Gunners from the drivers of the shotgun

In one of our articles on shotgun as a weapon for protection, we discussed some of its advantages over pistols and rifles. Of course, this is all great, but if we are going to thoroughly consider the aspects of using defensive weapons, we will need to understand what exactly does shotgun not just a tool for hunting or competition, but an ideal weapons to protect and for shooting at a short distance.

One of the best ways to do this research is to trace the stages of modernization. weapons for protection, aimed at responding to different types of threats and situations. Shotguns rooted far back in the past.

In fact, the idea of ​​firing at a group of targets with an expanded affected area and with a high chance of hitting is as old as the firearm itself. The option of charging small-caliber weapons with shotgun has been used for a long time, just as guns were often charged with so-called “large shrapnel” for firing at large concentrations of troops.

And what we now call a shotgun, first appeared in the good old Wild West.

Light and compact

Postal Stage Guard was armed with shotguns with 12 shotgun charges for eachPostal Stage Guard was armed with shotguns with 12 shotgun charges for each

Pretty easy to imagine self-defense shotgun in the form of large and bulky weapons. But shotguns, these sources of enormous power can and should be sufficiently maneuverable, and the practice of using modern weapons only confirms this. In the Old West, in the conditions of the almost complete absence of a right settlement for the circulation of firearms, bandits have always been a real threat to commodity artels. On trains and stagecoaches, armed guards were a means of deterrence and protection from the attack of bandits, so initially the choice firearms was reduced to a fairly compact double-barreled shotgun 12 gauge. Such a “coachman’s gun” (coach gun), as he was then called, was thus remedy during dangerous trips.

Using shotgun, charged with a large fraction, had not only destructive consequences, but also, in comparison with a rifle or revolver, helped simplify hitting the target when shooting from a moving car.

Although the trunks were often shortened to 20 inches or less, this did not lead to a wider dispersion of the fraction. Short shotguns more preferences were given, since they were easier to control inside and outside the stage or train, and they contributed to a more accurate hit on the target than a regular gun, but retained high firepower and range of application.

Of course, powerful shotgun It was not only the guards of the coaches and the train that were chosen. Such a weapon played a key role in many famous shootouts. During the shootout at Corral O’Kay – and as many believe that it was the only shot in this skirmish – Doc Holliday sent a shot charge into Tom McLaurie’s chest, thereby killing him on the spot. Wyatt Earp, another O’Kay gunfight participant, allegedly used a 10-caliber double-barreled shotgun in another skirmish to shoot Curly Billy Brochez, which, however, had horrific consequences. Although the Colt revolvers and Winchester rifles would have been more “romantic” weapons in that era, nothing can kill a person as a simple “gunner’s gun” would do.

Fast shooting and fast reloading

The picture shows a soldier with a shotgunThe picture shows a soldier with a shotgun

Shotguns “for the protection of stagecoaches” quickly sunk into oblivion with the development of a gun with a moving forearm. Pump shotgun had a great superiority over double-barreled guns, since it was equipped with a magazine and significantly reduced reload time. While the double-barreled weapon was capable of only 2 shots, and then the shooter remained defenseless during reloading, pump shotgun allowed to shoot several times in a row, at the same time quickly reload the weapon, and then instantly resume shooting. One such gun – the “Winchester” of 1897 – proved itself during the First World War due to its ability to quickly clear territory from enemies.

During the war with widespread use of trenches, almost ideal conditions appeared for the use shotgun for attack and for defense. Twenty inch shotgun was much more maneuverable in short skirmishes and fired with greater frequency than ordinary sniper rifles.

This became noticeable especially strongly after 1897, when the threat of being literally riddled appeared – the shooter left the trigger after the shot was pressed, and shotgun Immediately fired the next shot after filing a cartridge into the chamber through the forearm.

When protecting positions from several shotguns at the same time, hail was fired from a fraction, thereby preventing an attack. Some sources report that the shooters could have undermined a hand grenade in the air in this way.

