When I talk about how, after the birth of my son, I took the placenta home and the next day brought it to the table in the form of a paste from his flesh, the listeners either simply do not believe, or start back in horror as if from a cannibal. In my dictionary, this word is interpreted as a person who eats human meat and an animal that eats individuals of its own kind.
Eating human flesh, cannibalism, placenta pie recipe. Extreme cuisine.
I believe that formally I can be called a cannibal, but I feel a huge difference between my own situation and historical examples of cannibalism involving natives with nasal bones who cooked unfortunate missionaries and white hunters in cauldrons.
, baking long bones, crushing small bones and then putting it all in pots for cooking over a fire with constant stirring.
The research started by White was continued in 2000 by Richard Marlar, a pathologist at the University of Colorado, who announced in Nature magazine that he had found tools for cutting meat with traces of human blood. As well as disparate split human bones with signs of their processing by these tools. In addition, the remains of human myoglobin were present on the walls of the pot for cooking, as well as in human coprolite, ancient feces. The eating of human flesh has continued for centuries.
So, in China, starting from the era of the Tang dynasty and especially during the reign of the Ming and Qing dynasties (in total from the 7th to the 18th century), when the dying parent was no longer helped by the usual medicines, the daughter or daughter-in-law (less often the son) was cut off from her own hips a piece of flesh and cooked from it a broth that was given to drink to the dying. Despite the facts, people believed in the possibility of miraculous healing. The use of human flesh as a medicine in Chinese literature is called Koku or Gegu. The origins of the tradition are probably rooted in the legend of Princess Miao Shan. The human incarnation of the goddess of mercy, Kuan Yin, who sacrificed her eyes and hands for the salvation of a dying father.
The theme of the flesh is also present in the tales of past incarnations of the Buddha, affirming the Buddhist principle of compassion. Most evidence of cannibalism these days comes from researchers, missionaries, and other Westerners who find them in primitive societies. They invariably interpret this as evidence of the savagery of the natives. In literature, such an attitude can be traced back to the Greek myths about Saturn devouring its children, and the cyclops eating the companions of Odysseus.
Cannibals are a kind of hot seasoning for many narratives. From the tales of the Thousand and One Nights with their Sinbad the Sailor, wrecked and saved by the king who fed him human flesh, to the amazing memories of Marco Polo. Which contains a story about the soldiers of Kubla Khan, who ate those who fell on the battlefield..
I assure you, wrote Marco Polo, that every day they kill people and first drink their blood, and then greedily eat the rest.
The 18th-century satirist Jonathan Swift, best known as the author of Gulliver’s Travels, used the same way in his essay Modest Proposal (1729). Jokingly writing that it is possible to solve the food problem in England and Ireland if you eat a certain number of children. The famous novelist Robert Stevenson, who lived in the Marquesas Islands at the end of the 19th century, wrote that he had seen the last cannibal on Nuku Khiva. He allegedly walked along the ocean with a human hand on his shoulder and, shouting to passers-by. This is what Kooamua does to his enemies!, Tearing pieces of flesh from his hand with his teeth..
Similar stories were told by missionaries returning from Latin America. One author, describing representatives of the African cannibal tribe, mentioned that they have sharp, like fox, teeth. The fact that he had never been to Africa and did not provide any reliable evidence in favor of his allegations was unimportant. The Spanish conquerors said that the Caribbean salted and dried the flesh of their enemies. Although in those days, the inhabitants of the islands did not know how to grease products. Much of what scared the layman turned out to be nonsense. Only a few stories were remotely similar to the truth..
For example, stories of how the Aztecs eat thousands of their captives are a strong exaggeration. The Aztecs only baked bread from dough mixed in human blood and flesh, giving it the form of their gods. In the words of one of the modern authors, the shaft of chilling information was not so much an indication of the widespread prevalence of cannibalism outside a highly developed society, but as evidence of a greedy interest in the topic. Many traditions related to cannibalism had deep cultural roots. They were based on the belief that eating the flesh of ancestors that existed in many parts of the planet will allow them to enlist their support.
