Fishing at sea in terms of survival with a fishing rod and other simple fishing tackle is similar to that in a lake or river. Both there and there you need to find the most convenient places for fishing and choose the appropriate nudge. And in winter to break through the ice.
Emergency survival marine fishing, primitive fishing rod, simple fishing tackle, tidal fish traps.
Unlike freshwater fish, marine fish are less afraid of fishing tackle, and therefore fishing at sea can be more successful even if the fishing tackle is rougher than in the freshwater version. Hooks are preferably used from number 6 and above, the fishing line is not thinner than 0.2 mm. At sea, some additional difficulties are caused by the surf that interferes with fishing and very insignificant depths on sandy beaches. Therefore, fishing at sea begins with the search for capes that protrude far into the water, stone ridges or places where depths begin immediately from the coast.
You can not fish from wooden and other blockages and floating garbage piles that go into the water when the sea is restless. Sometimes a single-wave impact is enough to make a monolithic-looking structure crumble under your feet like a house of cards. It is unacceptable to fish from launching improvised rafts and boats, no matter what the catch. Any floating vessel can very quickly carry it into the open sea or smash it against coastal stones. And the surf is the most dangerous zone of the sea in terms of survival. Absolute calm and mirrored water surface should not calm the angler.
The sea is not a river, and not even a lake. The sea has a much more complex hydrological regime and a much more dangerous character. Many times we observed such natural phenomena as bora, rip, etc., during which the calm instantly turned into a boiling cauldron of a storm. On the other hand, the same tide that can put an inattentive fisherman to the brink of death can greatly facilitate his fishing. You only need to know how to use sea level fluctuations for your own purposes. For example, instead of a simple float rod, use a tidal.
Tidal fishing at sea.
A tidal fishing rod is a mixture of two types of tackle donkey and isamodura. Leads with hooks, on which various bait is mounted, are tied to a durable fishing line in 10-30 cm. The more hooks, the higher the likelihood of catch. At low tide, the fishing rod is drifted far into the sea, attached to a stake or a heavy stone that is firmly driven into the bottom. Its other end is attached to another stake. Water that comes in with the tide floods the tackle. After 12 hours, the fishing rod can be checked and removed from the hooks. To be able to check the tidal rod more than once every half day, you can complicate its design.
and tridents. Perfectly able to show themselves in the sea, woven tops from improvised material. Only do they need to be adjusted for the possible surf, more durable. In the coastal zone of the seas, tidal traps can be very effective. It is known that large sea fish at high tide come close to the shore to pick up a variety of edible garbage washed off the shore into the sea and hunt small fish swimming in flocks at the edge of the shore. If she blocks the way back to the sea, then after low tide the fish will be on land and will become easy prey for the fisherman. The tidal trap works on this principle..
Here’s how W. Buckley describes in the book Australian Robinson the invention of one of the modifications of such a trap.
One day, watching a fish, I noticed that at the mouth of the river the tide brought a school of bream and dragged it quite far up the river, to the place where a relatively deep tributary flows into Koraaf. Then the ebb began and brought the bream back. At that moment, the thought dawned on me: What if the fish were blocked from retreating? Then I will have large supplies of food, sent to me, apparently, by providence itself. All day and all night I was just thinking about it. In the morning I explored the river and found a shallow place no deeper than two feet, quite suitable for my undertaking. First of all, I gathered branches and reeds, tied them into large bundles and carried them to the river. Then he chopped long stakes and sharpened them from one end to keep them in the sand. As soon as enough material was collected and the water level was asleep, I began to make the dam and worked tirelessly until the dam was ready.
The tide began, thousands of fish appeared in the river. When the time came for the ebb and the fish suffered back to the sea, they, upon encountering an obstacle raised by me, rushed back in dismay, then, obeying the current, forward again, towards the sea, but, since the passage was closed, they had to turn again and so they rushed about until the edge of the dam stood high above the water, and they had no choice but to surrender to the mercy of the victor. So, to my great joy, I scored, or, if you like, caught mountains of fish, moreover, very tasty and large, most fishes weighed at least three pounds. Having roots, I was provided with food for a long time.
We observed the same principle of fishing in the Throat of the White Sea. Fishermen set high nets on a dry bottom at the time of the greatest decline in water. And they went to their huts to sleep. The arriving sea initially flooded the nets, and then again rolled away from them. After half a day, the fishermen woke up and went to collect a rich fish crop. Here is such, without soaking my feet, fishing at sea. Most tidal traps usually have the shape of a deep crescent, semicircle or triangle, open towards the shore. On rocky shores, trap walls are laid out from individual heavy stones and pebbles. On forested coasts, thick, strong stakes (close to each other in river traps and snacks) or raw logs laid parallel to the shore, fastened with stakes and ropes deeply driven into the ground, are fastened closely to each other (Fig. 3).
During construction, you should try to use the relief of the coastal strip as an integral part of the trap, for example, to connect high shallows with bridges, block bays, build up rocky ridges, block narrow channels connecting closed shallows with the sea, block the fence with stakes of estuaries, etc. If the volume of the forthcoming the work is great, part of the trap can be built on big water. The tide fills the trap with water. At a subsequent ebb tide, it is possible to collect fish, crustaceans and crab-shaped mollusks in a trap. For example, I will describe a trap that settles in a small backwater that is widely filled with water at high tide and is almost completely drained at low tide.
The neck of such a backwater should be laid with stones so that the top of the wall is several centimeters below the water level at high tide. In the backwater to throw more bait pieces of fish, protomollusks, etc. to attract the attention of fish. It is even better to arrange a kind of gate from horizontal and vertical poles, which can be lowered by special guides driven into the bottom at the beginning of low tide (Fig. 4). When the water comes down, all the fish and marine life remaining in the backwater can be collected by hand or, if there is a lot of water, obtained by the prison. If there is a small piece of the network, it can be laid on top of the wall that blocks the entrance to the backwater, and at the beginning of low tide, raise it up to the surface of the water. This method will allow you to take all the fish caught in the backwater trap..
In the absence of a rope network, it is possible to make its substitute from long straight poles connected to each other at equal distances. Such an impromptu network will have the form of a horizontally stretched rope ladder with very small distances between the steps (Fig. 5). You can try to drive and hold fish into small tidal traps until they are completely low, frightening them with sticks on the surface of the water and other sounds.
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.