Most likely, it is catching insects that will prove to be the most reliable source of animal food for those in distress. Although insects are usually very small in size, they are found almost everywhere and often in such abundance that you can quickly get yourself lunch or breakfast.
Features of the extraction, fishing and cooking of insects, snails, slugs and worms during survival in an emergency or extreme situation.
Per unit weight, insects are more nutritious than vegetables. Rich in fats, proteins and carbohydrates, and especially their larvae, these juicy caterpillars and worms. You will quickly overcome disgust. Do not forget that some consider them a delicacy.
, beetles, grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, bees, caterpillars and various aquatic insects. Many of the insects are inactive during the hot season, although most appear to get moisture when it rains. Look for insects in secluded places, cracks and crevices on the tree, behind the bark, in all moist dark corners. Ants and termites often build their nests in the form of easily recognizable mounds or mounds.
Look for larvae of beetles, they are usually light in color, different sizes, from the smallest to juicy meaty sausages up to 15 cm long and weighing up to 80 g. You will find them on trees with exfoliated bark and on decaying stumps. If you have a knife, cut the wood tissue until you find it under the surface. Take only live specimens, do not collect those that appear sick or dead, smell bad, or cause knives irritation. Be careful collecting insects for food. The same places can hide less desirable creatures like scorpions and spiders, or in larger cracks and crevices, snakes.
Do not collect insects that feed on garbage, carrion or dung, they are carriers of infections. Remember, brightly colored insects, including their caterpillars, are usually poisonous. Their bright colors are a warning sign. Avoid the larvae found on the underside of the leaves; they often secrete toxic fluids. Beware. Large beetles often have powerful jaws; be careful with them..
Preparation and preparation of insects.
Most insects are edible and usually more nutritious in their raw form, but after cooking they are tastier. The safest way to cook them is to destroy harmful bacteria and parasites, but if you don’t have suitable utensils at hand, it’s easier to bake. Just lay your lunch on hot stones or embers. For large insects such as locusts, grasshoppers and crickets, remove the legs and wings. Leg hairs may irritate or even block the esophagus.
Thin hairs on some tracks may cause a rash. If you want to eat a hairy caterpillar, then squeeze its insides do not eat the skin. Remove the carapace from the beetles. Small insects, such as ants and termites, can be crushed into gruel and then either cooked or dried into powder. Use this for seasoning other foods or for storage for some time. Those who can’t get used to eating insects in this form will find it easier to do this, especially in soup or when mixed with other foods.
The collection and eating of termites.
They are found in warm regions of the world, they are nutritious and tasty. Most termites eat only plant foods, but large species have sharp jaws, they bite everything. This can be taken advantage of if you stick a twig in the nest and slowly remove it. Termites will bite the twig and hang on it, but it will not be possible to collect a large number of them. Flying termites and flying ants often take to the wing in thunderstorm weather. At this time, many insects can be collected from leaves and branches where they will sit. Before eating, remove the wings from large termites. You can cook them, fry, but they are most nutritious in their raw form. Their egg also has good energy value..
Collection: termites build large hills called termites, often up to a meter high and penetrated by passages and cavities. Although termite mounds are solid, you can beat off pieces of it with a stone or a stick and lower them into water to drive insects out. A piece of termite placed on the coals of a bonfire will produce smoke that will drive away mosquitoes and similar insects. It will smolder all night and help the fire not to go out. When fishing, hang a piece of termite over the water, termites will make an excellent bottom bait.
Catching and eating bees and wasps.
Edible all the pupae, larvae and adults, but the bees still give honey. This is a delicious natural product, easily digestible and nutritious, but difficult to obtain, as bees violently defend their nest. In the afternoon, working bees fly far away from the nest, but everyone gathers there for the night. Here at this time and act. Make a torch out of a bunch of grass and keep it very close to the entrance to the nest, so that it is filled with smoke. Then close the entrance. This will kill the bees, provide direct food and safe access to honey..
Before eating bees, remove wings, legs and stings. Cooking or roasting will improve the taste. Honey can be drained from the cells in the nest. Even if honey may freeze, it can be stored for years. Honey instantly gives energy. Since it is absorbed so quickly by the body, it is an excellent means of restoring strength during exhaustion. The honeycombs themselves are also edible, but the wax contained in them can be useful for water-repellent processing of clothes, softening the skin and making candles. In some regions of the world, there is little risk that honey may contain a certain concentration of plant poisons..
