When traveling in unfamiliar areas while hunting or in search of natural shelter from the weather, situations can often arise when a person, as they say, is met with wild predatory animals, with a large predator or just with an aggressive animal protecting its cubs, its prey or itself myself.
Encounters with wild carnivores and birds, precautions and human behavior.
Any grotto, hollow or pit under the roots of a fallen tree can be used by wild animals as a bed, lair or permanent home. Therefore, before engaging in a survey of the grotto or the entrance part of the cave, the hollow of a tree, or the pit that attracts you to the fallen trunk, you need to make sure that there is no beast.
His presence may be indicated by traces, a trampled area with leftover food (bones, feathers of birds), shreds of wool, droppings, etc. As well as a pungent smell of the beast, which is difficult to confuse with anything else. The places of lying in most wild animals are quite constant and therefore clearly visible on densely crumpled grass, the remains of wool. And sometimes, if the beast has just left, in a place warm to the touch.
If the beast is full and in a good mood, then it usually leaves, sensing your presence. If you came up from under the wind and suddenly appeared in front of wild animals, then either the animal will be scared no less than you and will run away with a roar (this happens with bears). Or, and most likely, he will take this as a reason for an immediate attack. The sign of an attack in all felines (lynx, wolverine, wild cat, leopard, cheetah, tiger, lion, etc.) is a threatening pose. The beast bares its mouth, crouches on its hind legs for jumping and hits the ground with its tail.
In this case, there are only two options for response. The first one is that you freeze on the spot and after a while very slowly begin to step back, not taking your gaze from the beast and trying not to blink and not make sudden movements. The option is very dangerous, since it is almost impossible to predict the development of events. It all depends, as mentioned above, on the satiety and mood of the beast. The second option provides for an attack first, but only if you have a fairly reliable weapon (a spear with a strong tip, a stone ax well-mounted or a strong bow).
The option is far from the best. But with a hopeless situation may be the only one. Perhaps, due to a lot of nervous tension, you will miss, hit the wrong place, and wound the beast weakly and provoke an immediate attack. Therefore, it is better to attack only in the most extreme case and with absolute confidence in their strength and reliability of the weapon. The main thing is to be extremely attentive: listen, sniff and keep an eye on everything that surrounds you.
The most dangerous places where most often meetings (except those mentioned above) with wild animals are permanent animal paths, places of watering places and feeding places (for example, berry bushes). It is very dangerous to meet wild animals at their prey. As a rule, the beast will first try to scare and drive you away, but if it has not yet been full and irritated, then an attack is inevitable. In this case, it is necessary, slowly, without sudden movements, backing away to a safe distance, until the beast calms down, carefully observing, however,.
No less dangerous is the meeting of the beast with the cubs. In this case, try to bypass this place immediately. If you do not show aggressiveness and curiosity, but slowly back off, then the beast will not attack, but only scare, making several jumps in your direction. And immediately return to the cub. Never try to take possession of a cub, even if you are very hungry and consider it the subject of your prey. This is very dangerous because an angry mother will chase you until she bites you.
There is another rather serious danger that arises when moving along paths (animal, human), and through the virgin forest. This is the attack of a lynx and a leopard, which often watch their prey while lying on a large tree branch. They jump on the man from behind, on the neck. Therefore, when moving, you need to look around and sniff at smells. Help in finding a beast birds. Many of them (cedar, jays and some others) arrange a crazy concert, which should alert you and attract your attention..
If, when moving in the footsteps of a beast, you sometimes suddenly notice that you are back on your tracks, this is a dangerous sign. This means that now the beast follows you in your footsteps and tracks you. Lurking for the right moment to attack. So often predators-cannibals do (once wounded tigers, raised from the den or hibernating bears-rods).
The monitor lizard, found in the Central Asian deserts, is quite aggressive and, when meeting a person, can attack even without any special reason. He has a strong tail and sharp teeth. No less aggressive are porcupines, who often arrange their dens in the depths of the caves. When meeting with a person, a porcupine turns its back on him and shoots at it its sharp and long spines (the length of which sometimes reaches 20 cm or more). When dealing with an attacked animal, a large loss of blood and traumatic amputation of various parts of the body are possible.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.