What fire safety tips should you learn before camping? People wait for summer, the perfect time for camping, vacations and picnics. Who would not love the beautiful light of the sun and the wonderful breeze of the wind, especially when it is outdoors and camping?
The sun is burning, a perfect opportunity for everyone to enjoy the summer with games full of fun and family adventures that might not be possible until next summer. And the campers believe that the sound of the embers, the flickering flames and the sensation of heat coming from the bonfire are a joy for the heart. A bonfire provides not only heat, but also beauty to the environment, but it is also an important tool for cooking.
But during the summer season, when everyone else enjoys the camp, all their images and sounds, injuries, accidents and FIRES can also happen; In fact, around 3,800 Americans are injured by the charcoal grill or gas fires, due to recreational fire and outdoor cooking.
Part of the problem is the growing tendency to use fire wells, something that has been related to the Fire Service in recent years because they are the main causes of fires in camps and forest fires. Campfires are the best options among families and groups that do outdoor activities, such as camping and picnics. These sources of fire, while providing a great atmosphere and warmth, proved dangerous for the camps, especially when they get out of control and a fire starts.
Therefore, if you were using a fire pit for an outdoor family activity this weekend, read on and list the most important tips when using them, as well as tips to keep the campfire-free with proper and safe use. of the fire wells. bonfires
What you need to remember when considering a fire pit
Check if the campground has existing fire rings or fire pits. If there are none and holes are allowed, look for a site, preferably one located fifteen feet away from the tent walls, trees and where flammable materials are stored or located. Do not use highly flammable liquids, such as alcohol, gasoline, diesel, liquid charcoal lighter and kerosene when re-igniting the fire. Practice caution when working with open fire, and do not allow children to approach.
You should also avoid using flammable clothing, including that made of nylon. And then, do not burn leaves, cardboard, garbage and plywood, among other flammable materials and do not use softwood, such as cedar or pine, which emits sparks and is more likely to break loose. Use only seasoned hardwood. Before starting the fire, make sure that the well cover is still closed to easily extinguish the fire in case of emergencies and do not overload it. Finally, make sure there is a fire extinguisher or a water source near the fire pit.
What to take into account of fires
Bonfires are some of the main causes of injuries for both campers and forest fires. What you need to remember is to practice proper burning techniques along with the use of safety measures to protect the forest, yourself and your campmates. The first advice is to check forecasts and weather fluctuations, including sudden wind gusts that could cause sparks in the debris, which could lead to forest fires.
Ideally, the campfire should be less than four feet in diameter and three feet tall and use only untreated wood (no paint, varnish …) and only charcoal when making a campfire. Surround your campfire with rocks that not only keep the fire in place safe, but also add heat to the fire.
When building a campfire, be sure to do it in a place away from tree branches, dry grass and bushes, cars and rotten stumps, among other highly flammable materials and sources. You should also take note of the fire clearance of at least three times the height of your stack because the heat usually extends beyond the actual fire that you can see.
Also, you should make sure that the place where the fire is burning is surrounded by mineral soil or gravel, which should be at least ten feet in all directions, according to the sources, or you can also water the surrounding areas before making a fire. .
If you are using the BQ unit, burn barrel or a small hole, be sure to put rocks under and around it; otherwise, fire can start underground through decaying matter and root systems.
Now, when you build the campfire, you should start with small sticks or dry twigs and then with the larger pieces of wood, which should point towards the center of the fire on top of them. Slowly, push them to the fire when they start to burn. Do not use highly flammable materials when lighting the fire or to keep it burning and do not release the phosphor you used in the lighting until it is cool enough to touch it. Stack a little extra wood from the fire.
Also, make sure there is a water source near the campfire or have a shovel ready so you can throw sand on the fire in case of emergency. You should not leave the fire, once lit, unattended because even a small wind can spread the fire. Choke the fire with water when you turn it off, or use dirt if you can not find any source of water. (* To use earth, mix sand and earth and continue adding and stirring with the fire until it is outside). If you use charcoal, do not bury them, as they may burn to start burning again.
Extinguishing the campfire for safety.
Like making a campfire or using a campfire, there are certain guidelines on how to put out the fire. We have compiled and listed the most important ones below.
You should allow, as much as possible, burn all the wood in ashes and pour plenty of water to make sure the fire is completely turned off. Keep pouring until you hear no whistle. You can also scrape the trunks and sticks to remove the embers and stir them well to make sure everything is wet. Finally, make sure it is already cool to the touch before leaving it.
Keeping the campfire
When you have established a strong fire, you must add larger pieces of wood to keep the fire lit and lit constantly. You must make sure that your children and pets do not go anywhere near it, too.
While enjoying the view of a successful campfire setup, you should keep in mind that you are responsible for maintaining security in the vicinity, not setting yourself on fire. You can do this by keeping the fire at a manageable size and not leaving it unattended. Do not also cut branches and live trees to use them as fuel because they do not burn well and cutting them is not a good practice.
Additional safety tips to prevent fires in the campsite.
Check the current rules and regulations of the camp where you plan to go because some of them do not allow fires, especially during the drought, and sometimes stoves are not even allowed. When necessary, you must obtain a campfire permit.
You should also explain all safety precautions to your group, especially among children, and teach them techniques to stop, fall and roll on the ground if they catch fire.
Do not take chances in all cases, so always be prepared for the worst scenarios when doing outdoor activities and do not neglect, but think before you act and learn how to perform CPR and first aid.
