Food poisoning by plants and mushrooms, first aid for food poisoning in the field.

Many plants accumulate various poisons in their fibers, which in small doses are even useful and do not cause poisoning. For example, in 100 g of dry grains of wheat, rye and oats contains from 0.5 to 1.1 mg of hydrocyanic acid. This is one of the strongest poisons found in plants.. 

Food poisoning by plants and mushrooms, first aid for food poisoning in the field.

Found in plants and mercury compounds in a free state. Mercury is very dangerous for living organisms, but its small dose activates the vital activity of plants, animals and humans, and has a good effect on the restoration of depleted soil. A person daily assimilates 0.02-0.05 mg of mercury with food. The main amount of mercury absorbed by us during the summer period is accounted for in the garden salad, which contains it the most. And least of all in onions.

plants and fungi, accompanied by digestive disorders, in the conditions of autonomous existence are quite dangerous. This is due to the fact that in an extreme situation a person often eats an unfamiliar poisonous fruit not from what he wants to eat, but from what he wants and has nothing to drink. But harder when the gifts of the forest become the only dish in daily nutrition.

Hunger makes you forget about caution and a gaunt man pounces on unfamiliar but seemingly edible fruits and eagerly consumes them in large quantities. Do not do this! The more you have time to eat poisonous fruits, the more serious the degree of poisoning will be. But you can poison yourself with animal poisons..

Such poisoning is primarily associated with the consumption of poor-quality products of animal origin, for example, long lying in the sun or poisonous fish, insects and reptiles. Signs of poisoning depend mainly on the poison that caused it. With some poisons, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and heart weakness appear, with other cramps, agitation. With some poisoning, an unconscious state occurs quite quickly.

First aid for poisoning by plants and mushrooms.

At the first signs of poisoning, it is necessary to rinse the stomach with one of the available methods. Most often this is the so-called restaurant method. The poisoned drink 2-3 liters of cold water, cold water causes a spasm of the vessels of the stomach, which slows down the absorption of the poison, then vomiting is caused by pressing the root of the tongue. The procedure should be repeated 2-3 times. After this, the victim must be given some astringent or enveloping agent, a decoction of oak bark, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, starch water, etc. After stopping vomiting and diarrhea, you should starve for 1-2 days.

It should be remembered that loose stools and abdominal pain can be symptoms of various diseases, including dysentery and cholera. It is impossible to treat them without medication, but methods of prevention are known to almost everyone personal hygiene, the use of boiled water only, all products must be subjected to heat treatment. Also, stool disorders can be associated with changes in climatic and temperature conditions, the use of unusual food and other reasons. In these cases, it is possible to use available astringents for the fruits of bird cherry, oak bark, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, a suspension of starch, yarrow and some other.

Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.

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