Will not dwell on the circumstances, because of which you have a forced, unforeseen overnight. Whether you lagged behind the group during the transition or just got lost picking mushrooms is not so important. The main thing is that it’s cold, it’s already beginning to get dark and you are simply forced to spend the night and wait until morning.
Forced overnight in cold conditions with a bonfire, the choice of type of shelter in extreme and emergency situations.
Immediately define the terms. The concept of spending the night in cold, extreme conditions may not mean sleeping at all. And it may mean trying to relax a bit. Wait until dawn or more favorable conditions for access to people, while preserving their lives and causing minimal harm to their health. The method and comfort of a cold overnight stay will directly depend on the equipment you have with you. The ideal option for an overnight stay is of course a two-layer tent with a gas burner inside as a heater and a warm downy sleeping bag, but if none of the above is described, then you will have to improvise.
The main enemy from the very first minute when you decide to stay in place and spend the night is cold. The fight against cold, with the effect on the body of low temperatures is your most important problem. It is obvious that clothing will play a major role in preventing cold damage. The warmer it is, the longer you can withstand the cold. But even the warmest clothes will ensure the maintenance of a positive heat balance at negative ambient temperatures for only a limited time. Sooner or later, the heat loss will be greater than the heat production, and cooling of the body will begin. Therefore, you should hurry up with making a fire and finding or building shelter..
It may sound paradoxical, but the choice of place for the construction of a shelter is often more important than the construction of the shelter itself. Even the most reliable shelter will not save if it is placed on a random site that carries a potential threat. It is best, if possible, to settle down in a place clearly visible from the air and the ground, in order to be able to give a distress signal if necessary. Hastily built shelters will not only not help, but on the contrary can aggravate the plight.
After you have decided on the place for spending the night and building a shelter, decide on a place for a bonfire and before starting the construction, make it mandatory to keep it in a place protected from the wind. A heat source will be vital to warm up. Since in the process of logging and construction you will inevitably sweat and in order not to freeze, you will need to periodically dry and warm.
The choice of type of shelter for forced sleep in cold field conditions.
Various books, manuals and guides on survival describe more than a hundred different variants of primitive temporary shelters and shelters designed for extreme situations and used in different climatogeographic zones. Differing in design, size, material, method of construction, etc. Such information is indisputably necessary to study and know, but in practice, do not forget to be guided by common sense as well..
For example, shelters such as a hut, igloo, wigwam, various canopies made of wood, poles and branches (the so-called frame-leaf), which so praise some books and survival manuals as temporary shelters for one night, are better not to be considered. Their construction requires considerable time, labor and is sometimes difficult even for two. The construction of these shelters is justified only if the overnight stay is not one and you plan to spend two, three or more nights in the same place.
NAZ, it would be best to build a one-piece canopy with a reflector. The device of such a shelter does not require much time. And it itself will effectively protect you from wind and rainfall. The presence of a life-saving blanket with you will greatly facilitate the issue of spending the night. Just do not wrap it in as advised by various instructions and instructions, in itself it will not warm you. It will be more practical to use as a slope of a canopy or a heat reflector of a fire.
chainsaw. Otherwise, no node will work, and if you have a very cold night, you will have to be content with the usual bonfire from what you can collect on the ground or break it by hand.