Or the fact that a dish made of flesh of enemies contains their strong qualities: brain – wisdom, heart – courage, etc. For this reason, the natives of the Hawaiian Islands killed Captain James Cook in 1779. The next day, they returned to the surviving members of his expedition only a handful of bone and flesh wrapped in cloth. They ate the meat and the organs of Cook in the hope of gaining through them the many knowledge and virtues of a great researcher. Even the tyrant Idi Amin, who ruled in Uganda in the early 1970s, boasted at the table that he ate human meat, justifying it as follows.
In war, when there is no food, and a comrade is wounded, you can very well kill him and eat in order to survive. So you absorb his strength. His flesh will make you better, and you can fully fight.
Perhaps such circumstances caused the disappearance of Michael Rockefeller, a young adventurer and son of the American millionaire Nelson Rockefeller, around the same time. His traces were lost in the jungle of Papua New Guinea, where he was allegedly eaten by one of the last cannibals left on earth. Not far from those places on the Fiji islands, cannibalism was practiced back in 700. The natives, desiring to propitiate their warlike gods, sacrificed captured enemies to them. After the ritual of sacrifice, the winners ate them, since they considered it a necessary act of their final humiliation. Moreover, they believed that in this way their relatives would be neutralized for a long time..
The custom was so widespread – existed until the beginning of the 20th century – that most Fiji residents had the so-called cannibal forks. Carved from wood and familiar for all, familiar forks of different sizes – for different parts of human flesh: for eyes, buttocks, etc. Tender as a human – this old Fijian expression can be heard on the islands even today as a compliment to a harmless modern dish. Western man’s view of this kind of behavior has changed Christianity, and not the formation of the notorious civilized society.
Spanish missionaries in Latin America began to change both the diet and the beliefs of the local population. Declaring both the barbarism. But did they recognize the strangeness of introducing cannibals to religion, in one of the main rituals of which – communion – parishioners, albeit in the form of cachets and wine, are fed the blood and body of Christ? As one scholar, Jean Paolo Biasin, said, for Christians, cannibalism is metaphorical, given that such words of Christ are quoted in the Bible itself.
I am the living bread that came down from heaven; He who eats this bread will live forever; the bread that I will give is My Flesh, which I will give for the life of the world … verily, verily I say unto you, if you do not eat the Flesh of the Son of Man and drink His Blood, you will not have life in you. He who eats My Flesh and drinks My Blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. For My Flesh truly is food, and My Blood truly is drink. He who eats My flesh and drinks My Blood abides in Me, and I in him (John 6: 51-56).
Of course, a lot of human flesh was eaten in the modern era. Not for the sake of eternal life, but out of the desire to save earthly life. The story is well known about how, in 1846, American immigrants, caught in a snowstorm at Donner Pass, ate their dead comrades on their way to California. In similar circumstances, British researchers who tried in the 19th century to find the legendary northwest passage from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific in the ice-bound northern Canada resorted to cannibalism. As it turned out, in a futile attempt to survive.
The fact is confirmed by the recent discovery of the remains of expedition members with traces of knife work on their bones. No less famous is the partly comedic story of a gold digger named Alfred Packer, who in 1873 in Colorado turned out to be a sharpened snowstorm in a shack and survived only because he ate his accomplices.
You are a vile pervert and a son of a bitch, ”the judge indignant, sentencing the cannibal to 30 years in prison. “There were only seven Democrats in Hinsdale County, and five you managed to eat.”!
In not so old times, in 1972, members of the Uruguayan rugby team who had an airplane crash in the Andes managed to save their lives by eating the remains of their deceased comrades. Later, their story was described in the highly popular book Survivors and captured in the film of the same name. It is said that some South Vietnamese refugees survived in boats in the same way from the advancing armies of the Viet Cong. Until recently, the Chinese authorities categorically denied that during the cultural revolution of 1966-1976, cannibalism against class enemies was widely practiced in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region..
