A home emergency survival kit does not have to be expensive and there is no need to buy any special or expensive items for it. It’s quite easy to put together a survival kit by visiting a regular supermarket and a couple of stores. The survival kit must be well packaged, space-saving and easy to carry.
Home emergency kit and emergency reserve for survival during accidents, cataclysms, disasters and natural disasters, 72 hours survival kit concept.
In this article, we will look at the basic elementary home emergency kit that would suit most critical situations. Under the basic (elementary), we mean an emergency kit which includes only basic necessities. Well, maybe a little more. Every Home Survival Emergency Kit Must Match Your Environment.
, but before the hurricane, there will most likely be a preliminary notice that will allow you to better prepare. The greater the scale of the disaster, the less time to prepare and the longer the period of time during which you will be helped. And if there is such a disaster as Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, you ask, there will obviously not be enough reserves for only 72 hours? In this case, using your 72 hour reserves, you must actively act to find a place where you could exist on your own until help arrives, say within a week, or even get outside the disaster area.
There are many ready-made commercial survival kits that you can purchase so you don’t have to build your own; make sure that these kits contain exactly what you might need. If you do not want to be one of those who have been waiting in line for hours to get water or food, then get ready and get ready for possible surprises in advance. Do not believe in quick and comprehensive help..
Water and water purifiers in the home emergency survival kit.
A person can live without food for many weeks. But even a day without water can lead to unpredictable consequences, especially if you are in a hot climate. In principle, to prevent death in most environments, a person needs 200 grams of water per day, but not enough to allow himself to exist with some comfort for several days after the disaster. Your minimum goal should be to create reserves based on: about 3.5 liters of water per person per day, and up to 5 liters in hot climates. This will allow you to survive the disaster quite comfortably. Remember the rule of water does not happen much, and always try to replenish its supplies at every opportunity.
Water should be stored in a cool, dry place without direct sunlight. Use large plastic bottles with screw caps and preferably equipped with carrying handles as containers. They are strong enough with light weight. It is not recommended to use various glass bottles or jars as containers for storing water; it is easy to seal a broken plastic bottle with the same adhesive tape or seal it, but what to do with a broken glass? For storage, for example, you can use 19 liter bottles for office coolers. But keep in mind that then there may be problems when moving them to another place, finally if there is a leak, it is better to lose a few liters than the daily supply of water for a family of three.
The most acceptable option is a reasonable ratio of 5 and 19 liter plastic bottles. When buying water for storage in a store, be sure to pay attention to the expiration date, do not forget to regularly update your stocks. To consume water from unknown, unverified sources, stock up on filters or water disinfectants. It is most reliable to use industry-specific tablets for disinfecting water. One tablet of this drug disinfects 0.5-0.75 liters of water 15 to 20 minutes after dissolution.
To some extent, they can be replaced by tablets of hydroperite (perhydrol) one tablet per 1.5 2 liters of water. Potassium permanganate is approximately 1 2 grams per bucket of water, while the color of the solution should be slightly pink. Iodine at the rate of 3-4 drops of a five percent alcohol tincture per 1 liter of water. Aluminum alum pinch on a bucket of water. In extreme cases, even ordinary table salt will help one tablespoon of 1.5 2 liters of water. In all cases, water should be allowed to settle for 15-30 minutes.
Various types of filters are a good means for disinfecting water: Aquaphor, Biofilter, Azalea, Dew, Barrier, Brita, or a pocket-sized version of Rodnik filter, which has the form of a plastic tube, one end of which is lowered into a reservoir, and absorbed through the other mouth. Disinfection of water in such a filter is carried out using powerful iodine-containing reagents, which allows, without fear of the consequences, to drink water from any water source, even from a rotten swamp. At least, so its creators say. Since time immemorial, silver has been considered a good disinfectant. It is noticed that the water in which some silver product is immersed lasts longer. Further studies showed that the antimicrobial effect of silver is 1750 times stronger than carbolic acid and 3.5 times mercuric chloride.
Food in a Home Survival Emergency Kit.
