Firewood is the main external resource that any tourist camp in the forest zone consumes. Because firewood has to be dealt with throughout the entire time of his work.
Campfire firewood camping, tree felling sequence.
The best source of firewood is dead coniferous trees. That is why lumbering is often one of the main (and one of the most difficult) trenching works. For felling trees, both a saw and an ax can be used. Sushi of small diameter (up to 10 centimeters) are usually cut, thicker it is more convenient to file.
especially follow its progress, and with the smallest signs of jamming, stop working and release the tool. If the saw is still jammed, try to swing it in the sawing plane. If this does not help, do not try to deflect the tree in the opposite direction, it will be more competent to make a wedge-shaped hem before it connects to the cut.
Then a tree should be cut from the opposite side about 7-10 centimeters above the first cut or cut. When the second cut is closer to the first, the trunk should be pressed and tumbled down. Sometimes a pole is used to create a larger bending moment. An inexperienced person may ask a question here. But isn’t it easier to immediately start sawing from the side opposite to the slope, over the entire diameter of the trunk? Maybe easier. Only then, when the tree falls, it will begin to prick along the fibers with the formation of a powerful chip, which can easily spring and push the trunk back to where you are.
Therefore, flaunting, being next to the top of a falling tree, to put it mildly, is not recommended. But one should not tremble with fear either. A tree never falls at lightning speed, and it will certainly warn you of its intention with a crack of torn fibers. Hearing him, immediately run to the side, and nothing will threaten you. In the vast majority of cases, the sushi of interest to us do not stand apart, but surrounded by other trees. Therefore, you should pay attention to ensure that our tree does not catch on neighboring ones when falling.
Dry twigs are not particularly dangerous in this regard, the falling trunk easily breaks them off. But if on the trajectory of the alleged fall there is a powerful living branch, or, moreover, a branched top, then it is better to look for another land. Surely it will take much less time and effort to find it than to release a suspended trunk, possibly weighing more than one hundred kilograms.
If, however, a freeze has occurred and you think that it is in your power to free the hooked land, then there are several ways to do this. The trunk, caught in a not very thick and long knot, you can carefully try to swing. Only, as one of my friends said, without fanaticism, first of all think about your safety. I don’t advise trying to chop off the interfering bitch, it is not known what tensions have arisen in him and after what blow he will break, having brought down a multi-kilogram trunk on your unreasonable head.
The same is fraught with sawing a hovering tree from below, although sometimes this technique is practiced. It is best of all in such cases to still try to drag the butt. If it is massive enough and you have a long and strong rope at your disposal, then you can build the simplest chain hoist by tying one end of it to a solid tree and enclosing the other around a hanging trunk. The force is then applied to the second free end. Only in winter, when the comel burrows deep in the snow during a fall, this technique most likely will not work.
After the dry land has fallen, it is necessary to chop the branches. Many, including fairly experienced tourists, often get above the fallen trunk, passing it between the legs, and begin to famously wave the ax both on the left and on the right, gradually moving forward. More sadly, sometimes this way of working is even recommended in tourist literature. Therefore, before embarking on the implementation of such recommendations in practice, I strongly recommend that you think about where and along which path the ax will bounce off the trunk in this case, if suddenly your blow is not as accurate as we would like?
In the shin, in the knee, or in the thigh? In any case, the consequences can be very, very sad for you. This is especially true in winter, when the likelihood of an ax ricochet from a frozen and icy trunk increases significantly. Therefore, standing with both legs should be from the side opposite to the one on which the chopped branch is located. In this case, any possible trajectories of the abnormal movement of the ax will be directed away from you..
It’s better to cut the trunk into small buns 30-50 centimeters long, right on the spot, which you will then chop for firewood. If the trunk is not too heavy, try to bring another log under it. Then the sawn edge will hang over the ground, and the saw will not jam. For a node and a pentagon, logs of 3 meters or more are needed. Do not try to carry them to the camp alone. With a diameter of 30 centimeters, they will weigh over one hundred kilograms, and you are far from Schwarzenegger, think about your spine.
Only when you together bring the log to your place on your shoulders, before dropping it, make sure that the heads of all the carriers are ONE SIDE! The opposite of where you are going to dump the log! Despite all the seeming comic, there have been cases of such hindsight, I have seen them and honestly say there was little funny.
Logging in a tourist camp.
Sausages prepared and transferred to the camp should be split into logs. It is more convenient to do this if you put them not on the ground, but on another, larger sausage, serving as an anvil. In the plane in which the ax is moving, SHOULD NOT BE ANYONE, even if you are one hundred percent sure that you will not let him out of your hands and that he will not fly off the ax. Because, according to experienced stories, once a year even a stick shoots …
You should not stand nearby and on the side of the anvil, logs chopped by a powerful blow often fly off over a fairly large distance. It is also dangerous to approach the one working from behind if you do not want to accidentally get a forehead butt. And in general, the anvil should be located at some distance from the campfire, where people constantly crowd. After finishing work and chopping firewood, it is necessary to remove the tool in its place.
The axes scattered around the camp not only do not decorate the parking lot, but can also cause serious injuries. Therefore, during the day, when the need for axes can arise at any moment, it is better to store them stuck in the anvil, and at night to put in tents or under their canopy from rain and uninvited guests. Logging is the main source of danger when working inside the camp. This should be remembered and treated with all responsibility and seriousness..
Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.