A fracture of the bones of the thigh or lower leg is accompanied by damage to the nerves and blood vessels. In this case, the victim experiences severe pain and often shock, so emergency hospitalization is required.
Fracture of the thigh, lower leg, femoral neck, pelvis, knee, ankle, foot and toes, first aid.
Help the victim lie down, carefully supporting the injured leg. Roll up the roll of clothes or towels. Lay it along a healthy leg and get ready to move that leg towards a broken leg. Do not move an injured leg to avoid complications. Call an ambulance as soon as possible.
Putting the roller along the healthy leg, insert the triangular folded stripes under the ankles and carefully bring the legs together, moving the injured leg as little as possible.
With a folded scarf, tie the ankles to each other crosswise. When tying a knot, tighten the ends tightly. If at the same time the pain of the thigh intensifies, immediately stop tightening and tie as is.
Cover the victim with a blanket or clothing. If it is lying on a cold or damp surface, slip a blanket or something else under your head and body without touching your legs. A person with a hip fracture should not eat or drink in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Hip fracture, first aid.
A fracture of the femoral neck most often occurs in older people as a result of a fall. The area of the hip joint becomes painful and swells. The victim must be handled very carefully, minimizing movement to avoid further loss of blood and shock..
Reassure the victim with a hip fracture and do not move until the ambulance arrives. To support the injured leg, carefully lay a folded blanket or folded clothes along it. Cover the victim with a blanket or clothing to reduce heat loss. If it lies on a cold or damp surface, gently slip a blanket or something else under your head, torso, and healthy leg, but do not touch a damaged leg.
Stay close to the victim until the ambulance arrives. Check your heart rate regularly and note any changes in your heart rate. You should not drink or eat in case of a hip fracture in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Pelvic fracture, first aid.
The pelvic bones limit the abdominal cavity from below, forming the lower part of the trunk. The reproductive organs, intestines, bladder and urethra are located in the pelvic area. In addition, there are many nerves and blood vessels, so the injury of this area is fraught with serious complications..
Feelings and symptoms in a victim of a pelvic fracture.
Inability to stand and / or walk.
Possible deformation of the pelvis and hips.
Pale, cold and clammy skin.
If the victim is lying on a cold or damp surface, cover him with a blanket or clothes, and slip another blanket or other bedding under the upper body and extremities (without touching the pelvic area!). Get medical attention as soon as possible. The victim should not drink or eat in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Knee fracture, first aid.
Knee injuries occur in a wide variety of situations, including sports, domestic activities, and traffic accidents. In accidents, there is often damage to the kneecap, and sometimes to the knee joint..
Help the victim lie down and place a pillow or folded clothes under his head. Do not try to straighten or bend your knee. Place something soft under the knee joint, providing it with the most comfortable position. To fix, wrap a small towel around the knee. Call an ambulance as soon as possible.
Wrap the knee with an elastic bandage to fix the bandage. If the victim is on the street, carefully place a blanket under him, being careful not to move the knee joint. Cover the victim on top to reduce shock. He should not drink or eat in case anesthesia is required..
Ankle fracture, first aid.
Ankle injury usually occurs due to an unsuccessful turn in the ankle or a fall. This can be a dislocation or a broken bone. It is difficult to diagnose without an X-ray, therefore ankle injuries should be treated as possible fractures to avoid further damage.
Help the victim take the most comfortable position for him. Try not to move the injured leg or touch the joint. A damaged leg needs to be slightly raised with a folded blanket or folded clothes. If the shoes are comfortable, leave them on the toe for extra support..
Gently wrap the ankle with a soft pillow or light blanket and secure with 2-3 bandages. Get medical attention as soon as possible. Until the diagnosis is established, the victim should neither eat nor drink in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Fracture of the foot and toes, first aid.
In case of injuries in the area of the foot and toes, it is difficult to determine the nature of the fracture damage or just a bruise. To avoid further injury, treat the injured person before a diagnosis, as in a fracture..
Help the victim take the most comfortable position for him. Lift the injured leg slightly with a blanket or folded clothing underneath. If there are no injuries and the shoes are comfortable, leave them on your foot.
Also, as with an ankle injury, carefully wrap a soft pillow or light blanket around the injured area, securing with 2-3 bandages. Get medical attention as soon as possible. Until a diagnosis is made, the victim should not be drunk and eat in case anesthesia is required for treatment.
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.