Poisoning by poisonous plants is not uncommon. Among wild-growing and even houseplants, a large number of poisonous plants are found. Poisoning can cause not only poisonous, but also conditionally poisonous plants (poison in them forms in a certain time period). In plant poisoning, the central nervous system, liver and kidneys are most often affected..
First aid for poisoning by plants aconite, belladonna, dope, raven eye, larkspur, fern.
Aconite poisoning (wrestler).
Salivation, burning sensation in the mouth appears, then nausea, vomiting begin, the stool becomes liquid. Then dizziness, loss of skin sensitivity join. In severe cases, breathing is disturbed, convulsions and loss of consciousness occur.
. Death possible.
First aid for belladonna and dope poisoning.
When providing emergency care, they cause vomiting, gastric lavage and a cleansing enema. For gastric lavage, it is recommended to use weakly brewed tea. After washing the stomach, it is necessary to give the victim a suspension of activated carbon from 10-15 tablets and water (1-2 glasses). When excited, give calming heart drops. To alleviate the condition during heat, you can wrap the affected person with a wet sheet. Be sure to call an ambulance.
Poisoning with a wolfberry (wolf bast).
After eating wolf berries, there is a burning sensation in the mouth, salivation, abdominal pain (in the epigastric region), and a throat. Then dizziness, convulsions join. In case of plants poisoning, repeated vomiting and loose stools lead to dehydration – the skin becomes dry, thirst is noted. Gastrointestinal bleeding possible.
First aid for wolf poisoning.
Mandatory emergency call. It is necessary to remove the contents from the stomach and intestines – cause vomiting, gastric lavage, preferably through a probe and a cleansing enema. Laxatives and emetics are not recommended. The victim is given a drink or a mucous substance (starch broth) or a mixture of egg white with water is injected through a stomach tube. Activated charcoal 3–5 g each is given 3 times within an hour. A heavy drink is recommended; in severe cases, intravenous administration of 0.9% sodium chloride solution and 5% glucose solution. If traces of blood are found in the vomit and washings from the stomach, 1 ml of 1% Vikasol solution, 5-10 ml of 10% calcium chloride solution are injected, in severe cases (with severe bleeding) – 1-2 ml of 12.5% ethamsylate solution, blood products. An ice bladder is applied to the stomach..
Four Leaf Leaf Poisoning.
More often, the fruit is poisoned by this plant. After their use, vomiting, loose stools, and abdominal pain occur. Then symptoms that are similar to poisoning with atropine sulfate or plants such as belladonna, dope are added – this is dryness of the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, fear of light. Swallowing and speech are disturbed. In severe cases, convulsions develop, there may be hallucinations. Significantly disrupted the work of the cardiovascular system. Fatal coma may develop.
First aid for four-leafed eye poisoning.
To cleanse the gastrointestinal tract cause vomiting, do gastric lavage and a cleansing enema. Then, the victim is given activated charcoal (3-5 g) and enveloping agents inside. As the latter, you can use starch broth, milk, egg white. Emergency medical assistance required.
Poisoning with this plant is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, respiratory disorders and cardiac activity. The victim develops weakness, dizziness, then blood pressure drops sharply. There may be cramps and choking.
First aid for field poisoning.
The gastrointestinal tract is cleaned – gastric lavage and a cleansing enema. To wash the stomach using a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the victim is given a drink of a suspension of activated carbon (5-10 tablets per 1-2 glasses of water). An ambulance team should be called in. In severe poisoning, 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine sulfate, 0.05% prozerin solution is administered intravenously. To increase blood pressure, 0.5–1 ml of a 5% solution of ephedrine hydrochloride, 1–2 ml of a 10–20% solution of caffeine are injected intravenously, and 2 ml of a 10% sulfocamphocaine solution are subcutaneously injected. Respiratory arrest is an indication for resuscitation..
Male Fern Poisoning.
When poisoning with a male fern, the victim develops nausea and vomiting, loose stools. Dizziness, visual disturbances are noted. Toxic effects on the central nervous system are manifested by drowsiness, inhibition of the activity of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as seizures.
First aid for fern poisoning.
In case of poisoning, it is recommended to wash the victim’s stomach through a probe several times and, finally, introduce a suspension of activated carbon (6–10 tablets per glass of water). To cleanse the intestines, a saline laxative is given (15-30 g of sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate per 1-2 glasses of water). It is impossible to use castor and petroleum jelly oils, as well as other fats for a laxative effect (complications from the organs of vision are possible).
To remove toxins from the body, you need to drink more fluid. Seek emergency medical attention. To maintain cardiovascular activity, subcutaneously inject 10% solution of caffeine (1-2 ml), cordiamine (1 ml). For antitoxic purposes, methionine tablets are prescribed (0.25 g 3-4 times a day).
Poisoning sleep grass.
Juice is a dream herb very caustic. In contact with skin, it causes the formation of blisters and ulcers. When a plant is used inside, the gastrointestinal tract is affected – pain and burning occur along the esophagus and in the epigastric region of the abdomen. Salivation appears. Renal function is impaired. Convulsions, cardiac disturbances (increased heart rate, drop in blood pressure) and breathing (shortness of breath, rhythm disturbances) appear. Death possible.
First aid for grass poisoning.
It is necessary to remove the poison from the gastrointestinal tract. Why do gastric lavage through a tube. The victim is given activated charcoal (3-5 g) and enveloping agents (milk, raw eggs) inside. In case of pain in the epigastric region, it is recommended to swallow small pieces of ice. To reduce burning sensation along the esophagus, vegetable oils can be given (1 tbsp. L. Every hour). Be sure to call an ambulance. Conducted infusion therapy in the regime of forced diuresis. 4% sodium bicarbonate solution, 0.9% sodium chloride solution, 5% glucose solution, hemodesum, polyglukin are infused intravenously.
In convulsions, a 20% solution of sodium hydroxybutyrate is administered intramuscularly (120-150 mg / kg body weight) or intravenously (70-120 mg / kg body weight). Tranquilizers in this poisoning are contraindicated. As diuretics, 15% mannitol solution or furosemide solution is used. To increase blood pressure, 1-2 ml of a 1% solution of mesatone or 0.2% solution of norepinephrine in 250-500 ml of a 5% glucose solution or 0.9% sodium chloride solution is injected intravenously. If necessary, carry out artificial respiration and indirect heart massage.
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.