In the presence of sudden bleeding formed in the event of injury, it is important to stop the blood as soon as possible. For this, hemostopes (hemostatics) are used, which, when in contact with the bleeding site, form a pseudo-clot that blocks the flow of blood. Such drugs are very useful in providing first aid and at home, but have some features of use.
- What is hemostopes?
- 2The mechanism of action
- 3 types of hemostopes
- 3.1 Dressings (gels)
- 3.3 Powders
- 4How to properly apply
- 5 Storage Conditions
What is hemostopes?
A hemostope is a group of drugs that, upon contact with blood, form a blood clot that clogs the site of a rupture of a vessel. They are used in the provision of emergency first aid in the presence of heavy bleeding.
Statistics show that if there are injuries, more than 50% of patients die from bleeding, and without waiting for medical assistance. The imposition of harnesses and tight dressings does not allow to achieve the desired result, as is possible with the use of hemostopes.
The advantages of hemostatic drugs are:
- Complete sterility, which, if properly applied, does not cause wound infection.
- Not absorbed into the blood and does not accumulate in the body.
- Easy to use, can save lives in critical situations.
- Suitable for all types of wounds and bleeding.
- The possibility of use in those places where the imposition of harness is unacceptable.
Among the disadvantages are the lack of effectiveness in case of extensive bleeding.
Initially, these drugs were made to stop bleeding in those places where the imposition of a tourniquet is impossible: neck, armpits, head. The hemostopes were effectively used by the military, where, when injured, there is no possibility of permanent medical assistance. This helped save thousands of lives, after which the drug was introduced into use.
Mechanism of action
The hemostatic effect is based on the hemostop’s unique ability to absorb moisture. With direct contact with the excreted blood, water is captured, and the blood itself becomes more concentrated, which allows the natural mechanism of hemostasis (blood coagulation) to be started up in the shortest possible time. This contributes to the rapid formation of a blood clot that clogs the site of damage to the vessel and the bleeding stops.
Calcium and other components that are coagulation factors and accelerate the coagulation process are included in the hemostopes. The preparations have no contraindications, as they contain natural ingredients. With their help, not only superficial hemorrhages from wounds can be stopped, but also deep hemorrhages developing during abdominal operations.
Hemostopes do not grow into tissues and vessels. After cupping bleeding, they are easily removed from the wound, having the appearance of a thick jelly. Their use helps to save human life, so this tool should be in every first aid kit.
Types of hemostopes
Depending on what kind of bleeding needs to be stopped and how extensive the damage is, hemostopes are divided into groups.
A hemostop in the form of a dressing material is represented by a small piece of sterile bandage or a napkin soaked in hemostatics. Each such bandage is packed with an individual hermetic package, after opening of which the bandage cannot be reused.
Hemostatic bandages are used in surgery for plugging deep vessels, access to which is restricted. Also, wipes with a hemostatic effect can be used in everyday life to stop bleeding. Solid hemostopes are well suited for incised, thinned and torn wounds, accompanied by arterial or venous bleeding.
To relieve bleeding, it is necessary to clean the wound from blood clots and rinse with warm water, then attach a napkin and press it firmly with your hand to the bleeding site for 2-3 minutes. During this time a pseudo-clot will be formed, which will eliminate the bleeding.
In the case when, after using one pack of the bandage, the bleeding did not stop, open the next one and apply to the wound. Shown tight bandaging and overlay roller from a sterile bandage, which will increase the compression. For secondary use, the drug is not suitable.
This type of hemostopes is presented in the form of a tube with a fine tip. Inside it contains a special liquid substance that triggers the blood coagulation mechanism. The applicator allows to stop deep bleeding, which cannot be reached with a napkin, bandage and powder.
The only drawback of the applicator is the fact that if it is used improperly, it is possible to provoke increased bleeding due to the additional injury of the bleeding vessel.
Applicators are suitable for stopping bleeding in case of penetrating injuries, deep knife wounds, and gunshot wounds. The contents of the tube are injected under pressure into the bleeding cavity, then tightly pressed with a hand with a sterile bandage. In the absence of effect after 4-5 minutes, a second portion of the drug can be used.
Powdered hemostopes are the most common and effective. The principle of their action is to maximize the absorption of water from the total volume of blood secreted, which thickens it and contributes to the formation of a blood clot.
The part of the body where bleeding is noted should be fixed in a fixed position, which will help to reduce bleeding. When applying a harness, it is mandatory to attach a note with time and date.
The drug is stored in a cool dry place. For powder form, it is important that the bag is airtight. Otherwise, the powder will harden to the point where it needs to be used.
Hemostop analogues are foreign drugs Celox and Hemcom. Find them in domestic pharmacies is extremely difficult. If possible, you need to buy any type of hemostatic for the first-aid kit, which will allow you to protect your life with bleeding.