The following are the main elements tactics of foreign armies during offensive actions to assault and hold buildings in urban environments.
For divisions of the link “squad – platoonIt’s not a problem. ” assault groups, storming the building and regrouping assault groups.
Requirements for capturing a building
Regardless there are four interrelated requirements for capturing a building:
- fire support,
The application is a combination of these tasks. Application is determined by type stormed building and the nature of the surrounding area.
For example, it has been chosen for parks or parking zones. At the same time fire support. Conversely, it’s a winding distance.
Exercise fire support and other supporting actions to promote capture groups provided by support group, which are assigned the following tasks:
- It is a form of suppression and blinding of the enemy,
- to prevent the enemy from retreating or organizing a counterattack,
- the paths to the object
- direct fire
- guarding the cleaned elements of the building,
- replacement of the capture group
- provision of ammunition and explosives,
- evacuation of wounded and prisoners of war.
Number of support groups determined by the type and size of the building; the degree of closeness of the approach; organization and strength of the enemy defenses.
Support group can consist of one infantry unit (8 – 10 people), armed with machine guns, rifle grenade launchers, RPGs and flamethrowers. It is used for fire support, while the infantry carries out an assault. In the case when capture group has a large number support group can be a company, cannonballs, and cannonballs, respectively.
After capturing the building capture group regrouping and is in readiness to ensure fire support subsequent assault. Each fighter (weapon type) is assigned a target or sector of fire. Individual weapons are used for firing at possible enemy fire positions – windows, loopholes, roofs. Snipers are firing at loop lengths. Under-barrel grenade launchers and flamethrowers fire through windows or loopholes.
RPGs and explosive charges are used at the ground level. In addition to the loss of energy, it’s not a problem.
Artillery and mortars, firing equipment, radio stations Then they wouldn’t have to use it. Artillery cannons as well as tank guns.
Movement of the capture group
Capture group (secession, platoon or company) to reduce the enemy’s fire:
- uses hidden routes
- after the enemy is crushed or blinded,
- performs movement of limited visibility
- to support their units,
- This area is quickly overcome.
- uses not movement by enemy fire.
In the area of stripping of all buildings may not be held. In this case, the infantry has to move.
On the street, on the street, on the street. Heyday! In the absence of tanks or infantry fighting vehicles, support groups. Dispersion and movement should be fast. It has been assigned for each of the fighters.
Capture group, regardless of composition, must conduct assault and subsequent sweep of the building quickly and decisively. It is preserved that it was maintained. Order to avoid disorganization of assault.
Capturing a building requires basic management skills. melee. Commanders must:
- in close combat,
- keep fit
- be confident in your abilities.
Composition capture groups varies depending on the situation; however, the considerations for equipping the group remain unchanged. For a group of people, it’s not a problem. Capture group The unit consists of two subgroups of people who are possible, especially hand grenades.
Fig.1. Composition and support groups
For firing on suppression assigned Support group consisting of three people. Subgroups of capture, using the maneuver, cleaned room by room.
Light machine guns are commonly used. support group, but can also be used capture group in view of more powerful fire. Portable ATGMs are not commonly used. capture group because of their great weight. The squad leader is a better control. If the priority is given to capture group to the detriment of support group.
It is the preferred method. stripping the building. It is a scandalous pattern. capture group when throwing grenades and moving from floor to floor. It is possible to reach the building through the building; can be suppressed and Group can be delivered to the roof by helicopter.
Fig.2. Helicopter landing
Helicopters should not only be on those roofs of the garages. When it comes to a small height above the roof. It will make it possible to pass the wall. Staircases should not be protected when they are not used.
Although it’s not a bottoming-up, it’s not a bad thing. When stripping from the bottom – up capture group try to get a close up. After this, a systematic sweep of the remaining floors begins.
It is recommended that you make it. Capture group It is usually mined or covered by the enemy fire. If you are a cannon fire.
Fig.3. Tanks or directing the stormed building.
Immediately before the throw capture groups fire that is fought support group, amplifies and continues until capture group will be in the plane of fire. After that, the fire is transferred to capture group will not enter the building. At this point, the enemy is prevented from withdrawing or reinforcing.
Capture groups throw closer to the building. It is a grenade rush before it reaches the wall. Immediately after the explosion capture groups It can be seen.
It is clear that the staircase will be covered with a staircase. It’s not a problem. Capture groups they clean out the basement.
If a capture group It is necessary to make a statement. Capture group the bottom floor? Ladders can be used after pre-stripping.
When stripping from the bottom, making a rushes into it with a delay. Then it jumps to the right.
Fig.4. Preferred storming
It is necessary to avoid the opponent from prepare for the assault. Do not have to be prearranged signs (pieces of fabric, tape, paint).
If the building has a basement, it should not be cleaned as soon as possible. There are important differences. Basements often have access to sewer networks or tunnels for communication networks. In this regard, they must be cleaned and protected to prevent the enemy from penetrating back into the cleaned building.
The most common types of buildings are buildings. It is a tank gun. It is usually the safer of the tanks. If the situation allows, capture group A fire escape or “cat”.
Fig.5. It is necessary to use it when it comes to wall and roofing.
It’s easy to make it.
Fig.6. Layout for storming a brick house
There are 3 bricks (total thickness is 6 bricks) and a thickness of the walls. It is a thinner wall for the upper floors. It is safer than from the front. Layout of brick buildings varies.
The brick floor has the same layout as the floor.
Fig.7. Layout brick building
It is difficult to make aisles. Therefore, it’s possible to enter the windows side. Floor plans of such buildings are predictable, cleaning rooms usually carried out from the main corridor.
Fig.8. Stormed building plan with box walls
The walls are also made of reinforced concrete. During stripping, stairwells at both ends of the building should be guarded.
Heavy duty framed buildings
It is relatively easy to make holes with tank shells. This is where you should be protected during the stripping. In the inner walls, you can make it up.
Fig.9. Storming plan: A – frame building with heavy walls; B – frame building with light walls.
Lightweight framed buildings
In these buildings, it is usually the same. Make passages with an ax.
Rearrangement of the capture group
Regrouping capture groups It should be noted. After capturing the floor (top, middle or bottom) of the composition capture groups fighters are assigned to approach the building. This watch warns capture group and open fire on the enemy approaching the building.
- passages adjacent adjacent adjacent buildings
- fireproof approaches to the building,
- underground paths to the basement
- access paths on the adjacent roofs.
After finishing the stripping of the building capture group assigned defensive positions. After that, the following events are held:
- tray and distribution of ammunition,
- it was cleaned,
- assuming cover functions
- assisting and evacuating the wounded,
- equipment defensive position for some time