Finnish knife, origin, features, types of Finnish knives, pukko and Lapland knife.

The Finnish knife is a universal type knife, widespread in Finland, Karelia and all Scandinavian countries. First of all, the Finnish knife is intended for household needs. 

Finnish knife, origin, features, types of Finnish knives, pukko and Lapland knife.

The modern Finnish knife owes its origin to household and hunting knives, which were widespread in Northern Europe in the early Middle Ages. The characteristic features of Finnish knives are the lack of a guard, a single-blade blade and, as a rule, a wooden handle with a minimum of metal parts.

Despite its original economic purpose, the Finnish knife is quite applicable as a weapon. A vivid example is the great popularity of the Finnish and its various modifications on the territory of the Russian Empire, and then the Soviet Union. The popularity of this knife was so great that almost all-combat knives began to be called the criminal term “finca” in the USSR, regardless of design and type.

Finnish knife, origin, features, types of Finnish knives, pukko and Lapland knife.

There are several types of Finnish knives. The most famous, classic Finnish knife is pukko. The length of the pucco blade rarely exceeds 15 cm. The traditional scabbard for pucco is leather, with a tip like “salmon tail”. The leather hides most of the handle of the knife, due to which it holds firmly in the sheath.

Finnish knife, origin, features, types of Finnish knives, pukko and Lapland knife.

Another famous type of Finnish knife is the so-called Lapland knife. Distinctive features of the Lapland knife are relatively large sizes, a straight blade, sometimes expanding towards the end, a wooden handle, expanding at the end.

Combat and army knives made on the basis of Finnish knives.

The popularity of Finnish knives in their homeland is so great that even official samples of combat and army knives were developed on the basis of national weapons. As an example, consider the bayonet-knife to the M6 ​​assault rifle and the M95 combat knife, which are in service with the Finnish army.

The design of the Finnish knife also formed the basis of many military models of various countries. Finnish-style combat knives were usually supplemented with a guard – an emphasis for the fingers, allowing a more powerful strike without risking damage to the hand. In particular, on the basis of the Finnish knife, a Soviet scout knife was created.

Based on the book Small Encyclopedia of Cold Steel.
Pavel Yugrinov.

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