in a cut line with a hook. Tackle is lowered into the water (Fig. 4).

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

Approach (tyukalka) for fishing during survival in an emergency.

The stretched fishing line must be constantly twitched so that the bait jumps above the surface of the water, often touching it. This simulates the flight of an insect.

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

The fish caught on the hook is pulled by fishermen to any coast (Fig. 5). In the same way, you can catch chubs, ides with a fishing rod without a float and sinker. To do this, the bait, mounted on a hook, is thrown into the water and freely rafted downstream. If the nozzle is sinking, then the fishing line at the hook must be waxed or a piece of foam, the bark of a tree, should be attached to the forearm of the hook. When fishing with a subsurface, you must remember that the chub is a very careful fish, and if you see or hear the fisherman, you won’t.

Emergency Survival Fishing Box.

Zherlitsa is used for catching predatory fish. A long fishing line is wound crosswise on a bifurcated branch (slingshot), to the end of which 2 3 triple or double hooks are tied. The ends of the slingshot are slightly split with a knife, and a fishing line is inserted into the slot. A zherlitsa is tied to an inclined pole stuck in the shore, to the bottom of a reservoir or to branches of a bush hanging over the water.

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

A hook with live bait or bait is lowered into the water to about the middle of the depth of the pond and left for a long time, most often all night. The fish, having swallowed the nozzle, pulls out the fishing line clipped in the slingshot, gradually unwinds it in full length and, thanks to this, does not break. Typically, a ventilator is installed in shallow places of a reservoir near the aquatic vegetation of grass, reeds (Fig. 6).

Fishing Survival Boat Survival.

Fishing with the help of a boat, or, as it is also called, torpedoes, a water snake, etc., is practiced on rivers with a weak and medium flow for catching large fish that is kept far from the fisherman, and it is difficult to throw a nozzle into this place in other ways.

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

Essentially, a boat is an aquatic species of kite. A ship is made of a dry board or piece of plywood 40-50 cm long, 20 cm wide and 1 1.5 cm thick, on the lower edge of which a load is fixed in the form of a lead plate, a piece of iron rod or any other suitable material. The weight of the cargo is selected so that the board is immersed in water for two-thirds of its area. In the upper and lower corners of the bow of the boat and in the middle of the stern of the hole are drilled, designed to attach the gear to the main fishing line. Moreover, the leashes attached to the nasal openings have the same and necessarily shorter length than the feed leash. The speed of removal of the boat from the coast depends on the ratio of the length of the bow and stern leashes.

The feed leash is attached to the main fishing line with a clamp made of a branch split at the end, wrapped for more fixation with several layers of thread. Fish fishing is carried out using fishing line with 2 3 hooks with a diameter of 0.25 0.3 mm, tied to the feed hole and freely lowered into the water. The thickness of the main fishing line for rivers with a weak current should be 0.4 0.5 mm, with a strong current of 0.7 mm (Fig. 7). The sailing board of the boat is carried by a stream in the middle of the river to the place chosen by the fisherman. After the fish is hooked, it is necessary to pull sharply on the main fishing line, the feed leash will jump out of the clamp and the tackle can be pulled ashore with prey.

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

For rivers with a fast current, where the boat often breaks or turns, it is better to use its more simplified model, which has the shape of a trapezoid bar, tapering to the bow and weighted below. Leashes in this case are attached to the bow and stern and to the main fishing line. Leashes with hooks are also attached to the main fishing line..

Sailing boat for fishing.

The sailing boat, with the help of which they fish in calm ponds, is shown in Fig. 8. Such a boat descends from the leeward to the water and is led to the right place. You can control it with two fishing lines stretched in different directions or with the help of an improvised rudder mounted on the stern of the boat, from which two fishing lines are pulled to the shore.

Emergency Survival Headscarf.

A kerchief for fishing is a small, triangular or square-shaped coarse-mesh net made of thin fishing line, to the lower edge of which a metal weighting rod is attached, thanks to which it straightens in water. In emergency conditions, the rod can be replaced with a tree branch weighted with several stones. Every 10 to 15 minutes, the kerchief rises from the water, and entangled fish is pulled out. If to the top of the kerchief, through small leashes, attach floats cut from the bark of a tree, then the fish can be caught by their movement on the surface of the water (Fig. 9).

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

Malyavnitsa, or emergency survival helicopter.

Malyavnitsa or helicopter for fishing is a kind of water net large up to 1.5 meters in size. It consists of a strong rod and a small square mesh of square or round shape suspended under it, straightened with the help of a skeleton. If it is a round frame bent from one flexible branch, then the network inside it is stretched with the help of numerous rope braces (Fig. 10).

Donka zakidushka, tyrant, circle, zerzalka, kerchief and a lumberjack for fishing during survival in an emergency, the manufacture and use of fishing equipment.

A square frame can be two elastic branches, bent in the middle and attached to the corners of the network, to which, at the place of their crosshairs, a traction rope is tied. The bait is attached to the center of the Malyavitsa, after which it is lowered into the water to a depth of 1.5–4 meters and after a while it rises quickly. Typically, the pitcher is used by fishermen to catch small fish intended for bait. But if the size of the Malyavnitsa is increased to 1.5-2 meters or more, then its catchability will increase accordingly. In addition, from a large number of small fish in an emergency, you can cook the ear no worse than from one large.

Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.
Andrey Ilyichev.

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