Shoulder injury may result in joint dislocation, sprain and / or bone fracture. An X-ray is usually required for diagnosis, and before that, the victim should be treated as if he had a fracture..
Fracture of the shoulder, collarbone, forearm, hand and fingers, ribs, first aid, how to deal with osteoporosis.
If your elbow or shoulder is injured, do not bend or bend your arm. Let the victim himself support her in the most convenient position for him. Help him sit or lie down, as it is more convenient. Place pillows or a blanket under your injured arm. In case of injuries of the elbow and shoulder, blood vessels and / or nerves are often damaged, therefore, an immediate examination by a doctor is necessary. Call Ambulance.
Clavicle fracture, first aid.
Clavicle fracture can occur when falling on an outstretched arm. The outer part of the bone usually breaks closer to the shoulder joint. Let the victim support his hand on the injured side in the most convenient position for him. The shoulder on this side usually falls below the healthy.
Between the arm and chest, place a soft pad (folded towel or sweater). Do this carefully, taking care not to move your hand. To transport the victim, provide additional support for the injured area. Wrap your arm around your chest with a wide bandage and tie a reef knot on the healthy side.
Get medical help faster. The victim needs to maintain his hand all the time, because any movement of the body is painful. Perhaps he would prefer to do without a blindfold.
Forearm fracture, first aid.
Let the victim sit comfortably, supporting the injured arm. Place a soft pillow or blanket on your lap for support. This will ease the pain. If your wrist or forearm is injured, carefully place a folded newspaper under the victim’s arm from the fingertips to the elbow. Fix this tire with bandages or kerchief bandages in several places.
Check the pulse on the wrist from the side of the thumb. If it is not palpable, remove the bandages and the tire and reposition the arm so that the pulse appears. Then re-lock the tire. If the pulse is not palpable, the victim needs immediate professional medical attention. See your doctor as soon as possible..
Trying not to disturb the injured hand, make a headscarf. The long side of the triangle is along the body, and the angle to the elbow. The fingers should be located slightly above the elbow, then the swelling will be less.
Bring the scarf under the injured hand, wrap one end around the neck and lifting the lower end, tie them along the injured side. When the bandage takes over the weight of the hand, make sure that the hand remains above the elbow. To strengthen the bandage, wrap the top of the scarf forward and pin it to the front with a safety pin, pointing the end of the pin down.
Check the pulse and color of the fingertips of the injured person every 5-10 minutes until he is examined by a doctor. In case of any significant changes in state, immediately seek help.
Fractured hands and fingers, first aid.
The hands are injured very often. Most of these injuries, although painful, are not considered serious. However, severe injuries also occur. With severe bleeding and bone fracture, leading to irreversible impairment of the functions of the hand, it is therefore very important for a significant injury to the hand to the doctor who will prescribe the correct treatment.
In case of a brush injury, first stop the bleeding by making a volume bandage and raising the sore arm higher. Fasten the bandage with a bandage. On top of it, wrap your hand with something soft, making something like a mittens, and also fix it with a bandage. Carefully make a retaining bandage to keep your injured arm upright..
If one finger is broken, a tire is made for it using a small stick (from ice cream, a teaspoon, etc.). Wrap it and attach it to the finger with a band-aid. If two fingers are injured, they can be tied together by laying something soft between them. Then you need to make a fixing bandage to ensure their immobility and support.
Rib fracture, first aid.
Fracture or damage to the ribs can cause life-threatening internal bleeding, as well as respiratory and circulatory disorders. Especially if there is a penetrating wound. Help the victim take a relaxed position half-sitting by placing something under their backs for support. His body should be inclined to the injured side. Call an ambulance as soon as possible.
If there is a wound, stop the bleeding. Prevent the penetration of air through the wound by carefully but firmly applying a palm to it, preferably through a sterile or at least clean towel, bandage or other tissue.
To allow air to escape, but not enter through the wound, fix the bandage with a band-aid on three sides, leaving the lower edge free. And loosen the top with a plastic bag or aluminum foil..
If you have to wait some time before the ambulance arrives, put something soft on top of the bandage between the chest and arm and bandage it around the chest with your arm on the injured side.
If desired, you can make a fixing bandage on the injured side. Calm and reassure the victim. Check his breathing and pulse every few minutes, noting any changes in his condition.
How to deal with osteoporosis.
With osteoporosis, bone density decreases due to a decrease in its calcium content. This phenomenon is often associated with age. Mostly elderly people suffer from it, especially women over 65. The wrists and hips are the most vulnerable. Even if enough calcium is ingested, the bones can still become weak and brittle. Here’s what you need to know to avoid osteoporosis..
Smoking, alcohol abuse, the regular use of steroid drugs and the lack of regular exercise significantly increase the risk of osteoporosis.
For the growth and restoration of bone tissue, calcium is required, which an adult needs 1.2 g / day. This amount can be achieved by consuming low-fat dairy products at least 4 times a day..
Vitamin D is needed to absorb calcium, which is produced in the skin by exposure to sunlight. If you can’t be in the sun for at least 15 minutes a day, you should take vitamin D.
Cycling, skiing and swimming contribute to bone restoration and increase bone density..
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.