hides, dressing and dyeing of furs, the basics of designing and modeling fur clothes. It tells about simple and complex methods of cutting, restoring products from fur, and also gives an overview of the most popular furs.
The independent manufacture of fur products must be approached seriously and competently. To do this, you need to arm yourself with certain knowledge. First of all, decide what you want to sew (a fur coat, jacket, hat), for what, for what purpose (to warm up, change your wardrobe, remake old things) and from which fur (rabbit, mink, chinchilla). Having decided, you can begin to master special knowledge.
The value of fur is determined by the thickness of the hairline, its height, softness, and the presence of shine. By weight, fur is divided into heavy – wolf, raccoon dog, otter, beaver, arctic fox, sable, astrakhan. Moderate severity – mink, rabbit, nutria, muskrat, protein, and ferret. Very light – a hamster, ground squirrel, hare. The weight of the product also depends on the dressing of the skin – the better the dressing, the easier it is.
In terms of heat resistance, fur can be arranged in the following order: arctic fox, deer, raccoon dog, fox, wolf, hare, marten, sable, mink, columns, astrakhan. Poorly warms the fur of a sheared rabbit, goat, groundhog, ermine. And, practically, the hamster and gopher’s fur doesn’t warm at all.
Fur products are durable goods. They are subject to moral and physical wear and tear. So, the average terms of their operation, taken according to physical wear and tear, make up for hats – 3-6 years, coat – 5-8 years. The wear resistance of fur products to a greater extent depends on the type of fur from which they are made and the method of processing.
Comparative wear resistance of various types of fur in points and approximate terms of wearing various furs in seasons.
The wear of fur products is largely dependent on the finish of the skins. So, dyed furs wear out about 10-20% more intensively than unpainted (natural) ones. Apparently, this is due to the fact that when dyeing hair it becomes more rigid, loses elasticity and breaks faster when worn.
Grooming long-haired types of fur (sheepskin, rabbit, fox, etc.) increases their wear. Sheared fur retains an attractive appearance for longer and does not linger. The wear resistance of sheared fur is higher than unshaved by 20-40%.
The skins of fur-bearing animals must be suitably processed in order to be soft and easily bent. Fur animals in cold climates have long, shiny bristles and thin skin. In warmer climates, the pile is shorter, stiffer and less thick, and the skin is thicker..
The quality of the pile of fur-bearing animals of the North depends on the duration of daylight hours. With the onset of severe cold weather, the fur becomes thicker, sparkling and reaches the highest quality. In summer, when there is no need for thick fur, the pile of the animal begins to fall out, becomes dull, and the skin is rough.
In late summer, when subcutaneous fat is negligible, the skin of the animal acquires a bluish tint. Fur skins of this period are called “blue skins”. With the onset of low temperatures, the bluish color gradually disappears, the skin becomes clean, whitish and soft. In summer, the outer and protective pile contain more pigment; at the end of winter and spring, the fur has a lighter color.
The content of the book Dressing and sewing fur at home.
General information on fur products.
Characteristics of fur skins.
Hair and skin tissue.
Fur and fur raw materials.
Topography and classification of fur hides by size.
Topography of fur skins.
Group of large skins.
Groups of medium sized skins.
A group of small-sized skins.
Defects of raw materials and fur skins.
Equipment and necessary tools.
Dressing fur at home.
Coloring fur at home.
Dyeing with natural dyes.
Vintage recipes for coloring furs.
Preparation of hides for cutting.
Skinning sequence before cutting.
Cut fur skins.
Methods for cutting large skins.
Features of cutting skins of medium and small sizes.
Simple cutting techniques.
Sophisticated cutting techniques.
Tailoring of fur products.
Designing women’s fur clothing.
Building the base drawing of the mill.
Two-seam set-in sleeve.
One-seam set-in sleeve.
Build a coat with a raglan sleeve on the basis of a set-in.
Build-in raglan sleeves based on the set-in.
Transferring the upper tuck of the shelf.
Cutting and assembly of fur products.
Skins of a ferret.
Sheepskin and lambskin.
Ground squirrel skins.
The skin of a fox and a fox.
Skins of astrakhan.
Cut and tailoring children’s fur products.
Making tailor made baby rabbit coats.
Making the skirts of children’s sheepskin coats.
The sequence of sewing fur clothes.
Joining the product with cushioning fabric.
Attaching side gasket and edge.
Side and Clasp Handling.
Sewing tucks and seams.
Making and suturing collars.
Handling and tapping.
Lining to top.
Defects of fur clothes and their elimination.
Causes of defects.
Prevention and elimination of defects.
Making collars and hats.
Fashionable fur accessories.
Restoration and care of fur products.
The electronic version of this book was created for review only on the local computer. By downloading the file, you take full responsibility for its further use and distribution. By downloading the book, you agree to these statements.
The implementation of this e-book for profit is illegal and prohibited. For questions about purchasing this book, contact the legal publishers or their representatives directly..