This only happens where bees deal with a single plant species, such as in places of dense thickets of rhododendrons in the Himalayas. Odor can serve as an indicator, but if in doubt, conduct edibility tests for plants. Wasps are much more dangerous than bees, but they belong to other bee species that honey does not produce. They, as well as their larvae, can be collected and eat in the same way. There are also many single species of wasps and bees that do not make public nests..
Location: usually hornet’s nests hang from tree branches. Often the size and shape of the nest resembles a soccer ball, and can also have a pear-shaped shape. The entrance is located below. Bee nests are most often found in an empty tree or cave, or under an overhanging cliff.
Hornets catching and eating.
In fact, they are social wasps. If you can find their nest so that they do not find you, then you have a ready-made food source, both larvae and pupae are high-calorie. But keep in mind, hornets passionately defend their nests. They sting immediately and are extremely painful. Only if you are not in a desperate situation look for safer food. There are two main types of hornets: one is active at night, the other during the day. Daytime hornets can be mined at night, just like bees. Night hornets, which can be mined during the day, bite as if a red-hot pin is stuck into the body. Location: Hornets make large round nests, usually on trees.
Harvesting and eating ants.
Ants instantly gather at the smallest pieces of food, where you can collect them, but you can also get them from the nest of the anthill. Be careful. Most ants bite painfully, and some large jungle ants can inflict such a bite that a person breaks down for a day. Look for smaller ants. In some species of ants, the abdomen is filled with nectar. These ants, called honey, are much tastier. The bite of some ants resembles the action of nettles. Some shoot with formic acid. Therefore, the ants must be cooked for at least five minutes to destroy the poison. After that, eating them is completely safe..
Catching and eating locusts, crickets, grasshoppers.
They all have a well-fed body and muscular legs. Some grow up to 15 cm in length. In some areas, they are found in abundance. Slap them with a branch with leaves or a piece of cloth. Remove wings, antennae and foot spurs, and can be eaten raw or fried. Roasting will not only kill possible parasites, but also give a delicious taste.
Catching and eating aquatic insects.
Collect larvae and adults of water bugs, stoneflies, dragonflies and other representatives of a great variety of freshwater aquatic insects. Although they are small, but there are a huge number of them. Place a screen of thin cloth shirt or a piece of other matter in the water so that it acts like a net. If necessary, fasten with sticks..
If it is a water stream, then go towards the screen from the top upstream, excite the bottom as you move. The current will carry raised insects that your nets will hold back. If you do not want to enter the water, then trawling the surface of the water can also give its results. It is best to carefully boil all insects caught in the water, in case the water is poisoned by pollution.
Collection and eating snails, slugs and worms.
Snails, slugs, worms and the like should not be ignored. In many national cuisines, snails are considered a delicacy and most people eat aquatic mollusks such as mussels and oysters, without bouts of nausea. Both land and water snails and other shells must be fresh. There are several types that can be dangerous when used in writing. Snails are found in fresh and salt water, from deserts to alpine meadows. There are giant snails in Africa, they are rich in proteins and minerals. When collecting land snails, avoid those that have bright shells, they can be poisonous.
Sea snails, especially in tropical waters, can be more insidious; you should not take them unless you know exactly what it is. For example, cones of gastropods from the Pacific and Caribbean coasts have a poisonous sting, similar to a syringe needle. Some species may kill. Do not feed the snails for several days or give them only grass and safe greens so that they can isolate all the poisons they may have and then place them in salt water to clean their entrails before cooking. Cook for 10 minutes with seasoning for taste. Snails that are in hibernation can be eaten if the lid closes the entrance to the sink.
Slugs are the same snails, but without a shell. Process and cook them just like snails. Worms contain proteins of the highest class, with a high concentration of essential amino acids and are easy to harvest. Before eating, do not feed them for several days or squeeze out the manure inside. Worms can be dried both in the sun and by heating. One of the easiest ways: put them on a hot stone, and then crush into powder to add as needed to other food. This will make eating worms less repulsive, and besides, they can be stored dry for some time..
Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.