In a book published in 1996, the Zeng Yi Scarlet Memorial, or Evidence of Cannibalism in Modern China, the words of one of the officials are quoted as saying that only in this area there were 10 to 20 thousand cases when people ate their fellow citizens. Even later, information came from North Korea. Where mass hunger in the period 1997-1998 forced people to eat relatives and neighbors who died from exhaustion. Other contemporary cannibalism reports focus on horrifying details. It seems that the press is only interested in this.
A few years ago in England, the story of the notorious Cray brothers, who controlled a large part of the London underworld, was widely and very colorful. Among other things, it was said that they ate the liver of their enemies. The American serial killer Jeffrey Deimer, who received the nickname Cannibal from Milwaukee from journalists, was also carving and eating his victims. In addition to the contents of the freezer, in which lay human kidneys, intestines, liver and lungs, the police did not find any food in his apartment. Except for spices. After his arrest in 1994, Deimer asked the prison doctor if there are people like him in the world, or is he unique? No of course not unique.
So, it is difficult to imagine when and how the attitude of people towards eating human flesh can change. Even though I proposed to my guests in 1972 in the form of a paste in 1998 it became a fashionable meal among English yuppies. At that time, Esquire magazine interviewed some of those who had tasted this flesh dish, as well as several professional chefs. One of the culinary experts proposed to stew the placenta over low heat and serve with herb dumplings. Another recommended to cook it with olive oil, onions, capers in Vincento and anchovies, then grind in a blender and spread on crostini fried in the toaster. According to him, wonderful canapes for a baptismal party will turn out.
Want to know why cannibalism is such a terrible attitude? It’s all in the press. There are hundreds of stories in my archive published in newspapers and magazines from 1994-2003. For example, about how eight people in Brazil, without knowing it, ate the liver of a murder victim, which they served in one of the bars of Rio de Janeiro fried with onions and garlic. About the 76-year-old resident of Moscow, arrested because she first killed her husband, then ate part of his flesh, and rolled up the rest in banks. About two men from north-east of India who killed a neighbor who allegedly tried to kill themselves with the help of black magic.
They cut his heart in half and ate it raw. About how a Portuguese historian who investigated the manifestations of atrocities and cruelty during the Second World War, discovered documents showing that one of the hotels in Macau bought young children, fed them, and then prepared dishes from their flesh that he served to his to the guests. In 1995, it was reported that in a small Russian town in the Urals, police arrested four people selling human meat in restaurants under the guise of veal. Other information of the same year was about two Cambodians who gathered to help a friend bury a stillborn child, but instead cooked soup from it (with the permission of the father!).
In 1997, in Hong Kong, a doctor chopped off the head of a policeman whom he suspected of being associated with his wife. When the police, at the prompt of the policeman’s wife, rushed to the doctor with a search, she found her colleague’s head, cooked in a pressure cooker. From year to year, my archive has been steadily updated. In 1998, in Thailand, a man drowned a six-year-old niece, because he believed that by eating her brain, he could improve his mental health. And in Egypt, three brothers were sentenced to death for killing a man and drinking his blood. A year later, in London, a man was sentenced to life imprisonment for killing and eating part of a victim’s thigh. The same sentence was pronounced in Ukraine for a criminal strangling his young mistress, boiling her head, eating his tongue, and holding his skull on TV.
In 2000, in Sri Lanka, a man who had killed and eaten his wife ten years earlier was arrested for what he had done to his father. The body of a Hong Kong resident who was missing while traveling in North China was found salted in a vat. In Kathmandu, a 22-year-old man was arrested, who ate the ear of his older brother and stated that an irresistible desire to eat meat pushed him, drunk. The topic of cannibalism is on the front pages of the press. Entered CNN issues in 2001. Then it was reported that the dyaks from the island of Borneo are engaged in cannibalism. They cut the bodies of their slain Maduri enemies and eat them, cooking them like animal meat. And not only eat themselves, but also sell.
