There are a few simple rules that you must follow when planning your winter trips or going on a winter trip. First, if you are not completely confident in your abilities, doubt the quality of the equipment or the weather for the coming days, it is better to postpone the trip to a later date.
Features of the preparation, organization and conduct of winter hiking and travel.
You can’t go on a risky winter trip without learning how to make a fire in the most adverse conditions, without having personally built several educational snow shelters, without spending the night in them. Well, of course, it is categorically unacceptable to go on an assault on the polar heights without checking yourself in two or three easier winter trips.
a set that includes: matches of enhanced combustion (hunting, windproof, etc.), scraps of candles or other combustible material, a small piece of plastic film, a certain amount of food, in the polar regions a lightweight saw-hacksaw or long knife.
Moreover, if large-sized items can be transported in a backpack, but in a place from where they can be quickly removed if necessary, then matches and a candle should always be carried with you, for example, to be sewn into an inside pocket of a gown. During winter trips, you must constantly remember and strictly observe the rules for passing difficult sections, organizing a bivouac. You can’t change your initial decisions without extreme necessity, categorically unacceptable to rely on chance.
It is also unacceptable to divide a group into two or more independent subgroups. Examples when the division of the group paid off are isolated. In the vast majority of cases, this only exacerbated the severity of the situation. While traveling, watch for changes in the weather, listening to weather reports or observing the surrounding nature. Find out from local people signs of approaching bad weather.
It should not be assumed that people freeze only somewhere in the far North or on mountain peaks. Nothing of the kind, a considerable number of victims are collected precisely by suburban forests and even parks. The mere proximity of the house does not guarantee security. Cold is equally ruthless everywhere. Minus thirty is everywhere minus thirty. Therefore, one should not neglect excess clothing and turn away from the proposed sandwiches or a thermos with hot tea.
You cannot pave new roads, cut corners, trying to shorten the path, you must remember: the direct road is not always the shortest. If people paved the track, then there are reasons for it. You can’t travel through the woods at dusk. It is necessary to be prepared for the fact that the weather will worsen, and the ski will skid. Therefore, you must tie your route to the eternal landmarks of rocks, solitary trees, blockages, clusters of stones, etc. You can’t walk alone.
The fact that the city is one or two kilometers away does not save a person who has broken his leg or lost consciousness as a result of a heart attack. It is necessary to return immediately as soon as a person felt ill or very tired. In cold weather, especially in strong winds, you must constantly monitor your condition, avoiding general or local hypothermia. It is necessary to rub open areas of the skin that are directly affected by low temperatures and wind, and warm the frozen limbs with all available methods of rubbing, heating on the body, wide swings, etc..
Based on the book Methods of Autonomous Human Survival in Nature.
Maslov A.G., Konstantinov Yu.S., Latchuk V.G..