Field baths and laundries are usually located in dugouts. In order not to carry water far, field baths and laundries should be located and built near water sources, but in such a way as not to pollute the water for cooking and drinking. Water can be heated in conventional boilers, wound in the oven, or in wooden barrels. To heat the water in barrels, it is necessary to have seamless iron pipes.
Field baths, laundries and dryers for clothes, equipment and shoes, field devices and equipment.
If there is only one barrel, then the pipe is bent and fixed in the barrel, and with two barrels two pipes are taken and laid. The water in the pipe located in the stove heats up, rises up and leaves the barrel, and cold water flows into its place from another barrel, so that the water quickly heats up. To bend the pipe, the place of its bending is heated red-hot at the stake. Then, with a heated place, the pipe is clamped between two stakes driven into the ground, or two branches and smoothly bent.
The device and equipment in the field of a field bath and a heater for water from one or two barrels.
In order not to carry water in the field baths through the entire room, you can cut a hole in the wall near the barrel and insert a gutter into it for pouring water. To obtain steam in field baths, you can arrange stove-furnaces. For washing the laundry in the field baths, knock down the trough from the boards, and for cooking the laundry, smear the boilers in the oven.
Kamenka furnace for receiving steam in a field bath.
Device and equipment for drying clothes, equipment and shoes in the field.
In the field, you often have to get wet. Drying wet clothes, equipment and shoes is possible in the wind and the sun, and in rainy weather near stoves in dugouts. However, this method has many disadvantages. The air in the dugouts becomes damp and gets an unpleasant smell, and it’s also inconvenient to be in a dugout, hung with wet clothes and equipment.
The device of a field dryer of the simplest type, in which the air is heated by a fire.
Of course, you can dry wet clothes, equipment and shoes just under a canopy, but in wet weather this method requires a lot of time. Therefore, the first three opportunities should be arranged special dryers.
The device and equipment of field dryers with a fireplace heater.
The walls of field dryers are made of wattle, boards, raincoats, tents and the like. For air to escape from above, a narrow gap is left between the walls. In rainy weather, such a gap should be blocked from above with a ridge from the boards or with the end of the cloak-tent panel. In windy weather, the ends of field dryers should be covered with cloak tents, leaving a gap of 20-30 cm from the bottom.
The device and equipment of field dryers with an oven for drying clothes, equipment and shoes.
For hanging wet clothes and equipment in field dryers, you can make shoulders, and for shoes, racks. More effective field dryers can be arranged in dugouts heated by fireplaces, or in separate huts.
Based on materials from the book The simplest household and household buildings for troops in the field.