Plastics as a structural material for the manufacture of fishing lures have taken a worthy place in the arsenal of craftsmen. Light Devonian, compound fish and a number of new plastic baits are more reliable and durable than wooden.
Fishing lures made of plastic, materials, manufacturing technology of Devon, fish, Baits Schuchka, Flatfish, Swimmerspoon, Funtik.
The most common for working at home are cold-hardened plastics. These include dental – styracryl, protacryl, rhodont, noracryl, stadont, as well as plastics used in industry – styracryl TS, acrylate ACT-T. The procedure for preparing plastic is indicated on the packaging or in the attached instructions. You can use homemade plastics, the recipe and preparation procedure of which will be given below.
The manufacturing technology of weighted salmon devon from standard plastic.
Fishing lures at home are typically cast in plaster molds. Consider the technology for making weighted salmon Devon from standard plastic. This bait is a lead head with an axis on which the Devonian body rotates. The barrel-shaped body of the salmon Devon is cast in a plaster mold. For strength, gypsum is kneaded on a weak solution of wood glue..
The model for the mold is made of waxy materials. On the rod, which should be three times thicker than the future axis of the bait, put on the workpiece, then process it with a knife, achieving the exact dimensions of the model. In the fully hardened body of the Devon, two oblique cuts are made with a hacksaw, at an angle of 45 degrees to the axis.
Then glued using dichloroethane (ethylene chloride, glacial acetic acid, 85% formic acid) two blades. From the ends stick plates with holes for the axis. The body and head of the salmon Devon are painted with light colors or silverfish. Sometimes reddish dots are applied.
Manufacturing technology for lightweight Devon from standard plastic.
Lightweight Devon is made using a similar technology, casting Devon’s body from a standard plastic into a mold. The difference is a foam insert. A suitable piece of rigid polystyrene is put on the rod, cut it rough with a knife. Then, with a piece of metal, the insert blank is rolled well. As a result, the insert is sufficiently compacted and becomes symmetrical.
The core and insert are carefully coated with hot paraffin (stearin, wax). This is done so that the liquid plastic poured into the mold does not dissolve the foam. The Devon’s body is cast, the blades are glued into the cuts, the plates are glued to the ends, they are painted. After drying, the Devon is collected.
The technology of manufacturing fish with a loop joint from homemade plastic.
Loops with a loop joint, in contrast to fish with a wire joint in the ring-to-ring manner, move more naturally during wiring, which affects their catchability. The fish consists of three sections, has a perforated frame made of sheet copper or brass. The figure clearly shows the location of the lower lead weights (they are soldered to the frame symmetrically on both sides) and the upper foam inserts, they are glued.
This fish is made from homemade plastic like galalit. The frame is laid in the mold and filled with plastic. It is a mixture of casein glue with a filler (zinc oxide, talc, etc.) in a ratio of 1: 1. If necessary, the mixture is stained by adding dry gouache of the desired color to it..
After 1-2 days, the hardened bait parts are carefully removed from the mold and dried for another 8-10 hours. Then they are placed in a formalin solution for 1-2 hours. The tanning process takes place, after which the material becomes waterproof.
The workpieces are connected with a soft copper wire. The ends of the wire are riveted, biting them in the appropriate places with blunt nippers. The tail of chlorovinyl is glued. You can put a rivet for strength.
Painted bait from halalite with oil paints. You can use a special paint, which is a mixture of 2-8 volume parts of a colorless varnish and 1 volume part of an oil paint of the desired color. This paint adheres well to plastic, metal and wood. With a ratio of 2: 1, it lays in an opaque layer, and with a ratio of 8: 1 – translucent. Dries 2-4 hours.
The manufacturing technology of standard plastic fishing bait “Pike” with a wire loop connection.
The Pike bait with a wire loop can also be made from standard plastic. Prepare a wire frame. The frame parts of the head and tail parts are coated with a thick soapy solution and dried. All three parts of the bait are cast in plaster form. After solidification from the head and tail parts, the wire frame is removed. A cut is made in the tail part for installing the tail, in the head part, two additional holes are drilled.
Collect “Pike” like that. Half-wire frame is inserted into the head and tail, connect all parts of the bait and send all the wires to the head and tail. The ends of the wires in the tail are bent in the depth of the cut under the tail. In the head part, the wires are bent into rings, drowning their ends in additional holes. They put the vinyl tail and paint the bait..
The manufacturing technology of homemade plastic fishing lure “Flatfish” (“Flat fish”).
The “Flatfish” bait (“Flat fish”) is good because it prowls to the sides when posting, that is, it behaves like a fry that escapes a predator. She probably owes this to her subtlety. Flatfish can be made from home-made paper-based plastic.
Finely chopped paper is poured with boiling water and boiled for 2-3 hours, then it is cooled, small portions of paper pulp are removed and squeezed, making small lumps. These lumps are dried and then ground into powder.
Take 10 weight parts of dry paper pulp, 3 weight parts of finely sifted chalk and mix thoroughly. They make liquid carpentry glue and introduce 1/4 of the volume of natural drying oil into it. Dry components are kneaded on glue with drying oil until a thick dough is obtained.
In a gypsum mold coated with hot paraffin (wax, stearin), a wire frame is laid and plastic is stuffed. After complete drying (2-3 days in a warm place), the bait is removed from the mold. Lead is poured into the bow of the bait, then boiled in boiling natural drying oil for 15-20 minutes. When the bait is completely dry, it is painted.
The manufacturing technology of standard plastic fishing lure “Swimmerspoon” (“Floating spoon”).
“Swimmerspoon” (“Floating Spoon”) is a popular spinning bait, scouring during fishing and catching. A special recess with a metal insert provides not only a peculiar game, but also a characteristic lure of the bait.
Swimmerspoon is molded from standard plastics. In the prepared form lay a metal insert. It has specially bent ends and two wire landing antennae. The insert is cleaned, degreased with acetone and coated with monomer (liquid from a plastic kit). Then lay in the form of the frame and fill the plastic. After two hours exposure, the bait is removed from the mold and painted.
The manufacturing technology of standard plastic fishing lure “Funtik”.
“Funtik” is a prowling bait, the basis of the design of which is the well-known “Oreno” bait. The perforated frame can be made of brass or copper 0.5 mm thick. It must be degreased with acetone. After that, you can start making bait. The tool is a powerful electric hammer type soldering iron.
Place the frame on a suitable piece of plastic, put the same piece on top and weld both pieces with a hot soldering iron. The frame is welded into the plastic. Putting pieces of plastic alternately on one side or the other and welding them with a soldering iron, bring the workpiece to the required size. Then use a hot soldering iron to smooth the plastic, moving it in the right direction.
Particular care must be taken to work on the front of the bait (“forehead”), since it determines the game. Finally, the bait is finished with files and sandpaper, and then painted. The Funtik bait is adjustable: rearranging the winding ring, you can achieve the correct game at the desired speed.
Based on the materials of the book “Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Production and repair “.