Most people only need 2,000 calories per day, this value doubles if you have to work hard or you are in a cold climate. Complex carbohydrates are most convenient in terms of survival, they provide the body with energy in the best way, are easily digested and use a minimum of water. Lack of protein in the diet is not critical. Simple sugar, such as candy, is not good unless you are looking for a quick way for a short boost in energy..
There are a large number of suitable non-perishable foods with a minimum five-year shelf life. Canned beans and similar products are centuries-old survival food that will outlive you and be stored for many more years. If you are unsure of a reliable source of potable water, do not rely on dry foods such as rice or pasta, or dehydrated (dried) foods. Stock up on vitamins, now there are a great many of them in any pharmacy, give preference to vitamins in plastic packaging, and do not forget about your pets, they also need water and food.
Property for organizing leisure and living in a home emergency survival kit.
As a refuge, of course, a tent of the necessary size and volume, and sleeping bags for each, will do. And if not? Then a pair of large 100-120 liter garbage bags per person. They can serve as an improvised sleeping bag and a rain cover. Add a couple more woolen blankets, and you are comfortable enough. For the construction of shelters would be effective piece of tarp large size. Not very good, but still effective and less expensive way to polyethylene, which is sold in rolls, avoid very thin samples, the thickness should be acceptable. Store at least one set of work clothes, a pair of sturdy boots, and several underwear shifts for each family member.
Prepare several boxes of matches, it is better to have waterproof and windproof, or treat ordinary waxes (nail polish) to protect against moisture. For cooking and heating, a small gas or multi-fuel burner with an appropriate fuel supply is suitable. Avoid using charcoal stoves for indoor heating. Be aware that burning charcoal produces a tremendous amount of deadly carbon monoxide. A lot of families died trying to use charcoal to heat a house, apartment or for cooking. If you decide to cook, then consider the number of necessary dishes and at least one fork and spoon for each person in the family.
Medical Aids in Home Survival Emergency Kit.
Possible complete set of first-aid kit may be different. First aid measures in some situations are described on this page..
Tools in a home emergency survival kit.
A decent quality knife is the most basic and basic tool you will need. In addition, a multifunctional tool (multitool) is useful. Add normal sharpener and gloves to protect your hands when working..
Lighting tools and lights in a home emergency survival kit.
A flashlight is best to have one for each member of the family. If possible, it should be waterproof. Invest in a decent and quality product from reputable manufacturers. Make sure that you have prepared spare batteries and a spare bulb (preferably two). Do not store batteries in the light, and do not forget to store or recharge them regularly if you use batteries. The most reliable lithium batteries, they have a long shelf life, work well in the cold and, compared to other types, have less weight. Try to standardize all the electrical appliances that you plan to use and focus on one type of battery, such as AA. It is widely used and has many different types of batteries and accumulators. Put some ordinary candles in your survival kit, they will always come in handy.
Communications and alerts in a home emergency survival kit.
Buy a small radio to stay up to date. There are affordable models of receivers that run on solar panels, although preference should still be given to conventional ones. Do not rely on a mobile phone, it may simply not work in a natural disaster, and its battery will run down quickly, there will most likely be no place to charge it.
Miscellaneous in a home survival kit.
Do not forget about your documents, money and important papers. Try to store them in one place, so that, if necessary, do not waste time searching and pulling them from different places. Money can solve many problems in times of distress. Set aside at least $ 100 per person. Do not rely on credit cards, ATMs may not work, and workers will not be replenished with cash. Check the survival kit for toilet paper and personal care products. Aluminum foil is very useful, prepare at least a few pieces of different sizes and thicknesses. A repair kit of several needles, safety pins and a spool of thread will help to fix clothes, and a small notebook with a pen and pencil to write a note or keep a diary.
In fact, the list of necessary items can be enumerated endlessly, in the end it all depends on yourself, on your approach to picking up a home survival kit, on the conditions of your area of residence, etc. And finally, do not dismantle your home emergency kit, if you need any of the items collected there, for non-critical use. You will definitely forget to put this item in its place and it simply won’t be there when you really need it.