Boiling water is the most convenient and practical way to quickly disinfect water in the field. But it should be noted that boiling does not completely destroy all microbes and does not remove heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides, nitrates, phenol and oil products from water. Even when boiling for many hours. Therefore, boiling alone is not enough. Field disinfection and disinfection of water should be comprehensive.
Field water disinfection and disinfection, use of wild plants for water disinfection.
For disinfection and disinfection of water in the field, you can use.
through several layers of fabric. Pour the sediment. The same can be done with aluminum alum instead of lapis.
Wild water disinfection and disinfection with wild plants.
Yagel, or deer moss.
This is a group of bushy lichen species. Deer moss is the collective name of some lichens, but it is not moss. The color is greenish. When dried, it can be stored for a very long time and is not subject to spoilage. 2-3 handfuls of washed deer moss (moss) in a bucket of water. Boil for 15-20 minutes. Water will become fully potable.
Icelandic cetraria (Icelandic moss).
This is a leafy bushy lichen. It grows on trees, stumps, soil in open sandy places in pine forests, in swamps, away from industrial pollution. The presence of Icelandic moss is an indicator of the cleanliness of the environment. It has high antimicrobial activity against staphylococci, streptococci and some other microorganisms. It has adsorption properties. Contains iodine.
The height of this lichen is up to 10 cm. The thallus is formed by flat, in some places grooved folded, lobes. The upper surface of these blades is brown or greenish-brown, shiny. The lower surface is lighter: light brown, almost white, with numerous white spots and tears in the cortex. For decontamination of water use the same way as deer moss.
Juniper, thuja, spruce, pine, fir, cedar.
These are natural water purifiers. Take about 200 grams of young, fresh branches of any of these plants, add water to a bucket and boil for half an hour. Then, add a few pieces of oak, alder, willow or pine bark. Boil for about 15 minutes. Allow to cool. Remove the branches and bark from the container. Let the water settle. At the bottom there will be a brown, slightly soluble sediment. Drain the upper layer of water (having filtered through several layers of matter) into a clean container, and pour out the sediment.
Take 60 grams of bark or young twigs into a bucket of water. Boil for 30 minutes. Dilute the solution with dental powder, chalk or limestone..
15 large leaves in 3 liters of water. In 2 hours, even marsh water disinfects. Rowan leaves are reusable if washed well with clean water. To constantly have a supply, the leaves must be dried in the shade and packed in a paper bag.
Berries of hawthorn, arnica, calendula, feather grass, yarrow, St. John’s wort.
To disinfect water, take about 200 grams of these plants in a bucket of water. Boil for 15-20 minutes. Or insist 6-8 hours.
Field violet, camomile.
200-300 grams per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour.
2-3 handfuls per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour.
100-150 grams per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour.
Berries of cranberries, sea buckthorn, lingonberries, raspberries, rose hips, black currants, peel or core of apples.
Pour with cooled boiled water and let it brew a little.
Willow, oak, beech bark, birch bark.
About 150 grams of bark per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour. Or insist in warm water for at least six hours.
Hazelnut or Walnut Bark.
50 grams per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour.
Camel thorn, saxaul, tumbleweed.
Grind 200-300 grams per bucket of water. Boil for half an hour.
Field disinfection and disinfection of water using celandine.
The popular names of the celandine are: warthog, warthog, gladiator, glazkopar, yellow milkweed, yellow euphorbia, bloodthirsty, swallow grass, cadweed, seedling, dog soap, ditty, pure grass, chistoplot, nutcracker. It grows in moist ravines, shrubs, clearings, deciduous forests, but more often as a weed in pastures and weedy places. The plant has a straight, branched stem 50-100 cm high. If it is broken, then drops of thick milky juice will appear, which immediately becomes bright orange-yellow in the air, darker than flowers.
Leaves have 3-5 pairs of rounded or ovoid lobes. Green above, bluish below. The flowers are golden yellow, collected in a simple umbrella. Each flower consists of four petals about 1 cm long. It blooms from May to August. It has powerful bactericidal properties. But the plant is poisonous, especially the roots. Therefore, one must be extremely careful with him. To disinfect and disinfect water in the field, take 150 grams of celandine grass per 10 liters of water and boil. Then filter.
Based on the book “Survival beyond the threshold of civilization”.