It has long been, in order not to get lost in the forest during a campaign for mushrooms or berries, people used the folk omens of orientation, which remain relevant today. The isolation of a modern person from nature and his close connection with the technical means of orientation in the locality, such as the navigator, and other gadgets, make him unprotected against nature in the event of the loss of a landmark in the deaf more often with faulty communication devices or in their absence. Therefore, it is still very important to be able to identify the signals of nature in their favor in order to correctly orient yourself on any terrain.
People signs for orienteering
Natural signs of orientation are different. By them you can determine the direction of the world in a dense forest, and in the meadows.
- Signs of orientation in the forest
If you are in the forest, look at the trees. That side of the trunk, on which the dense moss or lichen is located, faces the northern part of the world. On the western or eastern part of the tree, the vegetation is much smaller, and on the southern side the moss or lichen practically does not grow. Similarly, the sign “works” with lichen or moss on stones. The part of the trunk that faces the southern part, as a rule, has longer and thicker branches.
Birch – a good helper when navigating. The part of the birch trunk facing north is covered with more frequent spots than the one that “looks” to the south. The southern part of its trunk is always more even, clean, without any damage. Birch trunks often turn to the north side, sometimes almost touching the ground.
Cranberries or lingonberries growing on the north side have a lighter color than the berries that grow from the south.
The bark is much cleaner, harder and lighter on the southern part of the trunk than the northern. For greater certainty, it is recommended to study the trunks of several trees. Also to help orient the treetops and tree rings. In the southern climatic zone with arid summer, the annual rings are thickened from the northern part of the trunk, on the same side of the tree there is a more developed crown. In the northern zones, on the contrary, the tree is more developed on the south side, i.e. with the one where he is most comfortable. If the branches of the tree are inclined in one direction or less on one of the sides, the prevailing wind blows in this direction. If you pay attention to several such trees and notice the direction of the wind, then you can make a return trip, moving towards it. This will help if you do not go astray, then at least return to the place located near the starting point of departure.
If summer is hot and dry, you can look at coniferous trees, such as pine or spruce: the southern side of the trunk will produce much more resin than the northern.
It is necessary to pay attention to mushrooms, red mushrooms. From year to year they grow in the same place. At the same time, mushrooms, growing on the southern side of the forest, have a hat dryish, bluish-greenish. On the southern side of the forest, berries ripen faster than from the north, and the snow melts here much faster.
Once in the mountainous regions of the south, you can see that the southern slopes of the mountains contain growing oak and pines, and the northern ones contain beech, fir and spruce.
In the forest, not only trees and plants, but also insects can become assistants in determining the directions of the world. So, the ants erect their anthills in the southern part of stumps, trees or stones. At the same time, the south side of the anthill is always flatter than the steep north.
Observation of the melting of snow can also help to find the south: oval holes under the trees stretch along the snow cover, icicles of any object are always formed here, and in spring the cover turns into a thin ice crust.
- Orientation without terrain
Once on the open glade, you can navigate along its edges: grass grows thicker on the northern side of the forest glade than on the southern side. However, this sign is valid only in the spring. The grass growing on the northern part of a single stump or stone is not as tall and thick as on the south. Around mid-summer, grass growing on the south side starts to turn yellow. But on the north side, it remains green.
Berry always ripens faster from the southern part of the glade than from the northern. Steppe gophers always orient their minks towards the south.
Plants often suggest directions to the world. For example, the flowers of a sunflower are never turned to the north. The leaves of the steppe lettuce with their planes are turned toward the west and east, and their ribs – toward the south and north.
In addition to determining the cardinal points in the forest, you can determine the time by singing birds. Thus, the nightingale begins to sing at about two in the morning, the sparrow begins to tweet closer to five in the morning, and the finch, wagtail and oatmeal begin to make sounds by four in the morning.
It should be noted that all the national signs of orientation often depend on the climatic zone, the nature of the terrain and other factors. For example, if in the forest moss is always located on the north side, then near water bodies it can grow in relation to any part of the world. The same fact is influenced by the degree of slope of the tree trunk, the direction of the wind rose, the relief of the earth, and so on. The same can be said about the anthill, because living beings adapt to the terrain, regardless of the location of parts of the world. Therefore, it should be said that one should be able to navigate by signs, but at the same time take into account the peculiarities of a particular area and the subjectivity of these signs.