Damage to the visual organ often occurs when foreign bodies enter the heads. They can enter the eye socket, conjunctiva of the eyelids and the eyeball itself, including the cornea.
First aid for foreign bodies in the eye, ear, nose, conjunctiva, cornea.
Non-penetrating foreign bodies of the conjunctiva
Small grains of sand, coal dust, pieces of stone, metal and eyelashes more often fall into the conjunctiva. When foreign bodies enter the conjunctiva, an unpleasant sensation appears in the eye area, it becomes difficult to look at the light, lacrimation begins, and there may be cutting pain. If you pull down the lower eyelid or turn the upper eyelid, then on the surface of the mucosa you can find a foreign body.
you need to pour heated vegetable or petroleum jelly into the ear canal. This will lead to the death of the insect, then it will be easy to remove.
It is better to remove the foreign body by washing the ear with warm water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate from a large syringe, which can be replaced by an enema can. A stream of liquid must be directed along the upper wall of the ear canal, while a foreign body is washed out with the liquid. If it has swollen (peas, beans), you first need to pour a few drops of heated 70% ethyl alcohol into the ear. Do not rinse your ear if there is damage to the eardrum, with a complete blockage of the ear canal, as well as with metal shavings.
If washing does not remove a foreign body, you must contact a specialized clinic. When bleeding occurs from the external auditory canal, a sterile gauze swab is inserted into the ear. In the future, the victim is urgently required to be hospitalized in a supine position in the ENT department of the hospital. You can take painkillers (metamizole sodium, tramadol).
Foreign bodies of the nose.
Foreign bodies more often fall into one half of the nose. They are dangerous in that they can penetrate the lower respiratory tract. If a foreign body enters the nasal cavity, then sneezing and lacrimation reflexively occur. Then there is difficulty in nasal breathing and purulent runny nose from the side of the lesion. When acute foreign bodies get into the nose, pain and bleeding are detected. Small smooth foreign bodies may not cause any symptoms for a long time..
First aid for foreign bodies in the nose.
Small foreign bodies can be removed by blowing. But before that, vasoconstrictors should be instilled into the nose – solutions of ephedrine or naphthyzine. If it was not possible to remove the foreign body, then the victim must contact the ENT department of the hospital. Hospitalization of patients is performed to remove a large foreign body when surgical intervention is necessary.
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.