Thousands of reference books, medical books, scientific and popular science books have been written about the medicinal properties of plants. Over the course of several thousand years of its history, people have been using hemostatic, wound healing and anti-burn wild plants to treat a wide variety of diseases, wounds and injuries..
Most medicinal plants are well known and available. Many people collect them on their own, others get them in pharmacies. A lot of plants use traditional medicine. But there are plants on our planet whose medicinal properties are known only to specialists or to local residents of the places where these plants grow. We offer to get acquainted with those wild medicinal herbs that at different times of the year and in different natural areas of the world can be identified, assembled and prepared without much difficulty for quick and effective use.
Without complicating ourselves with Latin names and a detailed description of plant parts and mechanisms of therapeutic effect, we turn to the table in which the names of plants, their places of growth, collection dates, which parts of the plant, how and in which cases to apply, are given. The table shows that many medicinal plants can be used directly in raw, that is, natural form, without prior preparation. But still, most are used in the form of an elementary decoction or infusion.
Since the composition of the extract and the completeness of extraction of the necessary substances largely depend on the fineness of the used medicinal raw materials, the following simple rules should be followed when preparing wild medicinal plants:
From small particles, the extraction of useful substances is the most complete and occurs much faster.
Too strong grinding gives a poor-quality extract with a lot of flakes, fiber and other insoluble substances.
Usually leaves, flowers, grass are crushed to particles not exceeding 5 mm.
Stems, bark, roots and rhizomes are crushed to particles no more than 3 mm.
Seeds and fruits are crushed to particles no more than 0.5 mm.
Most small flowers, such as chamomile, elderberry, yarrow, cornflower, violets and the like, are not chopped.
Hemostatic, wound healing, anti-burn wild-growing medicinal plants.
|Title||Place and condition of growth||Pick time||Used part||Form of use||For what purposes is it used|
|Hemostatic, wound healing, anti-burn, with boils, bruises, swelling, antimicrobial.|
|Large plantain||Everywhere, in moist, lit places.||May to October||Leaves and seeds||Fresh leaf, decoction of seeds||Hemostatic, wound healing, laxative.|
|Sphagnum (Moss)||Peat bogs.||All year round||All parts of moss||Dried||Instead of iodine and cotton.|
|Icelandic Lichen||Coniferous forests, peat bogs.||All year round||Thallus||Dried||Healing of wounds, burns.|
|Stinging nettle||Everywhere.||June to September||Leaves||Fresh leaf||Wound healing, hemostatic.|
|Hemophilus officinalis||On glades, in woodlands, along river banks.||September||Rhizome||Dry and fresh, broth||Antimicrobial, hemostatic, antidiarrheal.|
|Larch sponge, medicinal fungus||On the trunks of larch, cedar, fir.||All year round||Fruit body||Infusion or decoction||Hemostatic, laxative.|
|Shepherd’s bag||Everywhere.||All summer||Grass||Decoction||With internal bleeding.|
|Mushroom caterpillar (swamp)||On the banks of rivers, lakes.||June August||Grass||Broth and fresh grass||Early and burn-healing, lowers blood pressure.|
|Mountain ash||In the undergrowth of mixed and deciduous forests.||End of summer beginning of winter||Berries (fruits)||Berries, juice, decoction||Hemostatic, diuretic.|
|Yarrow||Meadows, bushes.||June-October||Tops with inflorescences||Decoction||Hemostatic, in case of poisoning.|
|Dioecious cat’s foot||In taiga everywhere in pine and birch forest areas.||June July||Flower baskets||Powder||Sprinkle wounds with bleeding.|
|Greater burdock, burdock, felt burdock||Everywhere.||All summer||Roots and leaves||Broth, fresh leaf||With boils, tumors, swelling, bruises.|
|Coltsfoot||Everywhere.||Early spring||Leaves and flowers||Broth and fresh||For wound healing and boils (apply).|
|Cinquefoil-Uzik (galangal, dubbing)||Glades, edges, pine forests, along river banks.||May-June, September-October||Rhizomes||Decoction||With bleeding, from diarrhea, with toothache.|
|Highlander||Along the banks of rivers and lakes.||July-October||Grass||Decoction||Increases blood coagulability, constricts blood vessels, enhances heart activity, laxative.|
|Water pepper||Forest zone along the banks of rivers, lakes, swamps.||July-September||All ground||Decoction||With bleeding, from diarrhea, as a painkiller, with malaria.|
|Narrow-leaved fireweed||On the fringes, burns along the outskirts of the swamps.||July August||Leaves||Decoction||Anti-inflammatory, for headache, gastrointestinal disease.|
|Buckthorn Buckthorn||Southern areas of the taiga zone, along river valleys and pebbles.||Aug. Sept||Leaves and branches||Dried||Powder with scuffs and antimicrobial.|
|The club is club-shaped, lycopodium||In dry coniferous forests.||The end of the summer||Disputes||Dry powder; decoction||As a powder for wounds, from scuffs, pains in the stomach.|
Iotvar infusions are prepared in such a way that 100 ml of extract is obtained from 10 parts of plant material. For example, to get 100 ml of decoction or infusion, you need to fill in about 10 parts of the crushed plant with 120-125 parts of water, taking into account that part of the water will be absorbed by the plant material. This is the rule for all types of medicinal plants containing tannins (oak bark, blueberries), essential oils (mint leaves, chamomile flowers, St. John’s wort, saponins (licorice roots), vitamins (rose hips, black currants, raspberries) and others.
Hoods for external use make it more concentrated. Infusions and decoctions from the roots and rhizomes of potent plants, such as valerian, are obtained at the rate of 1 part of raw material per 30 parts of water. You should not prepare infusions and decoctions in metal utensils, since under the influence of metals the chemical composition of the extract can change and it will lose its healing properties, and in some cases it can cause poisoning.
The difference in the preparation of infusions and decoctions is small. The crushed vegetable raw materials for the preparation of the infusion are poured with the necessary amount of hot boiled water, closed with a lid or with something replacing it and heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes. Then the infusion is removed and cooled for at least 45 minutes. It is advisable to strain the cooled hood. If necessary, add boiled water to the desired volume. Unlike a decoction, the infusion can be stored for a little longer, but if stored in a dark, cool place and in non-metal dishes.
The broth is prepared in the same way as the infusion, but is heated in a water bath for 30 minutes, then cooled and filtered. Decoctions of bearberry leaves, rhizomes and roots of rhubarb, rhizomes of serpentine and cinquefoil, oak bark and buckthorn are best filtered immediately after removal from the water bath, preventing even the slightest cooling, since decoctions of them quickly become cloudy even at the slightest drop in temperature. All water extracts in the summertime are quickly damaged, and therefore they should not be harvested for the future, but better for a day or two maximum. Infusions and decoctions used for colds are best taken warm.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.