Air flights are already firmly entrenched in our lives. Someone flies often – it’s not a matter of course.
To improve systems. aircraft (Further The sun), and first of all – in the safety of passengers. Statistics claim that this is the most secure. But as we know, in the midst of the air carriers, unfortunately, there is a bitter experience. Analysis of civil aviation accidents, according to the United States of America, showed that accidents aircraft accidents, and fire.
Helping you know how to use it? Next, we’ll discuss this in more detail. In the case of the aircraft, it’s not necessary to do so. It was recommended that the aircraft types be used. So …
In the case of the aircraft, it’s not necessary to do so.
It was the time when it was necessary to take care of the emergency situation. lifeboats, fire extinguishing equipment and others).
It’s necessary to ensure that all aircraft are flying at high speeds. Such cabins are called hermetic. The passenger compartment of the passenger compartment. It is a heat exchanger. Passenger compartment, utility room, utility room, utility room, kitchen buffets, wardrobes, stationary and portable oxygen cylinders, fire extinguishers. Natural and synthetic materials are used for interior decoration of passenger compartments. The length of the fuselage are communications of various systems: anti-icing, air conditioning, oxygen, hydraulic, wiring harnesses. There is an energy center (auxiliary control system), rectifiers, transformers, and transformers. All this makes the fuselage dangerous in terms of fire.
It has been designed to ensure that it can accommodate passengers, passengers, cargo, baggage, various equipment and aircraft systems.
The main fire hazard zones of aircraft:
- tanks with hydraulic fluid;
- rechargeable batteries;
- petrol heaters (on piston-engined aircraft);
- oxygen cylinders;
- power plants;
- oil tanks of power plants;
- anti-icing system;
- air conditioning system; heating n ventilation;
- fuel tanks;
- auxiliary power unit (VSU).
Cylinders with instruments are provided. Stationary oxygen systems are used to supply oxygen to the crew members. Oxygen cylinders are instruments that are unwell. Composition of the stationary oxygen system includes: workplaces, pipelines.
In the case of the aircraft, the number of the stationary aircraft is in the air.
It is necessary to avoid the explosion. It is located in the passenger compartment.
Placement of equipment and rescue equipment on Il-62 (a), An-24 (b), Tu-134A (c) aircraft:
- emergency exits;
- oxygen cylinders;
- plating cutting zones;
- emergency ladders.
By the use of (30 ± 10)%, it can be seen as the smoke sensor. smoke appearance (number of luggage, cargo compartment, etc.), as well as voice information equipment and siren. Signs of the fuselage compartments are recorded by the MSRP system. In the case of a firewall, it is not a problem. Connecting a portable fire extinguisher to it. They are equipped with fire alarm and fire extinguishing systems.
It is intended to eliminate the use of fire and smoke. OP1-2, OP2-6 and Ou.
Manual fire extinguishers:
- OP1-2 “Water”;
- OP2-6 “Freon”
Manual Fire Extinguishers OP1-2 and OP2-6 with an inscription “Freon»Can be used to eliminate liquids. Fire extinguishers OP1-2 with an inscription “Water“Heat extinguishers Ou can be used to extinguish all types of substances, including flammable liquids and electrical equipment.
To actuate the fire extinguisher Ou It is necessary to take care of the situation. The fire extinguisher will be discharged while the hook is pressed (no more than 45 s).
To actuate the fire extinguisher OP1-2 it is necessary to move it to you. In this case, the control will remain the same. It is about 1.5-1.2 m for a distance of 2–2.5 m. to the stop. The fire extinguisher will discharge while the start lever is pressed.
To actuate the fire extinguisher OP2-6 It is necessary. It is clear that you can go. The fire extinguisher is discharged while the start lever is pressed.
The following recommendations should be observed:
- There is no evidence that the effect should be taken.
- whenever possible, bypassing the fire from all sides;
- It is a scaffolding. If you are not in the air, you will be able to do this.
- extinguishing should not be performed on the windward side;
- for foci, it’s turned out to be a radio button.
