Catering in an emergency to avoid starvation is no less important problem than providing housing, but perhaps less significant than obtaining water. But still, normal nutrition is necessary not only to maintain high performance in the first days after getting into an emergency, but also to overcome the shock state.
Features of fasting in an emergency and extreme situation, catering in survival.
The fact that a person is able to do without food for a long time does not mean that, once in an extreme situation, he will be able to starve without harm to health. There are two types of starvation in itself: starvation, forced and ultimately leading to a tragic outcome, and starvation, conscious and even therapeutic.
of a person even in absolute rest), oxidation processes become leading in the body, the nitrogen content in the urine drops sharply, pulse and respiration become less frequent, blood pressure decreases. Deprived of incoming fuel from the outside, the body is not able to tune in to a decrease in the intensity of metabolic processes. In insufficient quantities, but food still enters the body, the metabolic rate does not decrease, which in turn leads to the need to begin the intensive consumption of internal tissue reserves.
These internal reserves are quite impressive even with complete and absolute starvation in an emergency when, when only water is taken, all metabolic processes are reduced to a minimum, a 45% consumption of their reserve is possible without much damage, which is about 30-40 days with an initial weight of a person about 70 kg. Thus, in order to be able to move and maintain elementary performance for a long time with limited nutrition, it is better to switch to complete starvation, taking only water, preferably boiled water, due to the inability to control its quality.
In the case of partial irregular and low-calorie nutrition from case to case, the depletion of the body occurs quickly enough and the person not only sharply reduces physical and mental activity, but signs of progressive dystrophy begin to develop. As a rule, this happens when a person in an extreme situation cannot provide himself with complete and sufficient nutrition due to ignorance of edible plants and inability to get food by primitive hunting and fishing.
Interrupting only berries and chewing leaves, it only exacerbates its condition, since the body constantly produces gastric juice and a burning sensation of hunger arises. The body is not rebuilt to reduce energy consumption and in the end it will die very soon. It is difficult for a person in an extreme situation to guess how long it will take to save him, and therefore he must rely primarily on his own strength. It is necessary to use wild plants, fruits, and even non-traditional types of food for food, without dropping the taboo and fishing.
Catering in an emergency.
Of course, even experiencing severe hunger, a person often refuses unusual food either because of its unpleasant appearance or other prejudices. Meanwhile, for some peoples, such food is quite traditional. In France and China, frog legs are considered a delicacy; in many countries of Asia and Africa they are happy to eat locusts. The delicacy in Mnyama is fried grasshoppers, the Eskimos have fat deer gadfly larvae. And there are quite a few such examples. Without suspecting it, we often eat insects and their larvae together with cereals, flour, fruits, vegetables and other products.
The meat of almost all animals is edible. You can’t eat only toads, fish with a stale smell and sunken eyes, slimy gills and sluggish meat. Of particular danger are some species of poisonous fish and mushrooms. With the exception of berries and fruits, all other types of natural foods should be heat-treated. This is necessary not only because of the danger of disease or poisoning, but also to create familiar taste sensations, easier absorption and storage.
The ability to provide yourself with the so-called pasture, in the broadest sense of the word, depends on the climatic and geographical features of the area, the time of year, and your own skills. Throughout the year, the coasts, deltas and confluence of rivers are most rich in food. Then follow the banks of rivers, lakes and swamps, forest edges. Significantly less food in the mountains above the forest border and in the rainforests.
It should also be remembered that if there is a lack of drinking water in an emergency, it is better to eat foods rich in carbohydrates and refrain from foods rich in proteins, fats and starch, in other words, high-calorie foods, as it requires increased water consumption, as well like dry food. There is another nutritional feature that should not only be remembered, but also used whenever possible. These are the healing properties of food. Many peoples inhabiting dry and hot territories have long had a method of treating various types of food.
Cold, hot and dual-acting foods.
They divide all food products into cold, hot and dual-acting. The name cold and hot does not mean temperature, but the effect on the tone of the body: cold lower tone, and hot increase. The nature of the effects of fruits and vegetables on the body can be determined by their color. Hot fruits have a bright red color, cold white, pale pink, light yellow, and dual-acting from dark yellow to orange. It is believed that the abuse of hot dishes in the south and cold in the north can lead to trouble. Therefore, it is best to create balance in the set of food. For example, noodles or pasta can be added as a tonic to horsemeat or venison dishes..
|Meat and Seafood||Beef, veal, shrimp, lobster, crabs, lean fish, snakes.||Horse meat, venison, lamb, pork, poultry, eggs, seal.||Fatty fish, oysters, snails.|
|Cereals and flour products||Bread, crackers, noodles, corn, rice, buckwheat.||Dumplings, pilaf with meat, pancakes with meat.||Sweet pilaf.|
|Vegetables, fruits, nuts, mushrooms||Cabbage, cucumbers, turnip, cherry, peaches, lemon, strawberries, pineapple.||Raisin, pomegranate, persimmon, dates, almonds, pistachios, walnuts, mulberries, raspberries.||Mulberry, apples, watermelon, melon, pumpkin, apricot, mango, banana, mushrooms.|
|The drinks||Green tea.||Black tea, coffee.||Koumiss, camel milk.|
Green tea (cold dish) is consumed in the hot season, and black tea (hot dish) in cold. Pilaf with meat is eaten in the cold season, and sweet pilaf in the roast. Examples of products related to cold, hot and dual-acting are shown in the table above. Many dishes can be made cold or vice versa hot. So soups and pilaf are both hot and cold, it all depends on the cooking method..
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.