The ability to carve grooves, cutouts, recesses, and indentations of a certain shape in wood is a very important skill. Thus, it is possible to test the knife in order to determine its working qualities and improve its own skills in working with wood. Such skills and abilities will surely come in handy when setting up a field camp, setting traps, arranging simple shelters and shelters made of wood, and in many other cases.
Grooves, cutouts, recesses and indentations in a tree for testing the knife’s working qualities and improving its own wood working skills.
There are four main types of grooves, cutouts, notches, and indentations in a tree that can be most useful in the field..
Triangular grooves, cutouts, notches, and indentations (the stake notch) in the tree.
The ability to create a groove of this shape in a tree is useful when attaching and stretching the tent to equip a shelter, when installing traps and in other cases. Such a recess is usually done to a depth of not more than one third of the total diameter of the workpiece. First, a vertical wall is cut or cut with a knife, which will serve as a limiter. Then an incision is made to it of the required depth at an angle of 45 degrees.
V-grooves, notches, grooves and indentations (the V notch) in a tree.
The ability to create such V-shaped grooves and grooves is a very useful skill that will come in handy when arranging a parking lot or camp. For example, such a notch will help to fix a piece of cord or rope in the right place. To make this type of cut, place the selected workpiece horizontally on a hard surface..
Then, attach the knife blade at an angle of 45 degrees and remove the wood to the desired depth or diameter. Move the knife blade to the opposite side and repeat the process by creating the letter “V”. It is not advisable to cut such a groove that will be under load by more than one third of the diameter of the workpiece.
Rectangular grooves, cutouts, recesses and indentations (the log cabin notch) in a tree.
Such rectangular grooves are mainly used in the construction of shelters and shelters from branches and wood. Sometimes they can be used to assemble some frames or in the manufacture of a field furniture. To make such grooves in a tree, you first need to cut or cut down the side walls. They will serve as limiters when cutting the base shelf. Then remove the material in the middle and align the base shelf.
Such a rectangular groove, even at its first cutting, will serve as a kind of indicator of the versatility of your camping knife. With a knife with a blade wide over its entire length, cutting narrow and deep rectangular grooves will not be very convenient, and sometimes impossible. Therefore, this will give you food for thought: is it worth replacing your field knife with a more universal one or adding a second knife to your equipment.
Such rectangular grooves should be deep enough for mounting and mating with each other.
When creating such a groove, be especially careful. Take the necessary measurements several times. Since you can remove the excess, but can not add if you make the cutout too large.
Figured grooves, cutouts, notches and indentations (the pot / bail notch) in a tree.
The ability to make curly grooves will be useful in the manufacture of field kitchen tools and cooking utensils over a campfire. For example, if you need to make a height-adjustable suspension. Such grooves are similar to triangular, but a little more difficult to manufacture.
Cutting such a curly groove begins with two cuts made X-shaped horizontally. Then using a knife and, if necessary, a mallet, cut and remove the lower or upper part of X, depending on what the groove will be. In conclusion, make a triangular cutout of the required depth so that, for example, the bow of your bowler can be securely fastened in it.
Pointing and blunting the ends of thick branches and wooden stakes.
Preliminary testing of your traveling knife when sharpening or blunting the ends of thick branches or wooden stakes will not only give you an idea of the degree of wear resistance of the cutting edge of the blade and its ability to hold sharpening, but it will also serve as a good test to determine the general convenience of the shape of the handle of the knife during operation.
The article partially uses materials and drawings from Bushcraft 101. A Field Guide to the Art of Wilderness Survival