Using service doors and hatches
Emergency doors and doors are used. For this purpose, it can be used. On the aircraft, where the wing is located, there are emergency exits to the wing. The passenger compartment is located in the passenger compartment. These aircraft cargo hatches are also emergency exits for passengers. It can be used as a vehicle for the fucking vehicle.
In the cockpit there are vents or hats located in the ceiling through it.
As a rule, emergency exits are located on the left side of the fuselage (service outlets on the right side). For all passengers, passengers and passengers of the crew. Stencils are located above each exit and are labeled “Exit”. All inscriptions are illuminated from the inside of the cockpit.
It has been shown to be completed.
Preparation of the Tu-154 in an emergency route:
a – ways of leaving the aircraft:
1. emergency ropes;
2. emergency inflatable traps TH-2;
b – preparing passengers for an emergency landing;
c – opening of emergency exits;
g – leaving rope through an emergency rope
Order opening doors and hatches
All the emergency exits, including the upper air escape line. caps cockpit
Can be used for emergency situations.
Ways of passengers leaving equipment in emergency and onboard emergency rescue equipment:
a – ways of leaving the aircraft:
1. emergency ropes;
2. inflatable traps TH-2;
b – adopted posture before an emergency landing;
c – the order of the opening doors and hatches;
g – passenger escaping aircraft using an inflatable gangway and a canvas chute
Rules of escape of an aircraft
Homing aircraft inflatable ladders, cloth troughs and rescue ropes. All life-saving appliances are placed on the outside. Inflatable ladders TN-2 hinged platform; TN-3 folding front door. There is a junction on the IL-62 plane. -134A plane – in the crew’s wardrobe. Above each case, there are a few extra mounds, there are under hat hats. One end of the rope is fixed to the fuselage bracket.
To bring inflatable ladder TH-2 (TH-3) the hatch, the hatch; the hatch; the hatch; There is no need for more information. It is necessary to take care of the situation. The woman will fall out of it. It was a winding tide. The valve should not be turned with force. The ladder is filled at 10–40 ° C. When they’ve been on the air, they’ll leave behind them. It is necessary to evacuate the ladder from the aircraft. Allowed to simultaneously run down the ladders TN-2 and TN-3 no more than 2 people The inflatable ramp is 100 people. in 2.5-3 minutes
Cloth tray It is a concept of escape from aircraft through service and emergency exits. It is made of the material “cape-coat” with a combined impregnation. It is necessary to remove the chute from the door. Throwing the rope for 2 people or 4 people. and stretch the cloth 4-5 m away from the sun. Holding two or four loops, the passengers are lowered down. It is allowed to travel along the fabric. Passenger insurance is required.
To bring rescue rope you can open the door (window, sunroof, astroluk) or you can open the door. If you’re on the front panel, you’ll be able to go ahead.
The IL-86 and the Yak-42 for emergency evacuation of passengers. A single-track, 2 person leave the aircraft.
Determination of the sequence in the evacuation of people
For the situation and the emergency situation. In the case of the aircraft, it is under the control of the aircraft. . They select from the number of people. on the left and right sides of the fuselage. Explain to passengers, through which exits they will leave the aircraft. If possible, transplant children with their parents closer to the emergency exit that has an inflatable ladder.
It is an agreement on the aircraft of the emergency aircraft. Forwarding is a matter of course. For each type of aircraft,
It’s not a problem. or under the wing).
Safety when evacuating people
It’s not possible to stop it. Dentures, pens, knives, lighters, sweaters, knives, lighters, nylon stockings. During the flight, they are closely monitored. If there are children on the plane, during the landing. It is a few seconds before a landing trip. this position until the aircraft is completely stopped. After a full stop, passengers unfasten their seat belts and are evacuated by the crew.
It is impossible to scour the people. Do not leave a door. It is necessary to ensure that the door has been removed from the door. If necessary, it’s possible to rescue ramp or fabric.
For the people of the world. It’s not necessary to make sure you can use it. . After the end of the aircraft, it is 100m from the emergency aircraft. The aircraft commander organizes the aircraft after an emergency landing.
A source: Fire safety at civil aviation aerodromes
Fire on the aircraft