Speaking of first aid, you should take note of certain things you must bring before camping, especially in terms of supplies needed for your kit. You must make sure that your kit is very useful and, therefore, you must know what to bring and how much to bring, according to different factors and individual needs. However, your first aid kit must include,
- Scotch tape
- Personal medications
- Antiseptic wipes
- Sterile gauze pads
- hook pins
- Bee sting kit
- Insect repellent
- Medications for sinusitis
- Notepad and pen
- Splinting materials
- Sterile compresses
- Contact person
- small mirror
- Shaving blades
- Triangular bandages
- Antibiotic cream
- Applicant / ibuprofen
- Band assistants
- Sunburn lotion
- Ace bandages
- Snake bit kit
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Burn ointment
- Eye drops
- Packages of cold and heat
- Latex gloves
- Small flashlight
- Mole of skin for blisters.
- First aid manuals
- Nail clipper
- Poisonous ivy cleaner or creams.
- Antibacterial soap
You must also keep yourself updated with CPR and first aid and keep your supplies in a well-marked and waterproof container. You must also keep your content organized and know how to apply and use first aid.
* These things that we have listed do not have to do with fire safety, but with other things that you need to camp in the open air in general.
What to do when you catch fire at the campsite?
When you set fire to your clothes, you should do the following:
To stay in a place Because moving or running feeds air into the fire and can make the fire worse.
The next is fall to the ground If you were standing Fire can burn your face, so to protect it, fold your arms up on your chest.
Roll slowly on the floor, Ideally on a blanket or rug if you found one. Finally you have to cool down with water either for first or second degree burns, but do not remove the melted clothes from the skin.
* When the area catches fire, do not try to extinguish it yourself, but leave immediately.
Tips to avoid fires in the campsite.
Practice caution when using gas containers and keep them upright at all times. You should store them in a well-ventilated area and check for any leaks by placing soap around the entire connection. You should also turn them off when not in use. And when your stove is on, do not attempt to remove or install new propane cylinders, or remove / install one near a pilot light, a flame or sources of ignition.
Also, use a funnel when filling the tank and be careful to avoid spilling the fuel. Do not store any fuel container or operate the stove near another source of fire, such as the campfire. Only operate the stove in a well-ventilated open space and do not use it in a closed area, such as a tent.
Everyone should be aware of carbon monoxide when they camp. One thing you should do is not to bring a burning barbecue inside a caravan or tent, since the charcoal can emit the poisonous carbon monoxide that is colorless and odorless. Even after cooking, the carbon monoxide stays in the air, so make sure the fumes do not accumulate in the tents when cooking in tent-free and windy places.
In some cases, people use mobile homes, boats and caravans when camping, and these are also prone to catch fire, as portable appliances and bottled fuels such as paraffin, petroleum gas and kerosene are used in cooking and cooking. to warm. . Do not use these products inside tents or indoors.
Do your homework on camping fire safety arrangements. Do not use appliances that burn oil, such as flashlights or candles inside the store, but use a torch on the outside. Do not smoke inside your store. Place the cooking area away from your tent and then cook the appliances in a safe place, where they will not be knocked down. You should also keep matches, gas cylinders and flammable liquids out of reach of children. And design an escape plan before camping.
What to do during the fire at the campsite.
I should get everyone immediately because the fire in the stores can grow and spread quickly. You should also call the Fire and Rescue Service immediately and provide them with a reference map, which includes reference points, such as a farm, so they can find it easily.
If you are smoking, be sure to put out the fire properly and do not throw your ends on the floor or outside the window of your caravan; Instead, take it home.
Do not leave bottles and glasses in the woods because they can start shooting with the sunlight shining through them.
Optional: try methods that do not match to build fire
First it is based on friction, probably one of the most difficult of all, although you can use several techniques to do it. Use an axle (a stick) to make friction with a fireboard. When you make enough friction between the two, you can make an ember to make fire. (Fireboards can be juniper, poplar, poplar, cypress, willow or walnut). Make sure that the wood you use is completely dry.
The following is the manual drill method, which is somehow one of the most primitive means of making fire without matches. What you need are your hands, wood and “determination”. Make a tinder nest, what to use to make the flame that you will get from the spark that your hands can make. (The tinder can be from dry leaves and bark to dry grass, among other materials). Create a V-shaped notch on the fireboard and then make a depression adjacent to it.
Put some tree barks, something you’ll need to catch a frost from the friction coming from the fireboard and the spindle. Start turning before placing the shaft in the depression of the fireboard. This axis should be about two feet long. Keep the pressure on the board and then start rolling it between the hands that should be running around the shaft quickly.
Continue to do so until an ember is made, and when there is fire, you can begin to touch the fire board to drop the ember on the bark or leaves. Transfer these to your tinder nest and then gently blow to keep the flame burning.
Alternatively, you can use traditional lenses when creating fire. If you have a lens to focus sunlight on a specific place, then this option to make fire without matches may be for you. Get glasses or magnifying glasses and add water to the lens to intensify the beam.
Then, you must tilt the glass into direct sunlight so that the beam is focused on a very small point as much as possible. Put a tinder nest under the lens. But keep in mind that this method only works when the sun is high.
There is our guide to make everyone in the camp safe by learning the best tips to prevent fires in the camp. If you think we’ve missed something here, feel free to add your tips in the comments section below. Finally, do not forget to share this article with other campers who could benefit from it.
CAMPING AND Hiking