Bites of arthropod insects (scorpions, karakurt) are life-threatening, and bites of blood-sucking insects cause great discomfort. Hymenoptera bites (wasps, bees, and others) often cause allergic reactions. In any case, the victim needs first aid.
First aid for bites of scorpion, karakurt, blood-sucking insects, mosquitoes, wood biting, midges, mosquitoes, horseflies and hymenoptera.
Scorpion bite, symptoms.
Scorpion venom contains toxic substances that strongly affect the nervous system and neuromuscular conduction. Scorpions are found in desert and steppe regions. Most often, insect bites occur during a person’s stay in nature. In very rare cases, insects enter the human home.
reactions to bites in people with hypersensitivity to insect poisons. An allergic reaction to stinging can be local, general, and mixed. When stinging with one insect, only soreness and slight inflammation appear (the skin turns red and swelling is noted) at the site of the bite, while there is a burning sensation.
With a local reaction, severe swelling of the skin and subcutaneous tissue occurs, with a diameter of more than 5 cm. Swelling is more pronounced with bites in the face, neck and lips. The phenomena of general intoxication are weak or absent. Intoxication can be manifested by slight chills, nausea, dizziness. A general allergic reaction is felt in the form of urticaria, joint damage, anaphylactic shock, Quincke’s edema, an attack of bronchial asthma. In addition, it can be mixed. Any of these manifestations can develop both in the first minutes after a bite, and in 0.5–2 hours.
First aid for Hymenoptera bites.
After stinging with a bee, use a pair of tweezers to remove the sting from the bite. After that moisten the wound with alcohol, vodka or cologne, and then apply cold to it. If the stings are multiple, then after processing the wounds, 0.3–1 ml of a 0.1% solution of adrenaline hydrochloride is subcutaneously injected. Inside, you can take anti-allergic drugs (diphenhydramine, promethazine or chloropyramine). To reduce intoxication, an abundant warm drink is indicated. The most dangerous are allergic reactions that can very quickly end in death – anaphylactic shock.
Therefore, all persons with hypersensitivity to bee and wasp stings should, whenever possible, avoid the places where these insects accumulate and have a supply of necessary medicines with them. If a severe asthma attack develops, then isadrine hydrochloride or orciprenaline sulfate is used in the form of inhalation. In severe cases, hospitalization is required. There, intravenous administration of a 5% glucose solution with prednisone or hydrocortisone is carried out. Mandatory introduction of solutions of antiallergic drugs. If necessary, conduct resuscitation measures..
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.