Features, signs and traces of some large animals, possible ways to catch them and suitable traps for large animals.

Wild cats are found on all continents, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica, but are not widespread anywhere. The size of these wild animals is from a domestic cat to a tiger. Secretive and mostly nocturnal animals avoid humans. You can see lions on the reservation, but rarely meet cats in other places. 

Features, signs and traces of some large animals, possible ways to catch them and suitable traps for large animals.

All wild cats are potential food, but do not touch large cats. You can take advantage of large cat’s prey if its owner is not nearby, but beware, it will be somewhere nearby. The meat can be fibrous, cook carefully, the meat of small feline tastes like a rabbit. The tendons are strong, good to use for a bunch of bowstrings.

. If you get on all fours, it may interest them, they might think that this is you potential food. Meat requires long chewing. Remove anal glands.

Traps: For fox loops, try lifting, percussion or hunting pit. Try to leave as little odor as possible in the area.. Traces and signs: walk on the tips of paws. On the footprints of the tracks are four pads and the tips of the claws, the outer cushion is shorter than the inner one, and behind it is a large main cushion. In oblong narrowing excrement, you can see the remains of fur, bones, insects, depending on nutrition. Fox excrement has a pungent smell, smells great and burrows; with soft soil, the hole can be dug up.

The Bears.

Solitary animals of North America, Eurasia and some northern regions of South America prefer places with dense forests (with the exception of the polar bear). Strong and fast running animals. They can look for a living in the camp. Most can climb trees. A bear easily kills a person. Keep away from him as far as possible. Potentially a very good food product with nutritious fat, if you manage to trap it, but hunting it with improvised weapons is a very dangerous adventure. Cook thoroughly due to the danger of parasites.

Traps: shock and stitching action. The trap must either kill or completely disable, the wounded bear is extremely dangerous. Traces and signs: footprints with five long fingerprints with claws. The finger pad is located close to each other, the marks of the nails are distinct. The imprint of the hind legs has a tapering shape and can be confused with human ones. Bears eat almost everything and, in search of food, dig larvae from the ground, peel trunks and ruin insect nests.

Deer and antelope.

Deer found in very wooded areas on all continents, except Australia, can be very different from moose in the north to tropical forest deer only 45 cm high. Antelopes and gazelles in a similar variety of species live from Africa and further east to India. They are shy, quickly run away, they have excellently developed hearing and smell, usually live in groups. The most active during dawn and sunset, with the exception of animals living in arid areas, never move away from the water. Great meat, smoked well. The skin is very soft and elastic, horns can be useful utensils. Large animals can be aggressive and strike with horns with tremendous force..

Traps: loops and shock traps for small representatives, lifting loops on a stand, piercing and shock traps for larger ones. Make a bait from the giblets, curiosity will draw them to her. Traces and signs: paired hooves give a trace of two oblong halves. At the reindeer they are noticeably rounded. The front and rear tracks of the walking deer overlap, while the running deer is located separately. Excrement is rounded or oblong pellets, usually stuck together into lumps. In temperate climates, winter excrement is lighter and more fibrous. Scratches on young trees, nibbled and worn out hole.

Wild pigs.

Boars, bakers, and other pigs vary in size. Many are covered with thick hair, but all have approximately the same body shape, long snout and two large teeth or canines on the sides of the mouth. They live in family groups, usually in a wooded area. Sneaking up is difficult, with the exception of lying down during the hot time of the day, when your chances increase. Listen to their snoring. Large boars and those who guard the young, do not need a special occasion to attack and knock a person down. Fangs inflict serious wounds, often dangerously close to the femoral artery in the upper leg. The meat is good, in winter with a high fat content, but must be carefully boiled because of the danger of parasites.

Traps: strong lifting loops, shock traps, stabbing traps of horizontal action on the trail or in the hope of passing a group of pigs. Pigs eat almost everything, so you can use everything you have at hand to bait. Traces and signs: paired hooves leave deer-like footprints. In young animals, the hooves are more pointed. Excrement is often quite shapeless and is never long, hard or tapering. Blasted land, mud or wet ground are the most reliable signs.

Large artiodactyls.

They live in herds and need access to water. Large artiodactyls can be dangerous especially smart old lone bulls. Traps: only the most powerful loops, piercing and shock traps on adult animals. Traces and signs: deep and distinct foot prints of two halves, the halves in the front narrow and round in the back. The excrement is like the well-known cow flatbread. They make excellent fuel..

Wild sheep and goats.

Sheep mainly live in small herds on high pastures and plains. Cautious, timid, fast, like inaccessible places because of this it is impossible to approach them. There are few goats in Europe and North Africa, they mainly live in the peas of Central Asia. They are even more confident on their feet than rams. Good food. Traps: loops or lifting loops on their paths. In highlands, natural conditions help to make a shock trap. But do not expect much success. Traces and signs: fingerprints double, two separate hoof marks. Granular excrement, like a domestic sheep.


These wild animals have a short powerful body, similar to a badger, live in the north, are quite capable of filling up a reindeer, although they feed mainly on carrion. Nowhere widespread. Do not mess with Wolverine if you are not armed. Traps: powerful lifting loops with bait or pits with a loop and bait. Traces : five fingers with large claws. Fur on the sole can smear the imprint of the main pillow.


The habitat of these wild animals is almost exclusively in the tropics; they usually live in large family groups, often in trees. Even small monkeys can inflict a strong bite. Smart animals, it’s difficult to creep up, make a noise and scream loudly long before you can get close to them, but they are brave and curious, which can play into your hands. Very good food.

Traps: spring pricking trap with descent or spring pricking trap with bait, lifting loops or loops in hunting pits. Bait fruit or something that may arouse the curiosity of monkeys. Signs: their activity itself will lead you to them, few monkeys take the trouble to hide and most of them are very noisy.

Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.
John Wiseman.

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