Best in short range shooting

Shotguns were used in warfare even after the First World War, but were used only as weapon to protect perimeter during the protection of the territory. But when the US Navy launched the Second World War against Japan, and then the American military was sent to Vietnam, shotguns Were on the front again. The territory where the military conflicts took place was covered with thick jungles, which meant that they could attack from any direction, and this with very limited visibility.

Shotguns became the favorite weapon of many military for their ability to quickly suppress the enemy’s fire at a short distance. 6 shots of 4.5 mm can be fired in a few seconds, sending more than 50 projectiles towards the target, and if not killed and do harm, then at least prevent an attack, or gain time for a counterattack. Of course, shotgun It was no longer so common since the First World War, but its usefulness during clashes in the jungle proved its reliability and intimidating power over short distances, even when machine guns and sniper rifles were used at that time.

Modern rifle accessories

Despite the use shotgun only by small groups of troops in current military conflicts, it still remains an inalienable attribute of police patrol vehicles. Although shotgun virtually unchanged from the 18th century, but in the past few decades, accessories that significantly improve the basic platform have appeared, which has contributed to the widespread use shotguns in law enforcement practice.

These enhancements and accessories are good helpers in home protection situations, as many options shotguns, which are used by owners for the “home” self defense (home defense), similar to the weapons used by police in the event of conflict.

For example, brackets for cartridges placed near the forearm or butt, and allowing the shooter to quickly recharge, have become a natural and logical addition to shotgun protection, despite the almost complete absence of such brackets in military use. The police, like ordinary citizens, rarely use pouches with ammunition on their equipment, as the military do; and carrying additional ammunition on the weapon gives the shooter quick access to the “saving” cartridges without the need to purchase special equipment.

Nothing new in the sun: a 1970s poster describing the Remington 870 shotgun for the police. Pay attention to short barrels, folding stock, sights and increased stores.Nothing new in the sun: a 1970s poster describing the Remington 870 shotgun for the police. Pay attention to short barrels, folding stock, sights and increased stores.

Another critically important improvement. self-defense shotgun was the use of a tactical flashlight. Neither the police nor the civilians can afford to cause additional harm to the attacker, and both may face much more complicated scenarios than the soldiers. Someone sneaking up on a military patrol at night does it definitely with a view to causing deadly harm; but someone who sneaks up at night to a house may turn out to be a robber, in the same way as the son of a householder trying to escape at night to a party. The consequences of misinterpreting these situations can be deadly, so certain measures must be taken to correctly assess the presence and nature of the threat, and tactical flashlight can help with that.

Sights for shotgun also become much more popular, depending on the user and scope. A visit to a local shooting gallery will show you that neither simple mechanical nor more sophisticated electronic sights are mandatory, but will be a desirable addition to shotgun for protection your property and life. For example, a compact and durable collimator (red-dot) will greatly help when shooting in low light, and indeed, any sight outside the basic configuration will expand your capabilities.

Modern rifle accessories allow you to adapt the shotgun to any needs and situations.Modern rifle accessories allow you to adapt the shotgun to any needs and situations.

At its core shotgun is the best option weapons for self defense due to its power and speed, especially at short distances, when every second counts. In fact, any gun can be used for protection, but specially equipped shotgun very different from what you have in the pantry and used for shooting birds. It is short and lightweight, which simplifies the task of protecting the internal territory. Regardless of whether the first shot was shotgun, it can be done last, but due to the “power supply” from a store loaded with a sufficient number of cartridges, the solution of the problems you encounter can become lightning-fast.

Existence shotgun justified by the fact that it can be called the king of firing at short distances, especially with cartridges that fully reveal the full potential of the weapon. And if necessary, shotgun for self defense can be equipped with modern accessories to the weapon is fully consistent with the emerging threats.

Share your opinions on the use of shotguns and do not forget to check our site regularly in the next few weeks, as we will discuss more topics about self defense shotgun.

Original article – Kyle Eggimann |

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