Fishing with a simple fishing rod during survival in an emergency, fishing techniques with a bobber, in a plumb line, with a bobber-cargo, melt, with a slowly sinking nozzle.

There are several methods of fishing with a simple fishing rod when surviving in an emergency or extreme situation. The most common fishing method is fishing with a float.. 

The simplest fishing rod for survival in an emergency, fishing techniques with a float, a plumb line, with a cargo float, melt, with a slowly sinking nozzle.

The float is installed at the required distance from the hook (usually 1 to 3 meters), which ensures the hook is immersed with the bait to the desired depth. Throwing a fishing rod is better on your own, because when you throw over the head, the hook can catch on the vegetation on the shore. The bite of fish and the moment of hooking are judged by the movement of the float on the surface of the water.

up to 15-30 g float provides long-distance casting. The weighting material should be positioned on the float so that it assumes a vertical position.

Emergency Survival Float.

They are caught in the melt at rifts or from a watercraft, letting the nozzle flow downstream to the places where the fish gather. Sinkers in this case are usually not used, since the bait floats on the surface of the water or at a shallow depth.

Slowly plunging nozzle.

Such fishing usually takes place in the summer, when the bite of the fish weakens. They use a small load or do not use it at all..

Other methods of fishing with a primitive fishing rod when surviving in an extreme situation.

In addition, there are other original fishing methods for fishing for fishing, tackle fishing, fishing posting, fly fishing, etc. When fishing with a primitive fishing rod, the desire to take large prey does not always pay off. Pulling a few kilograms of small perch or minnows is much easier than catching 2 3 kilogram pike, and their nutritional value is almost equal. In addition, large fish often breaks tackles (especially fragile improvised ones), and it can be very difficult to pull it ashore without the help of a landing net or hook..

When fishing with a primitive fishing rod, you must follow a few simple rules.

It is better to drop 3 4 fishing rods with different attachments at the same time to determine which of them attract fish the most. And then put it on all the hooks.
Being on the shore of a reservoir with transparent water, you should observe the possible silence, without the need not to walk, do not make sudden movements, hide in the shade of bushes and trees.
It is undesirable to immerse the ends of the rods in water, trying to pull the fish out with a sharp jerk. In the best case, the fish will break, in the worst, the line will break off or the rod will break..
Fish is afraid of extraneous odors, so you should plant the bait with clean hands. Do not throw objects with foreign odors into the water, especially cigarette butts and cigarettes..

Caught large fish should not be sought to be pulled through the air; it is better to protect the tackle, bring it to the shore by water and pull it out with your hands or an impromptu butterfly net. If the safety of the gear is in doubt, it is better to throw the rod into the water and carefully monitor its movements. Soon the fish will get tired and the rod will stop. You can’t try to pull the fish tangled up in the aquatic vegetation, you must let go of the fishing line and let it free itself, and then pull it to the shore.

When the hook is deeply swallowed and stuck in the throat of the fish, do not try to use force to release it. Sudden jerking can damage the hook or cut off the fishing line, and then finding it in the guts of the fish will be very difficult. You should cut the fish and carefully pull out the hook. Of course, this method requires more time and effort, but keeps the hook intact, which is extremely important in emergency conditions. For uncoupling a hook swallowed by a fish, there is a special extractor device, which in an emergency can be made from a piece of wire. The extractor hooks onto the fishing line, then is pushed into the throat of the fish, with the push down, unhooks the hook and pulls it out.

For the same purposes, a simpler device, called a fork among fishermen, may come in handy. For its manufacture in a straight 40 50 centimeter branch, a deep groove is cut along its entire length, ending with a longitudinal cut. To release the hook swallowed by the fish, you need to pass the line through the cut, pull it up and push it all the way to the hook. Then it’s easy to push him forward and free.

When catching large fish with insufficiently strong fishing line, you must try to observe a right angle between it and the rod. The spring branch removes loads from the fishing line, extinguishes dangerous jerks and, therefore, reduces the likelihood of breakage. With some skill and a fair amount of luck, you can catch fish on a primitive, brushless fishing rod. At the end of a long, strong branch, a nail or a small piece of wire, which is bent in the form of a hook, is driven in or fixed somehow differently. A bait is put on a hook, the end of a bezelless fishing rod is lowered into the water, the biting fish is cut off by a jerk of a branch.

Ancient Lumu Fishing Rod.

In conclusion, I will describe the ancient Luma fishing rod, with the help of which our ancestors, who inhabited the upper reaches of the Ob River, very successfully hunted pike and other large fish. A long hunk (a narrow and thin ribbon made from the bark of a tree), at one end of which a wooden hook is fastened, and a piece of wood is attached to the other and this is all the gear. The simplest type of hook in the luma was cut from a fork in a bush of a talnik, one end of which was made shorter and sharpened, and a fishing line-sarga was tied to the second, longer, acting as forend.

The fish swallowed a hook with a bait and dragged a wooden float until it was exhausted and pulled out by the fisherman ashore. It is amazing that such a primitive tackle has been preserved in some places to this day under the not-so-resonant name of a fool. Several lum-duriloks, connected on the same rope, the inhabitants of the lower Ob call panneuh nalimiy semet. This is tackle for serious fishing..

Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.
Andrey Ilyichev.

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