Unlike single trap loops, group trap loops are a combination of several simple loops together. Among them are distinguished silanyki, films, towns, strength in serifs, and so on.
Group loop traps for a squirrel, a trap for a bow, a trap for a silyanka and a stool for an ermine, appearance, device, installation and fishing methods.
In the Altai Mountains, the loop method of squirrel fishing was somewhat modified. There, closer to the middle of winter, from about the second half of December, squirrels trample trails and run mainly along them. Particularly active animals use the paths before and during the rut. When there are a lot of squirrels, up to several dozen animals can be caught on one path.
It is on these paths that group loop traps are established. To do this, small sticks-poles are installed along the edges of the path near the trees from which it goes. Use small dry, straight trees, cleared of branches, with a diameter of 3-7 cm, a length of 2.5-3.5 meters. The prepared six is stuck with a butt part in the snow on the squirrel path and slightly trampled.
Group loop traps for a squirrel, appearance and device.
The top is leaned against a tree at a height of 1-1.5 meters from the surface of the snow. Then they tie it to the pole and install from 2-3 to 7-8 loops of thin elastic wire on it. The loops are made with a diameter of 4-4.5 cm. From the pole, its lower edge should be 2-3 cm apart. With a slightly larger diameter, the squirrels often fall into it with the middle of the body, beat for a long time and spoil the skin. And sometimes, twisting the wire, leave injured.
Loops of smaller diameter they often knock, but there is a chance that they will fall into the following loops. If the hunter is not too lazy to impose them more. If the wire is sufficiently elastic, the knitted loop returns to its original position, and another animal can fall into it.
For the manufacture of loops, hunters use a wire with a diameter of 0.25-0.3 mm. Nichrome wire gives the best results. It is quite elastic and very torsional. The loops on the pole are located at a distance of 10-15 cm from one another. The lower one should be placed 60-70 cm from the edge of the snow. The top should be located so that the protein that got into it does not reach the tree trunk.
Bent trap group loops, bow, common device.
The bow is an arch-bent rod made of non-fragile wood, about 1 meter long and 2-3 cm thick. The ends of the rod are pulled together with twine. At a distance of 15-17 cm from the pointed ends of the rod, it is tied with a second string, to which several loops are tied.
Ermine trap, general arrangement.
The ermine silane is a rectangular wooden frame, inside of which hinges are formed, forming a dense mesh. A frame of trunks or rods is made 1-2 cm thick. Its length is 20-30 cm, width 5-20 cm. The loops inside the frame are arranged in one or two rows. 10 to 35 pieces.
Without baits, these guns are placed on trails near haystacks, stacks, etc. They are also installed in the aisles of fences made of pegs and felling, arranged perpendicular to the stacks. Silanka can also be placed with bait (mouse, bird, etc.), which is suspended from the upper side of the frame. The effectiveness of fishing with silane is small. Most prey at the beginning of winter.
Group jug trap loops, common device.
The jug trap group loops are used to catch small predators. Arranges jug as follows. Thin but strong ropes are tied to pegs 25-80 cm long at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other with loops attached to them. The length of the ropes is 2-3 meters. Depending on the length of the ropes and the size of the loops, their number ranges from 10 to 100-150.
The hinges, as can be seen from the figure, should overlap one another or thread one into another. The diameter of the loops ranges from 7 to 15 cm, depending on the size of the beast on which the jug is mounted.
Ermine highchair trap, general arrangement.
An ermine stool is close to a silinka. To arrange the stool, you need straight sticks of raw talnik about 1 meter long and 1.5-2 cm thick. The sticks are folded crosswise in the middle and tightly tied with a rope. After that, their ends are bent down and strengthened with a rope so that all four ends are at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other.
At a distance of 12-15 cm, a second one is pulled parallel to the first rope, loops 8-10 cm in diameter are tied between these ropes on each side of the stool. The lower edge of the loops should be approximately 3 cm above the snow level. At the very top of the stool at the place where the chopsticks cross, a bait is suspended – a mouse, bird, fish, etc. Ermine, trying to get to the bait, gets entangled in loops.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..