Finnish knife or puukko. History, features, opinions

The knife is not only a murder weapon, but also a tool for everyday work. The only pity is that now many manufacturers are moving away from this concept, creating huge people who are impossible (or not advisable) to use in another way. Nevertheless, the so-called “national knives”, which are truly universal, have survived. They can kill someone and it is quite possible to create something useful for the household. And today we will talk about Finnish knife, which is exactly what it is.


It is necessary to immediately clarify that “Finnish knife“And” Finn “- these are completely different knives. Yes, there is some continuity, but the tasks of the Finca are completely different. And the shape is very different. But more on this later.

So, Finnish knife – one of the oldest versions of knives, which has practically not changed over time. In the excavations of the Bronze Age find bone and metal samples, which in form practically do not differ from modern products. This is understandable – the blade is as simple as possible, without technical frills, but it performs its task perfectly. Moreover, it was this form of knife that later became entrenched throughout Northern Europe and part of Russia. And not only entrenched, but also became the basis for their own “developments” – the notorious Finn is an excellent confirmation of this. And when developing the Knife of the Scout, the NR-40 was taken as the basis Finnish knife.

In his homeland, by the way, he is called puukko, which in translation means “a knife with a wooden handle.” And I will not even begin to list how many specific types of this knife exist there. Each also has its own name, depending on the purpose, the area of ​​manufacture, and the shape of the features. And this, of course, is interesting, but it does not matter. And it is important that the simple Finnish knife – huge potential and possibility of modernization. What, in fact, actively engaged in modern masters.

But Finnish knife, first of all, a tool for everyday use. And among the people, especially among the representatives of the indigenous population, they prefer the simplest varieties with some “professional” changes. For example, in models used by hunters for skinning, a butt lift may be observed – the so-called “Trailing point, and sometimes a hook for gutting. This model is called Nylkypuukko. Finnish knives were so popular that in 1977 a law was passed prohibiting the wearing of puukko within the city limits. In other places – please wear and use for health – this is a tool, not a murder weapon. By the way, most Finnish knives under the category of “cold weapons” are not suitable.

Special features

Finnish knife as simple as possible. Straight short (10 cm shorter than the handle) blade, with a straight back and a rather thick butt (up to 5 mm). Cutting edge without carts, formed by slopes. The section is wedge-shaped, there are no structural tweaks. Variants with valleys, drop points and bevels are typical only for specialized hunting varieties or for a modification, which is actively influenced by current trends in “knife-making”.

The handle is straight, uniform, without finger stops. Maybe a little shorter than the average male palm, which is why a specific “Finnish hold” was created, which is also called “diagonal”. Handle with it rests on the palm and adheres to three fingers, and the other two hold the other end of the handle. If you hold tightly, your fingers on the blade will not slip. But you need to get used to this grip. The material structure of the handle – cap or Karelian birch (extremely rare – bone), richly impregnated with wax, also contributes to effective retention. Wax not only protects the tree from rotting and moisture, but also prevents fingers from slipping, causing a slight “sticking”.

The handle of the Finnish knife is usually ordinary, barrel-shaped. Possibly with metal trim. In some cases – with a bend or figured image, which helps to touch the blade orientation by touch. At the same time, the end should still rest against the palm, therefore large-scale and complex structures are not welcome.

The sheath is plain leather, possibly with a wooden liner. The blade is completely buried, the handle – in part. Here, by the way, a bend at the end, which facilitates extraction, is useful. Suspension waist or neck.


Base knife. Simple, versatile, convenient. Many are beginning to master the skill of using knives with just some kind of puukko. Even the debate is about beauty rather than convenience. People discuss the quality, material and shape of the handle, the pattern on the blade, the design features of the scabbard, but not how comfortable this blade is. Because claims to it in principle should not be. Of course, if you want something more complicated and specialized, then it is better to switch to other blades, equipped with corresponding design features. But here everything depends on personal wishes.

And efficiency Finnish knife is high. Otherwise, criminal elements, for which the main criterion is maximum simplicity, convenience and inconspicuousness, wouldn’t use Finns so extensively.

Speaking of Finns. It all began in the early twentieth century, during the Soviet-Finnish wars. We will not argue about legality and about how someone won, let us say only that the Red Army were very surprised at how effectively the Finnish fighters use their knives puukko. And, of course, they wanted such knives for themselves. That’s just the Finnish grip still need to get used, so I had to upgrade the model for personal convenience.

Hence the emphasis for the fingers (so as not to grasp the blade accidentally), and the beveled shape of the handle (even less chance of something slipping), and the longer blade (to go deeper and causing more damage), and using stacked plastic rings ( and that is simple and tasteful, plus some relief allows you to slide less), and the valleys on the blade (krovostok is cool, yes!). So yes, for a beginner in the art of owning knives, Finn is even easier than the classic Finnish knife.

Summarizing. Finnish knife – great thing. The simplest, most effective, available in various, including specialized, options. In the inventory – mast hev.

Finnish knife “puukko”. History, features, opinions

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