Ruptures of fascia, ligaments, muscles and tendons are often accompanied by bone fractures and dislocations of the joints, but can be without them. Damage to tissues with partial preservation of their integrity, in some cases and functions, is called stretching. This is the most common damage to the articular ligaments..
The origin of this type of injury is directly related to the action of two multidirectional forces or one significant force acting in the same direction. As a rule, this type of injury occurs during a fall (domestic or industrial injury), lifting weights (domestic or sports injury), or fast running (mainly sports injury).
The treatment is almost the same as with soft tissue injury. If the mechanical force acting on the body from outside exceeds the natural resistance of the tissues, then the ligaments, fascia, muscles, tendons, nerves break.
First aid for torn ligaments, tendons, fascia and muscles.
Ligament rupture occurs during joint injury, accompanied by a violation of their functions. Signs of rupture of the articular ligaments are severe pain, a significant restriction (to impossibility) of movement in the injured joint, the presence of hemorrhage in the soft tissue at the site of injury.
injury). Due to trauma in the fascia, a slit-like defect is formed, through which (under tension) a muscle fragment protrudes, which is easy to observe in the victim.
In terms of first aid, only tight bandaging and immobilization of the injured limb are recommended, movements in the injured limb or other part of the body can aggravate the pathological process. The treatment of fascia rupture is operational and takes place in the surgical department of the hospital. With pain, you can give the victim analgesics.
First aid for muscle break.
Full or partial muscle breaks – phenomena in clinical practice are quite rare. Such injuries in most cases occur when lifting very heavy weights or when falling from a considerable height. All the same, muscles that are initially pathologically altered are more often torn. If a muscle breaks, then its ends contract and diverge. Muscle rupture is accompanied by pain, hemorrhage and palpation of a defect in the affected muscle. The function of the injured limb is impaired.
First aid for suspected muscle rupture is the complete immobilization of the damaged limb, the application of cold to the area of injury. With severe pain, affordable painkillers are administered, both orally and by injection – metamizole sodium, ketorolac, tramadol. In the future, physiotherapeutic procedures are carried out for incomplete muscle ruptures and surgical suturing – with a complete rupture, with old ruptures, stitching is used using plastic material – fragments of other muscles – and rigid immobilization for 3 weeks.
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.