In the event that the evacuation of a near-industrial accident or disaster is officially declared or undertaken independently, it is necessary to collect all the household members and quickly, but accurately instruct them on safety measures when moving around the danger zone. Agree on gathering places and communication methods in case you are confused.
Evacuation from the site of technological accidents and disasters, preparation for evacuation and its implementation.
It is MANDATORY for young children to hang on their necks some impromptu pencil cases with a note or tags in which to indicate their surnames and names, address of residence and contact numbers of relatives or friends who know them. Before going outside, it is necessary to equip yourself in emergency weather, protecting yourself as much as possible from getting into the respiratory tract, mucous membrane, skin and hair of poisonous particles of a chemical substance released into the atmosphere, droplets of liquid, radioactive dust.
a suitcase. Like those that are prepared in advance by representatives of the rescue professions. It contains documents, values and what is supposedly useful in the event of an accident and if there is an evacuation.
Well, dressed, gathered, prepared? Then on the road along the streets that became dangerous as a battlefield. However, completely unchanged streets with familiar lawns, borders, sandboxes and passers-by idly staggering, who did not hear the alarming message. Do not relax while exploring the familiar landscape. Do not doubt.! Do not wait until the danger becomes apparent. Perhaps it’s just these minutes you spent looking around that aren’t enough to get away from the cloud of toxic emissions or jump into the last free bus. Do not think about the degree of danger, why you are in a hurry when others are not in a hurry, whether it is a training anxiety and whether you look like an idiot.
Don’t think about anything at all. The only thing is how to quickly get to the collection point, which you were informed about in the radio and television circulation. The straightforwardness of action and the speed of the guarantor of salvation in areas of technological accidents. If you were not informed of the place of collection or if you act at your own peril and risk, move in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the wind. Any poisonous substance or radiation cloud drifts in the wind. Sometimes at a very decent speed. For example, when a weak breeze blows three meters per second, a dangerous cloud approaches you at a speed of 10 14 km per hour. And if the wind is stronger?
So the incentives to move with you, as they say, are obvious. And for the whole body. If you, of course, did not have time or were too shy to put on a chemical protection kit and a cotton-gauze bandage. Hence the first thing you should consider when leaving the affected area weather conditions. More precisely, the direction and strength of the wind. Moving with the flow, you will almost certainly be overtaken by a poisonous cloud, and going away, you may have time to jump out from under the dangerous chemical or radiation trail carried by the wind. Near the accident sites, toxic emissions are usually drawn in relatively narrow bands and only disperse more widely in the distance..
So, if you guess where to run, and quickly move your legs, you can manage to avoid the annoying loss of hair and internal organs from the body. The second good advice concerns the terrain. In chemical accidents, lowering of gullies, ravines, underground passages, buried riverbeds and streams should be avoided. And in no case do you need to hide in basements, cellars, shelters, if they are not equipped with special filters. Many toxic substances, such as chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, benzene, etc., are heavier than air and therefore creep above the ground and flow into depressions, forming peculiar standing lakes there.
Once in such a stagnant poisonous pond, you can easily drown even when there are almost no toxic substances left in the open area. Therefore, leaving the SDYA strike, it is better to lay the evacuation route along well-blown up elevated points of the relief. Whoever wishes to consolidate this advice in his memory, let him re-read the books of Remarque, Barbusse, and other writers of World War I veterans. They very clearly describe the chemical attacks and what happened to the soldiers, who stayed in the trenches and craters for an extra five minutes.
After reaching the safe areas, you need to take a shower and rinse your eyes, face, hands thoroughly with running water. But most of all, hair in which the concentration of hazardous substances is greatest. Outerwear should be removed on the street and put in a plastic bag. Then they will take it from you for destruction or tell you what to do with it. Do not forget to inform your relatives about your situation and, if possible, go to them, away from the scene of the accident. If it is scary to leave the house, then send women and children, leaving one of the men to observe. It is imperative to understand the nature of the accident..
Why find out what specific toxic substances entered the atmosphere and how they can threaten the body. At the same time, it is better to doubt the veracity of official communications. Just in case. In order to accidentally, after about twenty years, not to find out that the administration, for whatever reason, kept silent about the doses and components of the chemical cocktail that you accepted inside. Go to the library and find out what IN PRINCIPLE COULD get into the atmosphere as a result of this particular incident, at this particular enterprise. And draw conclusions. And consult with doctors. And take all possible preventive measures.
Not stopping the attack on the highest medical chiefs and even direct payment for medical advisory services at central research institutes. After all, the matter is about your health and your life expectancy. One of my acquaintances, the liquidator, as soon as he got down from the reactor, distrusting the state-owned doctors who worked with him, sent all the Chernobyl bonuses to find out the real state of his health. And having learned, for his own money he conducted a full course of treatment in one central research institute. And, as he believes, only because of this he remained alive and relatively healthy.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.