Then in Kathmandu, two Brahmins ate the brains of the murdered king of Nepal and his killer. Then they committed a ritual suicide, rushing off a cliff to take away bad luck. The following year, 2002, a German citizen confessed to killing and eating his gay partner, who allegedly wanted to be eaten. In Cambodia, two men accused of eating human meat, they washed down with a bottle of wine, were released by a provincial court because of the absence of the relevant law. In 2003, in Los Angeles, a young ambitious musician who dreamed of becoming a rap star was accused of killing a roommate. When asked why he ate part of her lung, the guy replied that in this way he wanted to create an image of a chaos and through this break through to Olympus rap culture.
Cannibalism for sale.
Nowadays, cannibalism is one of the most prohibited social activities. At the same time, the theme is distinguished by its extreme attractiveness, which explains its use in the show business market. The most striking example of commercialization is, of course, Hollywood. At one end of the spectrum is the frank exploitation of chilling stories in such films as The Cannibal Attack (1954), The Blood Feast (1963), The Grave digger and his team (1967), The Night of the Living Dead (1968, with two sequels and one remake). The hotel Red Wolf (1972, renamed Horror on the menu), Cannibal Girls (1973), The Return of the Living Dead (1985, with two sequels)…
This, believe me, is only a small fraction, just for example. At the other end are paintings with an impressive budget and more talented creators. The title of the novel, based on which the satirical film of the same name was shot – Soya-Lentil Greens (1973) – pointed to a dish of the corresponding products. However, by the will of the creators from Hollywood, the hero of the film, detective Charlton Heston, finds out that this dish is from human meat. In the satirical film of Jean Luke Godard Weekend (1968), unlucky terrorists who claim that the horrors of the state can only be answered with horror, demonstrate a return to an anti-industrial natural way of life. Having a snack with captured inhabitants – picnic lovers.
In the film A cook, a thief, his wife and her lover (1989), an attack on the strict rules of behavior set in a trendy restaurant, in his last scene, a whole human body is served on the table. The character of the film Thomas Harris The Silence of the Lambs (1991) Hannibal (consonant with the cannibal) Lecter, like his lesser-known predecessor from the Manhunter (1986) and the twin from the sequel Hannibal (1999). The disgusting ghoul, who was hidden behind bars. In particular, for the addiction to the human liver, which he preferred to drink with a glass of good chianti.
In Fiji, souvenir variants of traditional forks are still sold today. They are made from local wood and immersed in black mud for several weeks. Then they polish or simply paint. The forks, as already noted, are of different sizes. Small ones are for the eyes and brain, and larger ones are for meat. You can also order Cannibal chutney, an original seasoned vegetable seasoning. Certainly served with meat at the feasts of cannibals. There are finally restaurants. In 2002, Ecuadorian restaurateurs allowed the use of human thighs in the process of preparing a rich flesh broth for soups and stews.
Moreover, the bones extracted from the graves were considered especially valuable. Because they attributed the presence of a unique taste. A year later, it was reported that in the Sichuan province of China, female skeletons were excavated from graves to make ghost soup. In another province, Hunan, one of the restaurants offered two dishes of abalone and perch. Prepared using human milk (purchased from peasants). When the press reported this, an order came from Beijing and restaurants were closed..
The recipe for a pie of human flesh. Placenta pie.
6 bacon plates.
170 g red wine.
Salt and pepper to taste.
3 garlic cloves, finely chopped.
2 shallots, finely chopped.
Using a knife with a narrow blade and a sharp end, remove all blood vessels. Opening the placenta from the wide end, where it is easy to find the main vein. It can be pulled out with a certain effort. Do the same with the rest of the vessels. Cut the placenta into narrow stripes. Sprinkle them with salt and pepper and soak in wine for at least 6 hours.
From about half the meat, make minced meat and mix it with chopped garlic and shallots. Line the mold with dough. Put bacon on the bottom and edges, then place the mixture of minced meat and remaining strips of meat into the mold. Cover with dough and spread it with an egg. Bake in a preheated oven at 190 degrees for about an hour. Allow to cool. Serve with fresh crackers. Garnish with green onions.
Based on the book Extreme Cuisine.