Bonfire appliances are needed when the cooker serves for cooking and there is a need to hang the dishes. Quite often for this purpose, flyers and crossbars from the trunks of green trees are used.
Home-made bonfire devices, bonfire hooks and flyers, loops, crossbeams and devices for hanging dishes, a hearth from a pole, stones and turf.
Not to mention the fact that finding a suitable tree takes a lot of time, a certain damage is done to the forest. This damage is especially noticeable in popular tourist areas, in the suburban area of large and small cities. Therefore, tourists going on a camping trip should have bonfire equipment with them. A great number of such devices have been created and tested by tourists..
Campfire crossbar tools.
It is becoming increasingly difficult to find a thick branching tree so that it can be cut down without harming the forest. Here are a few homemade products that allow you to use one straight tree as a crossbar and racks. The extension of the trunk, if the crossbar was cut down from the middle part, and the butt part can be used as racks. In the upper part, you can drive, screw or put on artificial metal slings.
Homemade Bonfire Hooks.
All hooks are made of steel wire with a diameter of 5-6 mm, a large screw is welded to the third hook.
Homemade bonfire flyer tips.
From a steel sheet with a thickness of 0.8-1 mm or a duralumin tube, flyer tips can be made.
Homemade bonfire loops.
Bonfire slings are also not needed if home-made bonfire loops are made of wire (preferably multi-strand with soft shielding). These “eights” perfectly hold the crossbar. They are convenient to adjust the height of the tuft above the hearth.
Home-made bonfire crossbeams and devices for hanging dishes from a steel cable and chain.
As a crossbar, they usually take a fresh tree. However, it is better to do without cutting. When making a bonfire in the forest, the crossbar is perfectly replaced by a steel cable with a diameter of 2.5-3 mm or a steel chain of 3-4 mm. Especially convenient for cross-country when arranging a hearth between two trees.
The ends of the steel cable are carefully cleaned, then rings with a diameter of 6-10 mm are made at the ends and soldered. For ease of carrying, the cable is wound on a reel of a fishing path. The cable is attached to the trees using a rope with snap hooks or a crocodile clip. For adjusting the suspension height of buckets and bowlers, a chain is very convenient to one end of which a hook is soldered.
Crossbars over ski poles.
In skiing you can use a pair of ski poles as a crossbar. If the bonfire is arranged in a snow pit, then ski poles are laid directly on its edges. In deep snow, it’s better not to spend time and effort digging a hole, but to make a bonfire on a log platform constructed of 4-5 thick felling (wet and rotten ones) 1.5-3 meters.
On very fluffy and loose snow, it is useful to put two transverse logs under a row of valleins. Under these conditions, the crossbar usually rests on tripods made of ski poles. Around the campfire, in order not to fall into the snow, you need to throw more brushwood.
Hearth from a pole and stones, from stones and pieces of turf.
In the absence of racks, the hearth can be equipped with a pole and stones. In sparsely forested and mountainous areas, the hearth is built of stones and pieces of turf. Moreover, for better combustion, it is recommended that the distance between the side walls of the focus on the windward side be greater than on the leeward side.
alpenstock connected in tripod.
Based on materials from the book Homemade Travel Equipment.